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Bromsgrove is a town in Worcestershire, England. The town is about north east of Worcestermarker and south west of Birminghammarker city centre. It had a population of 29,237 in 2001 (39,644 in the wider Bromsgrove/Catshill urban area) and is in Bromsgrove Districtmarker.


Bromsgrove is first documented in the early 9th century as Bremesgraf. Later in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle of 909 A.D. Bromsgrove is mentioned as Bremesburh. Then in the Domesday Book Bromsgrove is referenced as Bremesgrave. The Breme part of the place name is almost certainly a Saxon personal name.

Prior to 1086 Bromsgrove is known to have had a Royal chief manor, a priest and three water mills. It was an important royal vill astride to the Roman road linking Droitwichmarker with the northern Midlands It was at the centre of a very large parish and its church was certainly of minister status. Bromsgrove, along with all the towns in north Worcestershire, was committed to defending the city of Worcestermarker and is recorded to have contributed burgess to Droitwichmarker in 1086. There may also have been Saxon or Norman fortifications in Bromsgrove, but other than in literature no physical archaeological evidence remains.

In the Anglo-Saxon times, Bromsgrove had a woodland economy consisting of hunting, maintenance of haies and pig farming.

At one time, Bromsgrove was a centre for the woollen trade, which went into decline before the 17th century.

The Bromsgrove Union Workhouse, on the Birmingham Road, was opened in 1838 and closed in 1948 and is in use as an Indian restaurant today.

Nail making was introduced by the French Huguenots in the 17th century and became a thriving industry. At one point Bromsgrove was the world centre of nail making. Mechanisation quickly put the industry into decline.

Bromsgrove was home for many years to the world-famous "Bromsgrove Guild", a company of craftsmen who produced many fine works of sculpture, ironwork, etc., including the gates of Buckingham Palacemarker (whose locks are stamped with the Guild's name), the lifts on the Lusitaniamarker and the famous statue adorning the Fortune Theatremarker in Drury Lanemarker.

In 1841, Bromsgrove railway works was established. It was primarily a maintenance facility but also built steam locomotives. The works provided employment for people in Bromsgrove. In 1964, following a reorganisation of railway workshops, the works closed and was demolished. The site is now a housing estate. One of the turntable pits still remains.

Major restoration of the Norman and 13th century St. John the Baptist church was carried out in 1858 by Sir George Gilbert Scott. In the churchyard here are the grave of two railwaymen, Tom Scaife and Joseph Rutherford who were killed when their steam locomotive blew up while climbing the steepest mainline railway gradient in England, at the nearby Lickey Incline , on 10 November 1840. The driver and his number two died instantly.

St. Peter’s Roman Catholic Church in Worcester Road was built by Gilbert Blount in 1858.


Bromsgrove's Member of Parliament is Julie Kirkbride. As a largely rural constituency with affluent residential areas, Bromsgrove is strongly Conservative with even more conservative seats being won in the local elections at the expense of 'other' candidates. The population has a small ethnic minority. Bromsgrove has its own youth branch of Conservatives called Bromsgrove Conservative Future.


The solid geology of Bromsgrove is that of the Triassic (late Scythian to early Ladinian) Bromsgrove Sandstone. It shows red bed facies and was probably laid down by rivers flowing through an arid landscape or in ephemeral, shallow lakes. The uppermost beds were deposited by a brief marine transgression. The soil is very good for market gardening and growing vegetables due to Marl bands. The district is at a general elevation of between 200 to 300 feet above sea level.


Bromsgrove experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) similar to almost all of the United Kingdom.


There is a statue of Alfred Edward Housman in the high street, which was erected in 1985. There is also a sculpture of a dryad and boar in the high street.

Bromsgrove is home to Grafton Manor which dates back to the 13th century. It has a rich history, with some historians believing it to be involved in the gunpowder plot.


In 2004, 33,175 people in Bromsgrove Districtmarker were in employment, with mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas and water supply, the utilities, being the biggest sector of employment.

Many of Bromsgrove's residents find employment in Birminghammarker, Redditch, Worcestermarker and other places along the motorway network. MG Rover was a major employer of Bromsgrove residents until its collapse in May 2005.

Bromsgrove is still home to LG Harris Ltd, a paint brush manufacturer.(Known locally as "Harris Brush" or just "The Brush")

Business parks in Aston Fields and Buntsford Hill are helping to revitalise the local economy, in addition to newer developments such as Saxon and Harris Business Parks. Bromsgrove District Council is aiming to create a technology corridor along the A38 to take advantage of the area's excellent road links.

Present day

Communal facilities

Bromsgrove is now host to a new centre for the arts, "Artrix". This is a theatre and a cinema, located in School Drive. It hosts relatively recently-released films, rock concerts, stand-up comedians and classical music concerts from Bromsgrove Concerts.

Sanders Park
has a medium sized public community library situated in the centre of the town. The library offers not only books but also music CD, spoken word, foreign language tapes and videos & DVDs for adults and children. There are 25 computers available with internet access.

Bromsgrove has a municipal park, Sanders Park. Facilities include: basketball, tennis courts, a skate park, children's play area and football pitches. A bonfire night is held annually with a large fireworks display and fair ground rides. Other events are held such as big band afternoons featuring bands playing in the bandstand.

There is a Bowls club in Charfordmarker which is immensely popular with the older residents.

There is a large public leisure centre and sports centre in the town called The Dolphin Centre. It has two swimming pools and a large sports hall. Numerous activities and clubs are held here, such as the Bromsgrove Swimming Club. It is maintained by Bromsgrove District Councilmarker.


