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Buchanan is a city in Berrien Countymarker in the U.S. state of Michiganmarker. The population was 4,681 at the 2000 census. The city is located at the southeast corner of Buchanan Townshipmarker, about 5 miles (8 km) west of Nilesmarker. Popularly known as "Redbud City" because of the many redbud trees that have historically lined city streets and the major approaches to the city, Buchanan has long been recognized as a Tree City USA by the National Arbor Day Foundation.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.4 km²), of which 2.4 square miles (6.2 km²) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) (2.83%) is water.

Demographics

As of the 2000 census , there were 4,681 people, 1,915 households, and 1,191 families in the city. The population density was 1,950.8 per square mile (753.1/km²). There were 2,098 housing units, for an average density of 874.3/sq mi (337.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.26% White, 10.23% African American, 1.92% multiracial, 0.60% other races, 0.51% Asian, and 0.47% Native American. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.84% of the population.

There were 1,915 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.05.

The age structure was diffuse: 25.6% were under the age of 18, 9.6% were 18-24, 29.0% were 25-44, 21.3% were 45-64, and 14.5% were 65 or older. The median age was 35. Sex ratio was skewed toward females, with 87.5 males for every 100 females of all ages and 83.1 males for every 100 females 18 years or older.

Median income was $34,244 for a household and $43,860 for a family. Males had a median income of $32,950 versus $21,857 for females. Per capita income was $16,600. About 10.9% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.7% of those younger than 18 and 10.7% of those older than 64.

History

The St. Joseph River was once a major transportation route for Native American tribes in the area, especially the Potawatomi, and a historical marker to that effect has been placed on Moccasin Trail north of Buchanan near Batchelors Island.

The City of Buchanan was settled in 1833 at the spot where McCoy Creek meets the St. Joseph River.

Buchanan was historically known as the headquarters for Clark Equipment Company, a manufacturer of truck axles, fork lift trucks, front-end loaders, and other heavy machinery, until that company left the area in the 1990s. This departure forced the city to diversify and a number of smaller businesses took over the buildings Clark essentially donated to the city.

Electro-Voice, a manufacturer of high quality audio equipment such as microphones, amplifiers and loudspeakers, was also headquartered in Buchanan.

On April 12, 1979, farms, houses and mobile homes just north of the city were damaged by an F2 tornado. No lives were lost but several residences sustained significant damage.

Attractions

Pears Mill, a flour mill using the water power of the swiftly flowing McCoy Creek, was built in 1857 and still stands. It is open during the summer for visitors.

The Tin Shop Theatre, located near Pears Mill, is a small theater with performances in the summer. The seasons run into September and a variety of shows for everyone of any age and any occasion are performed there.

Many other attractions are located in surrounding Buchanan Townshipmarker.

Transportation

Buchanan is located 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north of US 12, 2.3 miles (3.7 km) west of US 31, 9.3 miles (15.0 km) north of the US 31 interchange of the Indiana Toll Road (Interstate 90), and 20 miles (32.2 km) east of Interstate 94 (Exit 4 via US 12).

The nearest rail hubs are the Amtrak stations at Nilesmarker and New Buffalomarker, and the South Shore Line station in South Bend, Indianamarker.

Commercial air service is provided by the South Bend Regional Airportmarker, with flights to larger hubs such as Atlantamarker, Chicago O’Haremarker, Cincinnatimarker, Clevelandmarker, Detroitmarker, Las Vegasmarker, Minneapolis-St. Paulmarker, Orlandomarker, and St. Petersburg-Clearwatermarker.

Schools

Buchanan consists of three elementary schools, Ottawa, Stark, and Moccasin (grades K-5), with Ottawa and Moccasin making up most of the elementary age students. Buchanan also features one middle school (grades 6-8) and Buchanan High School, currently a Class B school in terms of student population (and, therefore, athletic participation). Known as the Bucks, BHS has a strong reputation for success in high school sports, namely their Men's tennis program, which has qualified for the MHSAA state championship every year for the past 17 years. They were state champions in basketball in 1976 and 1978, baseball in 1985 and 1999, Women's Basketball in 1990, Men's Track & Field in 1999, and tennis in 2003.

Notable residents



References



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