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A photograph of the NYC skyline as viewed from the Brooklyn Heights 'Promenade' in November 2008.
Brooklyn Heights is a neighborhood within the New York Citymarker borough of Brooklynmarker; originally designated through popular reference as 'Brooklyn Village', it has, since 1834, become a prominent area of the Brooklyn borough. As of 2000, the Brooklyn Heights sustained a population of 22,493 people. The neighborhood is part of Brooklyn Community Board 2. The neighborhood is served by the NYPD's 84th Precinct.

Geography

Brooklyn Heights stretches from Old Fulton Street near the Brooklyn Bridgemarker south to Atlantic Avenue and from the East Rivermarker east to Court Street and Cadman Plazamarker. Adjacent neighborhoods are: DUMBO, Downtown Brooklyn, Cobble Hill and Boerum Hill. It is directly across the East Rivermarker from Manhattan, and easily accessible to Downtown and multiple subway lines.

The neighborhood is largely composed of block after block of picturesque rowhouses and a few mansions. A great range of architectural styles are represented, including a few Federal-style houses from the early 19th century in the northern part of the neighborhood, brick Greek Revival and Gothic Revival houses, and Italianate brownstones. A number of houses, particularly along Pierrepont Street and Pierrepont Place are authentic mansions. Brooklyn Heights was the first neighborhood protected by the 1965 Landmarks Preservation Law of New York Citymarker. Plymouth Church of the Pilgrimsmarker is in Brooklyn Heights.

History

Brooklyn Heights in 1854
Brooklyn Heights occupies a bluff that rises sharply from the river's edge and gradually recedes on the landward side. Before the Dutch settled on Long Islandmarker in the middle of the seventeenth century, this promontory was called Ihpetonga ("the high sandy bank") by the native Lenape Native Americans.

The area was heavily fortified prior to the largest battle of the American Revolutionary War - The Battle of Long Island (also known as The Battle of Brooklyn). After British troops landed on Long Island and advanced towards Continental Army lines, General George Washington withdrew his troops here after heavy losses, but was able to make a skillful retreat across the East Rivermarker to Manhattanmarker without the loss of any troops or his remaining supplies.

This part of the Town of Brooklyn, west of the long-settled old Village of Brooklyn, became New York's first commuter town in the early 19th century when a new steam ferry service provided reliable service to Wall Street.

The executive offices of the Brooklyn Dodgers were, for many years, located in the Heights, near the intersection of Montague and Court Streets. A plaque on the office building that replaced the Dodgers' old headquarters identifies it as the site where Jackie Robinson signed his major league contract.

the Brooklyn Heights Promenade
The Promenade, actually an esplanade, cantilevered over the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway (BQE) is a favorite spot among locals, offering magnificent vistas of the Statue of Libertymarker, the Manhattan skyline across the East Rivermarker, as well as views of the Brooklyn Bridgemarker and the Manhattan Bridgemarker. It is a popular tourist destination for the Macy'smarker July 4 fireworks, and for the unobstructed views of the skyline. Robert Moses originally proposed to build the BQE through the heart of Brooklyn Heights. Opposition to this plan led to the designation of the Brooklyn Heights Historic District as a historic district on November 23, 1965 - the first such district in New York City, and the re-routing of the expressway to the side of the bluff, allowing creation of the Promenade.
150 - 159 Willow Street, three original red brick early 19th century Federal Style Houses


Brooklyn Heights, being a historic district has very few high-rise buildings. Among these buildings are 75 Livingston Street, Hotel St. George, the Concord Village co-op development on Adams Street (though that is considered Downtown Brooklyn by some), and the Montague-Court Building. The sparseness of high-rise buildings creates a small-town atmosphere.

Situated so close to the foot of Manhattanmarker, Brooklyn Heights is serviced by numerous subway lines, specifically the A, C, F, M, R, 2, 3, 4, and 5.

Jehovah's Witnesses have their world headquarters in the north heights just north of the BQE, and have a pronounced presence in the area. The organization has restored a number of historic buildings to house their staff, including the former Bossert Hotel, once the seasonal home of many Dodgers players, on Montague Street.

Saint Francis Collegemarker, founded in 1858 by the Franciscan Brothers on Baltic Street, moved to its current location on Remsen Street in 1960. It was the first private boys' school in the Brooklyn Catholic diocese, and later became a college in 1885.

Brooklyn Heights architecture


Notable residents

Famous residents over the years have included: The area is also the main setting of The Cosby Show, where the Huxtable family resides in a two-story brownstone at 10 Stigwood Avenue.The 1960's TV show The Patty Duke Show was set at 8 Remsen Pl, Brooklyn Heights.

Adjacent Brooklyn Neighborhoods

Northwest: Brooklyn Bridge Parkmarker
North: Fulton Ferry Northeast: DUMBO, Brooklyn, Vinegar Hillmarker
West: Brooklyn Bridge Parkmarker Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn East: Downtown Brooklyn
Southwest: Brooklyn Bridge Parkmarker
South: Cobble Hill Southeast: Boerum Hill


See also



Notes

References

  • Debby Applegate, The Most Famous Man in America: The Biography of Henry Ward Beecher. Doubleday, 2006.
  • Truman Capote, A House In the Heights, with a new introduction by George Plimpton. Little Bookroom, 2002.
  • Clay Lancaster, Old Brooklyn Heights: New York's First Suburb. Dover Books, 1979.
  • Sherill Tippins, February House: The Story of W.H. Auden, Carson McCullers, Jane and Paul Bowles, Benjamin Britten, and Gypsy Rose Lee, Under One Roof in Wartime America. Houghton Mifflin, 2005.




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