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Buckingham is a constituency represented in the House of Commonsmarker of the Parliament of the United Kingdommarker. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Boundaries

The constituency takes up a large part of central Buckinghamshire, covering much of the Aylesbury Valemarker district including the town of Buckinghammarker. To the north, the remaining part of ceremonial Buckinghamshire forms two Borough of Milton Keynesmarker constituencies (Milton Keynes South Westmarker and Milton Keynes North Eastmarker).

Boundary review

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Buckinghamshire, the Boundary Commission for England has made minor changes to the existing Buckingham seat which will come into effect at the next general election. The electoral wards forming the modified constituency are:
  • (from Aylesbury Vale district) Bierton, Brill, Buckingham North, Buckingham South, Cheddington, Edlesborough, Great Brickhill, Great Horwood, Grendon Underwood, Haddenham, Long Crendon, Luffield Abbey, Marsh Gibbon, Newton Longville, Pitstone, Quainton, Steeple Claydon, Stewkley, Tingewick, Waddesdon, Weedon, Wing, Wingrave, Winslow;
  • (from Wycombemarker district) Icknield and The Risboroughs.


History

There has been a Buckingham constituency since 1542. In the twentieth century, the constituency was held by the Conservative Party for most of the time. However, the Labour Party held Buckingham from 1945 until 1951 and again from 1964 until 1970, when its MP was the controversial publisher Robert Maxwell.

Prior to 1983, the new town of Milton Keynes was in the Buckingham constituency, until it had expanded substantially enough to merit a seat of its own. The sitting Buckingham MP William Benyon moved to the new Milton Keynes constituency, and was succeeded in Buckingham by George Walden. Walden retired in 1997, and John Bercow has held the seat since then. In 2009, Bercow was elected as Speaker of the House of Commons following the resignation of Michael Martin.

At the 2005 general election, this constituency had the Conservatives' highest numerical majority, although the percentage majority was higher in Kensington and Chelsea in Londonmarker and Richmondmarker in North Yorkshire.

Members of Parliament

  • Constituency created (1542)


MPs 1660-1868

Year First member First party Second member Second party
1660 John Dormer Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Bt.
1661 William Smith
February 1679 Viscount Latimer Sir Peter Tyrrell, 1st Bt.
August 1679 Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Bt.
1681 Sir Ralph Verney, 1st Bt.
1690 Alexander Denton
1697 Sir Richard Temple, 4th Bt. Whig
1698 Sir Edmund Denton
1702 Roger Price
May 1705 Sir Richard Temple, 4th Bt. Whig
December 1705 Browne Willis
1708 Sir Richard Temple, 4th Bt. Whig Alexander Denton
1710 Thomas Chapman
1713 John Radcliffe
1715 Alexander Denton Abraham Stanyan
1718 Edmund Halsey
March 1722 Richard Grenville
October 1722 William Heathcote
March 1727 John Fane
August 1727 Thomas Lewis
1728 George Chamberlayne
1734 Richard Grenville
1741 George Grenville Whig
1747 Richard Grenville
1753 Temple West
1754 James Grenville
1768 Henry Grenville
1770 James Grenville
1774 Richard Grenville
1780 Richard Aldworth-Neville
1782 William Grenville Whig
1784 Charles Edmund Nugent
June 1790 George Nugent
December 1790 The Lord Bridport
1796 Thomas Grenville
1802 Lord Proby
1805 Lord Proby
August 1806 Earl Percy Tory
November 1806 Sir William Young, 2nd Bt.
March 1807 Sir John Borlase Warren, 1st Bt.
May 1807 Hon. Richard Griffin
1810 Lord George Grenville Liberal
1812 Viscount Ebrington Whig William Henry Fremantle
1814 James Hamilton Stanhope
1818 Sir George Nugent, 1st Bt.
1827 Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle, 1st Bt. Conservative
1832 Sir Harry Verney Liberal
1841 Sir John Chetwode, 4th Bt.
January 1846 John Hall
February 1846 Marquess of Chandos Conservative
1857 Sir Harry Verney Liberal
1859 John Gellibrand Hubbard Conservative
1868 Representation reduced to one member


MPs 1868-present

Election Member Party
1868 Sir Harry Verney Liberal
1874 Egerton Hubbard Conservative
1880 Sir Harry Verney Liberal
1885 Edmund Hope Verney Liberal
1886 Egerton Hubbard Conservative
1889 Edmund Hope Verney (expelled) Liberal
1891 Herbert Samuel Leon
1895 William Walter Carlile
1906 Frederick William Verney
1910 Sir Harry Verney Liberal
1918 George Wentworth Bowyer Conservative
1937 John Percival Whiteley Conservative
1943 Lionel Berry Conservative
1945 Aidan Crawley Labour
1951 Frank Markham Conservative
1964 Robert Maxwell Labour
1970 William Benyon Conservative
1983 George Walden Conservative
1997 John Bercow Conservative
2009 Speaker


Election results

2000s

1930s

References



Bibliography



See also




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