Bromsgrove Rail Station (BR)

Bromsgrove is intersected by the A38, the M5 motorway borders the west side and the M42 motorway starts at the north of the town.

Bromsgrove railway stationmarker is situated to the south of the town. It sits at the foot of the Lickey Inclinemarker which is the steepest Incline on the British mainline network meaning most freight trains require assistance from a locomotive at the rear. Between 1919 and 1956 this was operated by a purpose built locomotive known by drivers as Big Bertha. There are frequent trains to Birmingham New Streetmarker, Worcester Foregate Streetmarker and Herefordmarker. On 4 May 2007, Network Rail announced that a new station will be built, to replace the existing structure, at a cost in the region of £10-12 million.

There is also a bus station adjacent to the high street. Buses operate to a wide area of Worcestershire and the West Midlands.


State Schools

Bromsgrove schools use a three-tier education system (First School, Middle School, High School).

Bromsgrove has 11 First Schools in its district: Finstall First School, Charford First School, Milfields First School, St. Peters Roman Catholic First School, Stoke Prior First School, Blackwell First School, Sidemoor First School, Catshill First School, Tardebigge CofE First School, Fairfield First School, Hanbury CofE First School and Meadows First School.

There are five Middle Schools: Alvechurch Middle School, Catshill Middle School, Aston Fields Middle Schoolmarker, St John's Middle School and Parkside Middle School.

There are two high schools, North Bromsgrove High Schoolmarker and South Bromsgrove High Schoolmarker in Charfordmarker. South Bromsgrove is a specialist school in foreign languages and I.T, noted for its extensive use of information technology. A previous headteacher, Philip McTague, was heavily involved in political action to reduce the gap in funding between Worcestershire state schools and others across the country. North Bromsgrove High School has now been classed for a specialist status in media and Creative Arts. They have both, very recently, been rebuilt by BAM (formerly known as HBG).

Private Schools

Bromsgrove is also home to Bromsgrove Schoolmarker, a co-educational independent school founded in 1553 with three campuses catering for pupils from nursery to sixth-form that offers boarding facilities. Former pupils include Digby Jones, head of the CBI for many years, and the actors Ian Carmichael , Richard Wattis and Trevor Eve.

Special Schools

There are two special schools in Bromsgrove, one is Chadsgrove School and Specialist Sports College the other Rigby Hall School.

Further Education

Bromsgrove is the main site of North East Worcestershire Collegemarker, better known as NEW College. NEW College has recently built a motorcycle academy with a £1.7 million grant from Advantage West Midlands, it has been extensively equipped by Harley Davidson.


Bromsgrove is home to:


Bromsgrove Museum
The Avoncroft Museum of Buildingsmarker has its home in Bromsgrove. This museum includes the National telephone kiosk Collection. The Bromsgrove Museum in the building of the Tourist Information Office near the centre of town is currently closed.

The Worcester and Birmingham Canalmarker which runs close to Bromsgrove, is a destination for leisure activities such as walking and coarse fishing and there are several narrowboat hire centres situated in nearby villages. The Tardebiggemarker lock flight, with 30 locks, is the longest in the UK. Bromsgrove is away from the historic country house Hanbury Hallmarker, which is open to the public. The town's leisure venues include a nightclub featuring a mixture of styles, and pubs in the town centre include a Wetherspoons pub, a Slug and Lettuce pub and a number of traditional pubs.Bromsgrove is close to the countryside attractions of the Lickey Hillsmarker, the Clent Hillsmarker, and the Waseley Hillsmarker.

Entertainment & Arts

For a small town, Bromsgrove has a lot of live entertainment. The Artrix hosts many national plays, workshops for schools and live music, ranging from local bands and international artists. A lot of school children visit the Artrix to act out their plays, or do a drama workshop, involving being taught how to be dramatic and speak loudly.

Live music is popular in Bromsgrove, there are several pubs that have live music.The Hop Pole has live music on a Thursday, Friday, Saturday and most Sundays. The Wishing Well has live music on a Friday, Saturday and occasional Sundays. The Black Cross also offers live music in the way of bands and discos most weekends. The Dog and Pheasant has kareoke and occasional live bands with a DJ upstairs. The Rowsler has Kareoke once a week. The Queens Head and Slug & Lettuce also has occasional DJs and live entertainment.

Famous local musicians include the likes of Fyfe Dangerfield of the Guillemots with famous musicians such as John Bonham (Lead Zeppelin) being local to the town.Local bands that are touring nationwide include Skabucks and Beatunion.

Town Twinning and Friendship Links

In May 1980, Bromsgrove was twinned with the German town of Gronaumarker. A formal friendship link document was signed between Bromsgrove and the district of Saint-Sauveur-Lendelinmarker in Normandy, France, in July 1999. Annual exchange visits are made by Bromsgrove and District Twinning Association members to each town with great success.

Twinning Friendship Link

Energy policy

In May 2006, a report commissioned by British Gas showed that housing in Bromsgrove produced the 14th highest average carbon emissions in the country at 7,133 kg of carbon dioxide per dwelling.

See also: Energy efficiency in British housing.

Notable Residents


  1. The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, Nikolaus Pevsner, 1968 Penguin. p109
  2. The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, Nikolaus Pevsner, 1968 Penguin. p110
  3. Network Rail News Releases: Bromsgrove to get new station
  4. Domestic Carbon Dioxide Emissions for Selected Cities


  • Bromsgrove (Images of England) - ISBN 0-7524-1146-2
  • Glory Gone: The Story of Nailing in Bromsgrove - ISBN 0-9513525-1-2

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