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The Buenos Aires Metro (locally known as Subte - from "subterráneo" -underground or subterranean-) is a mass-transit system that serves the city of Buenos Airesmarker, Argentinamarker. The first station of this network was inaugurated in 1913, being the first of its kind in Latin America and in the entire Southern Hemispheremarker. The network expanded rapidly during the early decades of the 20th century, but the pace of expansion fell sharply after the years following the Second World War. Towards at the end of 1990 began a new process of expanding, with the planning of four new lines.

At the present, Buenos Airesmarker is the only Argentine city with a metro system, nonetheless there is a project to build an underground system in the city of Córdobamarker (Córdoba Metro) which would make it the second metro system in Argentina


Old Line A Station entrance on Avenida de Mayo
The first station was opened on 1 December 1913 making it the oldest metro system in Latin America, the Southern Hemispheremarker, and the entire Spanish-speaking world. It grew rapidly in the early part of the twentieth century, but work on extending the network stagnated in the years following World War II. Initially managed by three different companies (Line A was managed by Anglo-Argentine Tramway Company, Line B by Lacroze Hnos. y Cia. and Lines C, D and E by CHADOP y F - Hispano-Argentine Company of Public Works and Finances-), the entire network was centralised and nationalised during the late 1930s under the management of the Transport Corporation of Buenos Aires (CTBA), which in 1952 was absorbed by the Buenos Aires Transport General Administration (AGTBA). In 1963 the administration was dissolved and the subway network became the property of the Subterráneos de Buenos Aires (SBA) company (later SBASE). In 1994 the service was privatised and is now managed by Metrovías S.A. with the stations remaining the property of SBASE.

Current Network

Former logo of Subterráneos de Buenos Aires
Current metro lines.
Callao Station on Line B
Leandro N Alem Station entrance on Line B
The network comprises six underground lines, labelled "A" to "E" and "H" and which are further identified by different colours, covering a total track length of 52 km. There is also one surface PreMetro E2 light rail line. Daily ridership is 1.7 million and on the increase. With the current usage patterns, the entire system is overstretched, and during weekdays overcrowded and with insufficient services. An expansion program is planned, and it is expected to enlarge the network to 97 km by 2011.

Fares are cheap (ARS 1.10 (around USD 0.31) and are in fact cheaper than the city buses. While tokens have been used in the past, at present, riders purchase either single-use or multi-use cards (called SubtePass) with a magnetic strip or use Contactless cards called Monedero which can be rechargeable with cash or linked to a bank account for automatic debit. Trains run from 5:00 until 22:45, every 3-6 minutes.

Buenos Aires Metro Lines
Line Colour Date opening Original path Current termini Length /km Number of stations Daily passengers
Line A Light Blue 1913 Plaza de Mayo-Plaza Miserere Plaza de Mayo-Carabobo 8.5 16 190,000
Line B Red 1930 Federico Lacroze-Callao L. N. Alem-de Los Incas/Parque Chas 10.2 15 345,000
Line C Blue 1934 Plaza Constitución-Diagonal Norte Plaza Constitución-Retiro 4.5 9 278,000
Line D Green 1937 Catedral-Tribunales Catedral-Congreso de Tucumán 11.0 16 385,000
Line E Purple 1944 Plaza Constitución-Gral. Urquiza Plaza de los Virreyes-Bolívar 9.6 15 104,000
Line F* Maroon No official opening date Plaza Constitución-Plaza Italia** * 8.6** 13** *
Line G* Orange No official opening date Retiro-Cid Campeador** * 7.3** 11** *
Line H Yellow 2007 Once-Caseros Once-Caseros 3.4 5 10,000
Line I* Gold No official opening date Plaza Italia-Parque Chacabuco** * 6.6** 9** *
* Planned lines** Anexo I from the law 670.

Map of Premetro light rail

Cultural Heritage

The Buenos Aires Metro has been historically characterized by the presence of murals and other artistic works in its stations, constituting a true museum throughout its entire system. This work and a number of stations themselves are considered part of the cultural patrimony of the city and several of them were declared National Historic Landmarks in 1997.thumb|200px| System of [[Buenos Aires Metro]] with A, B, H y E lines complete

In popular culture

The metro is featured in the 1996 science fiction film Moebius directed by Gustavo Mosquera. In the film, the circumstances surrounding the disappearance of a metro train are investigated by a topologist. The film is based upon the short story, "A Subway Named Möbius" that takes place in the Boston Subway.

PreMetro light rail

::Main article: PreMetro
thumb|200px|Future system of [[Buenos Aires Metro]] with lines A, B, H and E complete


  1. Diario La Voz Del Interior
  2. Buenos Aires Metro Extensions
  3. Historical National Monuments (Spanish)
  4. "A subway named Möbius"

See also

External links

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