Buner Valley lies north east of the Peshawar valley
border of the North-West Frontier Province in Pakistan.
is a mountain valley, dotted with villages and divided into seven
sub-divisions. The Mora Hills and the Ilam range divide it from Swat, the Sinawar
range from Yusafzai, the Guru mountains from the Chamla valley, and
the Duma range from the Puran Valley.
It is inhabited by the Salarzai
divisions of the Pashtun tribe, who
are named after their region i.e. Bunerwals and also Ashizii.They
all are sub-tribes of the Yousafzai
(Pukhtoon Tribe which are migrated from Afghanistan to
Pakistan).Other minority tribes includes those of the Gujars,
, and Hazaras
Buner is very rich in marble and has more than 290 Marble
Wheat, tobacco and corn. Not 600 marble factories but only 290
factories are there.
Buner is very rich in forestry and produces trees that are used in
Sub Tribes of Yousafzee
Village Kinger Gali is one of the 10 villages of Salarzai tribe,
situated at an important location conterminous to the village of
Sangao of Mardan District and Bazdara of Malakand Agency. The
prominent sub-tribes are Karra Khel, further divided in Jugi Khel,
Aziz Khel, Alladad Khel, Mahmood Khel and Lamghani (Laghmani), and
Dallo Khel. True to their Pathan characteristics, they value
hospitality, bravery and honour. Observing Islamic religious
values, upholding tribal traditions and customs is their trait of
life but they are equally mild-natured, enterprising, open-minded,
outward looking, accommodative and peace-loving. Their economic
conditions are heavily dependent on foreign remittances of family
earning hands settled in large numbers in Karachi, Middle East and
other countries. Historically, agriculture is the primary
occupation of the people but having no proper irrigation system
they are at the mercy of seasonal rains, and so it is a kind of
disguised employment. Nawab Amir Muhammad Khan of Tonk state in
India was a native of Alladad Khel tribe of this village, whom they
Bampokha is very famous for its various kinds of precious marbles.
Marble Industry can generate lot of revenue provided the Government
takes certain steps as listed below:
- Provision of latest machinery so that to standardize the
extraction process of marble (raw material). Then our
Industrialists would be able to export the marble products to the
- To import the refining and polishing machinery currently
monopolized by a few industrialized nations and setting them up in
country so that the materials can be polished on site.
- Marble city should be established with stable electricity so
resolve the current power failure problems.
- Approach the Italian government and World Trade Organization to
stop the mislabelling of Pakistani origin marble as being labelled
from other countries like Italy.
- The establishment of polytechnical centres to help local people
in better managing the affairs of the local Marble industry and
training them to operate the more advanced machinery needed to
refine the marble.
The inhabitants of the village of Nanner are tribe Khan Gali and
Mastkhel. Both of Khan Gali and Mastkhel are famous for their
furious nature. They were great warriors in the time of tribal age
called the Pukhto age. Nanser is famous for games like cricket and
specially mookha. They are very famous for their hospitality nature
being pukhtoons. Nanser is famous for its tourist spot Bakhai where
many springs do spring throughout the year. The greenery and
forests of Bakhai give it further beauty.
Mastkhel are further divided into tribes of Ranra Khel, Zenoor Khel
and Manawar Khel. The population of Nanser is about 2500 with 260
houses. The hujra system is still alive in the village.
Nanser is rich in its marble resources. It is specially famous for
its black marble.
Katkala is the last village of the sub tribe Salarzee. It is
bordered with AshayZee subtribe and has close relations with
AshayZee sub tribe and GadayZee subtribe. It is the greenest part
of the Salarzee subtribe, and has a population of about 4000
persons with One High School known as Government High School Katkal
established in 1928, one girls middle school, One primary school
and one private English medium school.
Unlike other villages of Salarzee. the people of Katkala don't play
Mokha which is a local popular game. They are very good in cricket,
and in hunting.
Jowar Chawak is one of the 10 villages of Salarzai tribe, situated
at an important location village Swat and peer Baba. Divided in Ali
Khan Khail, Dohail, Qambo Khail and Alishar Khail. True to their
Pathan characteristics, they value hospitality, bravery and honour.
Observing Islamic religious values, upholding tribal traditions and
customs is their trait of life but they are equally mild-natured,
enterprising, open-minded, outward looking, accommodative and
peace-loving. Their economic conditions are heavily dependent on
foreign remittances of family earning hands settled in large
numbers in Karachi, Middle East and other countries. Historically,
agriculture is primary occupation of the people but having no
proper irrigation system and at the mercy of seasonal rains, it is
a kind of disguised employment.
Bazargay lies in the center of Salarzai tribe. It is surrounded by
beautiful natural views. The main Mingora-Sawari National Highway
goes in the center of Bazargay. It is the only village in Salarzai
tribe which is situated in a vast open area, other all villages of
Salarzai are situated in mountains or very near to mountains. The
people of Bazargay are very hospitable, religious, hardworking,
brave and Peace-loving. Observing Islamic religious values,
upholding tribal traditions and customs is their trait of life but
they are equally mild-natured, enterprising, open-minded, outward
looking, accommodative and peace-loving.They are divided in 2 main
prominent sub-tribes 1)Pitaw Khail
, Akbar Khail
) 2) Soori Khail
.The Mukha-team of Bazargay is
well-known and the only one which has many records in this field
and also has above 12 Mukah-Cups. ("Mukha" the traditional Sport of
Pukhtoon Nation). Their economic conditions are heavily dependent
on foreign remittances of family earning hands settled in large
numbers in Karachi, Middle East and other countries. Historically,
agriculture is primary occupation. The hujra system is still alive
in the village. Bazargay is rich in its marble resources.
