Buckeye is a town in
County, Arizona, United States, in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area.
According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the
town was 29,615. In July 2007, Forbes
ranked Buckeye as the 2nd-fastest growing
municipality in the United States, having had its population grow
by nearly 192% between 2000 and 2006.
Buckeye is located at (33.370520, -112.590899) .
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the town has a total area of
145.8 square miles (377.5 km²), all of it land.
At its widest points, the town's planning area extends 48 miles
from north to south and 24 miles east to west. It borders the
planning areas of Wickenburg to the north; Surprise, Glendale, and
Goodyear to the east;
Bend to the south. To the west is the
unincorporated area known as Tonopah.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 6,537
people, 2,158 households, and 1,624 families residing in the town.
The population density
people per square mile (17.3/km²). There were 2,344 housing units
at an average density of 16.1/sq mi (6.2/km²). The racial
makeup of the town was 72.54% White
, 3.37% Black
or African American
, 1.71% Native American
, 0.44% Asian
, 0.08% Pacific Islander
, 19.34% from
, and 2.52%
from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 36.65%
of the population.
There were 2,158 households out of which 42.8% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples
living together, 15.7% had a female
householder with no husband present, and 24.7% were non-families.
20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.47.
In the town the population was spread out with 33.8% under the age
of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to
64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was
30 years. For every 100 females there were 101.8 males. For every
100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $35,383, and the
median income for a family was $39,194. Males had a median income
of $32,357 versus $24,901 for females. The per capita income
for the town was
$15,627. About 16.2% of families and 18.8% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 27.6%
of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.
The original Buckeye was built around downtown's main street,
Monroe Avenue. The first neighborhoods spread out from Monroe
Avenue along First through Tenth streets and other cross
In the mid-twentieth century, the Valencia neighborhood was built
just north of downtown, centering upon Baseline Road and Fourth
The biggest waves of development began in the early twenty-first
century, with the Town's first master-planned community, Sundance.
This neighborhood is located in general vicinity of the
intersection of Yuma and Watson roads near Interstate 10. Sundance Towne Center
is located here
and is the first of several large shopping centers to be built in
Second came Verrado
, a master-planned
community located along Verrado Way north of Interstate 10. This
style development is
highly regarded around the Phoenix area and across the United
States. Nearby is the planned Buckeye Parkway Center
Buckeye developers are laying seed for 22 approved master planned
communities that are planne Buckeye. Two other projects are in the
works would be even larger than Tartesso in Buckeye, The first one
, 25 miles north of
downtown Buckeye. Developers predict it will take 25 to 50 years to
complete Douglass Ranch, which will encompass nearly 40,000 acres.
The community could have 100,000 homes and between 250,000 and
300,000 residents. The second project, Sun Valley Communities
, in the
northern section of Sun Valley Parkway, will have up to four
villages across about 13,000 acres.
A few of
the many other master-planned communities currently under
development are Tartesso, Sun Valley, Sun City Festival, and Spurlock Ranch,
all located along the Sun Valley
Parkway north of Interstate 10.
The community of
WestPark is another growing development northwest of downtown
Buckeye, where WestPark Elementary is located.
Many other smaller subdivisions are part of the town as well.
Due to the
amount of land that the town has annexed
or plans to annex (up to 600 square miles), the population may
increase to over that of the current population of Phoenix
itself. Buckeye is projected to expand to over
380,000 residents by 2030, with some projections giving the city
some two million inhabitants by 2050, which would make it the
largest suburb in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area and
possibly the United States, surpassing Mesa which, by
that time, will have been built out completely.
A popular recreation destination in Buckeye is the Buckeye Hills
Recreation Area. It is located 7 miles south of downtown Buckeye on
State Route 85
marker 144). It contains camping, picnic areas, hiking trails, and
a shooting range. The recreation area is part of the Maricopa
County Regional Park program, while the shooting range is managed
by the Buckeye Sportsman Club.
Buckeye Schools serve K-12 students as part of the Saddle Mountain Unified
The town is actively working with higher education institutions to
determine suitable locations for future campuses. Currently,
Estrella Mountain Community College owns land in Buckeye and will
look to add a campus in the future.
master plan community
will have a university.
Although the town covers a large area, Buckeye has no mass transit
system. The town is actively
involved in the discussions and planning of future transportation
for the community. The discussions includes a broad range of items
from new freeways to possible light rail corridors and expanded bus
service. Traditionally, Arizona has been slow to focus on mass
transit systems, but this is definitely a priority for all
communities and especially the west valley.
local aviation needs are served by Buckeye Municipal Airport
(ICAO identifier KBXK), which is owned and operated by
the town government.
The uncontrolled airport has one
asphalt runway measuring 5000 x 75 feet, although an expansion
program (adding another runway, several hangars, and associated
facilities) is in place.
Buckeye is served by all major Phoenix media in radio, television,
and print. There are several more-localized newspapers including
the Buckeye Sun
, West Valley View
, Arizona Republic
's Southwest Valley
edition, and the Buckeye Valley News.
In 2007, the book Buckeye
was published by author Verlyne
Meck, a lifelong resident of the Buckeye Valley. Featuring over 230
photographs and utilizing the testimonies and memories of other
longtime residents and the archives of Buckeye Union High School
and Buckeye Valley Museum, Buckeye
tells the story of this
desert town as it strives to retain its past amid the changes
emerging around it as Arizona's Biggest Small Town.
National media coverage
In 2008, Buckeye was featured on The NewsHour with Jim
as part of a weeklong series entitled "Blueprint
America." The piece sought to highlight the challenges posed by
- Woolsey, Matt. - "America's Fastest-Growing Suburbs". -
Forbes. - July
- America in Gridlock: Nowhere to Grow,