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or was (since 1802 and as trademark officially since 1899) the name for the beer and the administration of the " " (German for "Civic Brewhouse Budweis"), which in 1795 was founded by the German-speaking burghers of the Bohemian city of Budweismarker in the Kingdom of Bohemia). In 1894, the official company name was " ".

As early as 1875, beer was being exported to the United Statesmarker where Budweiser (like Pilsner) was already being copied by local brewers like Anheuser-Buschmarker. In 1895, when Budweiser Bürgerbräu became official court supplier to the King of Württemberg, the growing Czech population founded local competition as a joint stock company, today called Budějovický Budvar. In the Budweiser trademark dispute, the three companies divided the rights to use the name, with the Europe-based companies giving up the Northern American rights to Budweiser.

Bohemia constituted part of the new Republic of Czechoslovakiamarker founded following the break up of the Habsburg Empire at the end of World War I in 1918. In 1945, all Germans were expelled both breweries expropriated. The German-sounding names of the company and its products were not welcome, and all rights had to be dropped or were otherwise lost, with beer being sold as "Crystal" or "Samson". Accordingly in 1960 and 1989 the company was renamed, to "První budějovický pivovar Samson" (First Budweiser brewery Samson).

After the fall of communism, the company owned rights to "Crystal", "Czech Beer Crystal", "Biere Tcheque Crystal" and "Samson", but soon reacquired national naming rights and international Protected Geographical Indication, in 1991 to " " and " ", and in 1993 to " ", " ", "Biere de Budweis" and "Budweis Beer".

Since July 2001 the company is called (Budweiser citizens brewery), which corresponds to the original German name. The company uses German naming like " " also in Czech and English context, also stating that the hops comes from the "Czech city of Saaz (Zatec)" despite this city also has an old Czech name (Žatecmarker).

Since 2005, due to the legal situation, the brewery offers its beer in the USA as "B.B. Bürgerbräu - since 1795", described as "Budweis City Bier"
rather than "Budweiser beer".


Brands

Except for the USA, where it has to be sold as "B. B. Bürgerbräu", the company marks its beers with "Budweiser Bier" (in German).Since 2007 they have sold 1795 Budweiser under the name Boheme 1795 in the UK through Tescomarker supermarkets.

  • B.B. Budweiser Bier
  • 1795 Budweiser Bier
  • Boheme 1795 (Uk branding)
  • Samson Budweiser Bier
  • Pito Budweiser Bier (alcohol free)
  • Dianello Budweiser Bier (low sugar)


References

  1. Centuries-old 'Budweiser Bier' heading for St Louis to take on American giant - 22-08-2005 13:02 UTC - Radio Prague
  2. On 10.8.1899 the trademark " " was also registered. http://www.budweiser1795.com/index.php?s=2&a=1&l=2
  3. Budějovický měšťanský pivovar, Budweiser Bier - History
  4. Both Budweis breweries had given up their rights to use trading and geographical marks Budweiser, Budweis and others for the territory of Northern America. - http://www.budweiser1795.com/index.php?s=2&a=1&l=2
  5. After the Communists nationalised the brewery in 1948, it was pressured into giving up trademark rights and into adopting less German-sounding names for its products, like Samson and Crystal. … it was also told to reduce the alcohol content for these new "workers' brews." - http://www.radio.cz/en/article/69857
  6. Budějovický měšťanský pivovar, Budweiser Bier - B.B. Originál světlý ležák Budweiser Bier
  7. Budějovický měšťanský pivovar, Budweiser Bier - Products
  8. The Traditional Brewing of B.B. Bürgerbräu With a brewing tradition that dates back 740 years, the Czech Budweis City is known as the Mecca of lager beers with beer enthusiasts around the world making pilgrimages to this birthplace of beer. As the first and original lager of the city, B.B. Bürgerbräu is also the best. Brewed in accordance with the Reinheitsgebot of 1516, its excellence is attributed to an ideal confluence of factors: The Water. The artesian wells below the City contain extremely soft water, which has been described as perfect for brewing lager beer. As water comprises 90 - 95% of the beer, this is the most important ingredient, and gives the beer a clean “mouth feel” or “quaffability”. The Hops. The Czech city of Saaz (“Zatec”) grows the finest hops in the world. They give the beer a distinct floral aroma and pleasant bitterness. The Malt. Locally grown barley is produced into malt at the Brewery’s own malt house, giving the Brewmaster better control on the quality of the malt used for brewing. The Yeast. Developed over the past 150 years, the yeast strains are also perfect for fermenting the beer. The Process- modern technology fused with time-honored methods, such as the open vat fermenters still used for B.B. Brand 60 day lagering periods (4 times longer than most international lagers). These processes contribute to a more rounded and tastier brew. The Demand. The people of the Czech Republic drink more beer per person than any other country in the world by far and beer is an integral part of their culture. They continuously set the highest standards for the quality of their national drink. - http://www.bbburgerbrau.com/ The Beer
  9. B.B. Bürgerbräu - Experience the Best of Europe. The First Budweis City Bier. Imported from Historical Budweis, Bohemia, Czech Republic. Superb lager brewed in the traditional fashion. Inspiring the world since 1795. B.B. Bürgerbräu is the historical lager beer brewed at the same location with the same ingredients, recipe and brewing process of the 1850's. It is this very beer and brewery from Czech Budweis City that was emulated by major American breweries of the 19th century. Enjoy the True Original In 1795, in the city of Budweis in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a cooperative of German and Czech Brewers formed the organization “Burgerliches Brauhaus Budweis” and began to brew a very special beer. In the 1800s, it was this very B.B. Bürgerbräu (or “Citizens Beer”) that drew such worldwide acclaim that numerous breweries from the United States adopted their name as a style of beer and emulated their taste, quality and brewing process. This original brewery now called Budejovicky Mestansky Pivovar is by far the oldest in this famous city known today as Ceske Budejovice. It has survived revolutions, two World Wars, a Nazi occupation, a Communist takeover, a complicated restitution, a devastating flood and ubiquitous trademark disputes. Having its domestic trademark rights restored by the Czech government and its quality and origin affirmed by the European Union’s rare Protected Geographical Indication, this historical Budejovicke Pivo (“Beer from Czech Budweis City”) is being brewed once again in the same Brewery with the same ingredients, recipe and extended brewing process that made it the benchmark 150 years ago. - http://www.bbburgerbrau.com/ Home
  10. "We're not calling the beer 'Budweiser' for this country [USA], we're calling it 'BB Burgerbrau,' but what we are able to say is that it is from the Czech city of Budweis. And we're not using so much the term Ceske Budejovice -- for two reasons; one, that most people refer to the city as Budweis and secondly, most Americans can't pronounce Ceske Budejovice." - http://www.radio.cz/en/article/69857
  11. Boak and Bailey's UK beer blog


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