Leagani is a village in Buner valley, situated at the bottom of the
Elam mountain. Karakar is a part of this village. This village is
the boundary wall between Swat and Buner, serving as the gateway to
It is the side and small village of buner near 4 km to south
bampokha. It is historical hundreds of years old. The village
occupied by hills on three sides; only one side is open to bamokha
side. After this village come choor banda and sar banda and darraha
7 km long.
In the heart of Pir Baba valley on the east of elum mountains in
Pacha Kalay town lies the beautiful mausoleum of Hazarat Pir Baba
R.A. along with his second son Hazarat Syed Mustafa Shah Tirmizi
R.A. [Who was un-married] His elder son was Hazarat Syed Habibullah
Shah Tirmizi R.A. whose mausoleum is in Kunar Afghanistan] Pir
Baba's mausoleum is where people from every corner come to pay
their homage to the respected saint and ask for blessings round the
year. It has a green tomb as found in the mausoleums of many Muslim
saints. The stream started by Hazarat Pir Baba R.A. is flowing with
water until date and people are using it. Hazarat Pir Baba first
went to [India] from [Termez -Afghanistan] for preaching of Islam
along with his Respected Father Syed Qanbar Ali Shah who was in the
Army of Babar, then he moved from Delhi to Punjab to Ajmer and then
to Buner [Kohistan] on advise of his Pir-o-Murshed Hazarat Salaar
Roomi R.A. and later after death of Hazarat Salaar Roomi R.A. at
Ajmer by his son Sheik Hussain R.A. to preach Islam and wipe out
the anti-Islam teaching propagated by the Roshaniya sect their.
Hazarat Pir Baba R.A. guided his favourite disciple and Khalifa
"Hazarat Abdul Rasheed alias Akhund Darweza R.A. who is buried in
grave at Hazarkhwani Graveyard, Peshawar", Deewana Baba R.A.
[Hazarat Maulana Saleh Akauzi] who is buried at Deweena Baba a
village named after him in Gagra area and others and they took the
special task of uprooting of the heretical anti-Islamic Roshaniya
sect which flourished in Kohistan and the sourounding areas.
Hazarat Pir Baba R.A. was married to "Respected Bibi" sister of
Daulat Khan a respected person of Buner. Syed Mohammed Ibrahim Shah
alias Hisar Baba was also one of the Khalifa of Hazarat Pir Baba
R.A., Hazarat Pir Baba's descendants wielded great influence among
the Pathan tribesmen, and three centuries later Hazarat Syed Akbar
Shah R.A. [Born in 1793] provided a rallying point against the
Sikhs and the British during the Anglo-Afghan Wars. 11th of May
1857 [Christian Calendar Year] this was the day on which
Mujahed-e-Islam Hazarat Syed Akbar Shah R.A. left this world to
meet the Creator in the heavens. Incidentally, news of the War of
Independence reached Peshawar on this day. The British Commissioner
of Peshawar at that time commented upon the death of Hazarat Syed
Akbar Shah R.A. that, "If he were alive by this time, than the
political scenario of the Frontier would have been much
different."Hazarat Pir Baba R.A. elder son's Hazarat Syed
Habibullah Shah Tirmizi R.A. mausoleum is in Kunar Afghanistan. The
three sons of Hazarat Syed Habibullah Shah Tirmizi R.A. were 1.
Hazarat Syed Mian Abdullah Shah Tirmizi [R.A.] buried at
Shal-Bandey-Buner. 2. Hazarat Syed Mian Qassim Shah Tirmizi [R.A.]
buried at Pir Kaley Matta-Swat and 3. Hazarat Syed Mian Hassan Shah
Tirmizi [R.A.] buried at Kukrhey-Swat.Sadaats the
descendants of Pir Baba are said to have moved to Buner, Swat, Dir,
Bajaur, Chitral, Mardan, Swabi Karachi,
Lahore, Peshawar, Islamabad with in Pakistan, and are also settled
in Afghanistan, Europe, USA, MiddleEast, Thailand, Myanmar, India
and other countries, in India the President of "Pakhtoon
Jirga-e-Hind" Syed Sakhavat Shah is a direct descendant of Pir Baba
R.A. and is a naturalised Indian citizen working for upliftment of
Chagarzi is another small valley in the north east of Buner. It is
a channel way through District Shangla to Karakuram Highway. There
is moderate season, winter is cold due to heavy snow fall. This
area is facing problems of road system, otherwise it has too much
great seasons. Some villages are Budal, Batra, Tangora, Gulbandi,
Topi, Inzarmira, Shamnal etc. Chagharzi lies in Duma range. The
most common place in this valley is Shahidi sar where is a market
and a big chowk name bahadar khan chowk. Near village name are
chamo teraj bazarkoot awanay kotwal etc. The main road from shahedi
sar runs alongside the village of Chamo. Chamo is small but
graceful. The land maps of Chamo is all over are green tall and big
trees of different kinds and a lake who are coming from teraj who
Gukand is known for its mountains and springs of water.
Gukand is a famous valley amongst the green hills and mountains.
This valley has several villages named dagger, hisar, topdara,
bagra, manyari, kos gokand and bar gokand. The boundaries of this
valley touches the Swat and Shangla districts.peer baba son syed
mustafa ali shah termazi was married and peer baba decendents are
from mustafa baba