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British America: Map

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For American people of British descent, see British American.

British America consisted of the English and later British Empire in continental North America in the 17th century and 18th century. Formally, the British Colonies in North America were known as "British America" and the "British West Indies" until 1783, when Britain recognized the United States of Americamarker as a sovereign nation. After that, "British North America" (or, simply but not inclusively, "Canadamarker") were used to describe the remainder of Britain's continental North American possessions. The term "British North America" was first used informally in 1783, but it was uncommon before the Report on the Affairs of British North America , called the Durham Report.

British America gained large amounts of new territory following the Treaty of Paris which ended Britain's involvement in the Seven Years' War. At the start of the American War of Independence in 1775, the British Empire included twenty colonies north and east of New Spain (Present day areas of Mexicomarker and the Western United States). East Florida and West Florida were ceded to Spainmarker in the Treaty of Paris which ended the American Revolution, and then ceded by Spain to the United Statesmarker in 1819. All but one of the remaining colonies of British North America apart the British West Indies joined together from 1867 to 1873 forming Canadamarker. Newfoundland joined Canada in 1949.

List of colonies in 1775

The Thirteen Colonies that formed the original United States of America:

New England Colonies


Middle Colonies


Southern Colonies
(depending on the subject under discussion, Virginia and Maryland may be grouped as the Chesapeake Colonies)


Remaining colonies that became a part of British North America after American independence was recognized by Great Britain in 1783:

Other British Loyalist colonies (1763-1783) that eventually became part of the United States of America, which were ceded by Britain to Spain in 1783:

In addition, the Crown held as direct territory/crown property the mostly unsettled (by colonists of European descent):

See also




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