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The Town of Brookhaven is a town located in central Suffolk Countymarker, New Yorkmarker, USAmarker, and stretches from the North Shore to the South Shore of Long Islandmarker. Brookhaven is part of the New York metropolitan areamarker. The population of the town was 448,248 at the 2000 census. It is largest town (by area, if including water area) in the state of New York, and the second most populous, exceeded only by the Town of Hempsteadmarker in Nassau Countymarker.


Brookhaven NY
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 531.5 square miles (1,376.6 km²), of which 259.3 square miles (671.6 km²) is land and 272.2 square miles (705.1 km² or 51.22%) is water. It is the largest town in New York in terms of total area. Excluding water, however, there are four towns in the state with more land area: Webbmarker in Herkimer Countymarker, Long Lakemarker in Hamilton Countymarker, Ariettamarker in Hamilton County, and Ohiomarker in Herkimer County.

It has coastline on both the Atlantic Oceanmarker and Long Island Soundmarker. Riverheadmarker and Southamptonmarker lie to the east, and Smithtownmarker and Islipmarker lie to the west.

A large part of Fire Islandmarker and the Great South Baymarker are in the town.

It has a large hill, known as "Bald Hillmarker", in the hamlet of Farmingville, which marks where the glacier which formed Long Island stopped. At the top of Bald Hill is a Vietnam Veterans Memorial.

Brookhaven National Laboratorymarker is located within the town.


The first known inhabitants were Algonquian-speaking Native Americans, of the Setauketmarker and Unkechaug tribes. The first English settlers arrived in 1655 and purchased land from the inhabitants. Early English settlers farmed, fished, and hunted whales.

The first English settlement was named Setauketmarker after the native American tribe. In 1666, Governor Richard Nicolls granted a Patent for the town which confirmed title to the lands purchased, and permitted additional purchases. Governor Thomas Dongan issued a Patent in 1686 which granted powers to the town and established a representative form of government.

The letter "D" on the official seal, associated with the original Dongan patent officially establishing Brookhaven, is a cattle branding letter assigned to Brookhaven in the mid-1600s, along with whaling harpoons.


The Great South Bay at sunset
As of the census of 2000, there were 448,248 people, 146,828 households, and 112,910 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,728.8 people per square mile (667.5/km²). There were 155,406 housing units at an average density of 599.4/sq mi (231.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 88.43% White, 4.33% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 2.90% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.21% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.04% of the population.

There were 146,828 households out of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.1% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.37.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

According to a 2006 estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $73,566, and the median income for a family was $84,705.[35373] Males had a median income of $48,601 versus $32,157 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,191. About 3.9% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.

Historical Population
(see also sidebox for U.S. census data)

1865 10,159

1845 7,461

1825 5,393

Government and Politics

Brookhaven government is led by a town Supervisor and a six-member Town Council, which are all two-year term elected positions. Council members are elected by district.

Prior to 2002, the Brookhaven Town Republican Party controlled the majority of the town board for several decades, except for a two year period in the mid-1970s when Democrats held a majority under Supervisor John Randolph. This one-party domination, and a series of scandals, led to a tarnished reputation of local politics accorded the nickname "Crookhaven".

In 2002, a voter proposition was passed to create council districts, replacing the prior system of electing the six town council members at-large. Steve Fiore-Rosenfield became the first Democrat to be elected since the 1970s in 2003. In 2005, Brian X. Foley, a Democratic county legislator won the Town Supervisor race against Republican Councilman Edward Hennessy. In addition to Brian Foley, Constance Kepert and Carol Bissonette were also elected to the town board. As a result, the Democrats gained control of the Brookhaven town board.

Following the election of 2007, the Republican Party regained a majority on the Brookhaven Town Board, and elected Councilman Tim Mazzei as majority leader.

In 2008, Brian Foley was elected to the State Senate; he was replaced as Supervisor by Mark Lesko, a Democrat, in a special election in early 2009. However, the Republicans retained their majority on the Town Council.

Communities and locations

Villages (incorporated)

Brookhaven has eight villages:
  1. Belle Terremarker
  2. Bellportmarker
  3. Lake Grovemarker
  4. Old Fieldmarker
  5. Patchoguemarker
  6. Poquottmarker
  7. Port Jeffersonmarker
  8. Shorehammarker

Hamlets (unincorporated)

Brookhaven includes all or part of 52 hamlets. One of those hamlets is also named Brookhaven.
  1. Blue Pointmarker
  2. Brookhavenmarker
  3. Calvertonmarker (in part with the Town of Riverheadmarker)
  4. Canaan Lakemarker
  5. Center Morichesmarker
  6. Centereachmarker
  7. Cherry Grove
  8. Corammarker
  9. Crystal Brookmarker
  10. Cupsogue Beach
  11. Davis Parkmarker
  12. East Morichesmarker
  13. East Patchoguemarker
  14. East Setauketmarker
  15. East Shorehammarker
  16. Eastportmarker (in part with the Town of Southamptonmarker)
  17. Farmingvillemarker
  18. Fire Island Pinesmarker
  19. Gordon Heightsmarker
  20. Hagermanmarker
  21. Holbrookmarker (in part with the Town of Islipmarker)
  22. Holtsvillemarker (in part with the Town of Islip)
  23. Lake Ronkonkomamarker (in part with the Towns of Islip and Smithtownmarker)
  24. Manorvillemarker(Partially in the Town of Riverheadmarker)
  25. Masticmarker
  26. Mastic Beachmarker
  27. Medfordmarker
  28. Middle Islandmarker
  29. Miller Placemarker
  30. Morichesmarker
  31. Mount Sinaimarker
  32. North Bellportmarker
  33. North Patchoguemarker
  34. Ocean Bay Parkmarker
  35. Port Jefferson Stationmarker
  36. Ridgemarker
  37. Rocky Pointmarker
  38. Ronkonkomamarker (in part with the Town of Islip)
  39. Seldenmarker
  40. Setauketmarker
  41. Shirleymarker
  42. Sound Beachmarker
  43. South Havenmarker
  44. Stony Brookmarker
  45. Strongs Neckmarker
  46. Terryvillemarker
  47. Uptonmarker
  48. Wading Rivermarker (in part with the Town of Riverhead)
  49. Water Islandmarker
  50. West Manormarker
  51. Yaphankmarker

Rock Point Landing

See More

Other communities

  • Bayberry Dunes
  • Bellview Beach
  • Coram Hill
  • Crystal Brook
  • East Yaphank
  • Hallock Landing
  • Old Mastic
  • Poospatuck Reservationmarker
  • Rocky Point Landing
  • Patchogue Highlands
  • Sigfield Park
  • South Manor
  • South Medford
  • South Setauket
  • South Yaphank
  • Squassux Landing
  • Smith Point
  • Wading River Landing
  • West Yaphank
  • Woodhull Landing


  1. Brookhaven Town History, Town of Brookhaven, accessed 5 June 2009
  2. Brookhaven Elected Officials, Town of Brookhaven, accessed 5 June 2009

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