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Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), is a United States national laboratory located in Upton, New Yorkmarker on Long Islandmarker, and was formally established in 1947 at the site of Camp Uptonmarker, a former U.S. Army base. Its name stems from its location in the greater area of the Town of Brookhavenmarker.

Operation

Brookhaven, which originally was owned by the Atomic Energy Commission, is now owned by the Commission's successor, the United States Department of Energy, which subcontracts the actual research and operation to universities and research organizations. It is currently operated by Brookhaven Science Associates LLC, which is an equal partnership of Stony Brook Universitymarker and Battelle Memorial Institute. It was operated by Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI), from 1947 until 1998 when Associated lost the contract in the wake of a scandal when tritium leaked into the Long Island Central Pine Barrensmarker groundwater on which it sits.

Co-located with the laboratory is the Upton, New York forecast office of the National Weather Service.

BNL is staffed by approximately 3,000 scientists, engineers, technicians, and support personnel, and hosts 4,000 guest investigators every year. Discoveries made at the lab have won six Nobel Prizes.

The laboratory has its own police station, fire department, and postal code (11973). In total, the lab spans a area.

Major programs

Although originally conceived as a nuclear research facility, its mission has greatly expanded. Its foci are now:



Cancelled programs



Major facilities



Off site contributions

It is a contributing partner to ATLAS experimentmarker, one of the four detectors to be located at a new powerful nuclear accelerator, the Large Hadron Collidermarker (LHC). It is currently under construction near Geneva, Switzerlandmarker.

Brookhaven is also responsible for the design of the SNS accumulator ring in partnership with Spallation Neutron Sourcemarker in Oakridge, Tennesseemarker.

Visitation

The lab is open to the public on Sundays during the summer for tours and special programs, helping its connection with the surrounding community. The program is referred to as 'Summer Sundays' and takes place from mid-July to mid-August. It features, most notably, a science show and a tour of the facilities. The laboratory also hosts science fairs, science bowls, and robotics competitions for schools in the surrounding area. Per year the Lab estimates that it enhances the science education of roughly 24,000 kindergarten to 12th grade LI students, more than 100 undergraduates, and 550 teachers from across the nation.

Nobel Prizes

Nobel Prize in Physics

Nobel Prize in Chemistry

See also



References

  1. Atomic Laboratory on Long Island to Be Mighty Research Center - New York Times - March 1, 1947
  2. http://www.bnl.gov/physics/
  3. http://www.bnl.gov/bes/default.asp
  4. http://www.bnl.gov/des/
  5. http://www.bnl.gov/est/main_e.asp
  6. http://www.bnl.gov/nns/
  7. http://www.bnl.gov/ctn/
  8. http://www.biology.bnl.gov/
  9. http://www.bnl.gov/rhic/
  10. http://www.bnl.gov/cfn/
  11. http://www.nsls.bnl.gov/
  12. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/facilities/AGS.asp
  13. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/facilities/ATF.asp
  14. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/facilities/TVdG.asp
  15. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/history/nobel/nobel_57.asp
  16. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/history/nobel/nobel_76.asp
  17. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/history/nobel/nobel_80.asp
  18. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/history/nobel/nobel_88.asp
  19. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/history/nobel/nobel_02.asp
  20. http://www.bnl.gov/bnlweb/history/nobel/nobel_03.asp


External links




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