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Dacian Kingdom, during the rule of Burebista, 82 BC


Burebista (Ancient Greek,"Βοιρεβίστας") is widely considered to be the greatest king of Dacia. He ruled between 82 BC and 44 BC. He unified the Thracian population from Hercynia (today's Moravia) in the west, to the Bug River in the east, and from the northern Carpathians to Dionysopolismarker. His capital was called Argedava (or Sargedava) and was located near Costeştimarker in the Orăştiemarker hills of southwestern Romaniamarker.

The spiritual center of the kingdom was called Kogaion (or Kagaion, the holy mountain) by the ancient geographer Strabo. It is believed to have been located somewhere in the Bucegimarker mountains. According to the historian Jordanes (in his work Getica ), the greatest priest and adviser of Burebista was Dicineus (Deceneus), who held "almost royal powers" and taught the Dacians the belagines laws, ethics and sciences, including physics and astronomy.

Between 60 and 40 BCE it was fought the so called Daco-Celtic war, which saw the dacians attacking the celtic Scordisci, Boii and Taurisci confederations. Burebista defeated the once powerful Boian confederacy, and its Taurisci allies, destroying also the Oppidum of Bratislavamarker, their capital.

Burebista sided with the inhabitants of the Greek cities on the Western coast of the Black Seamarker from Apolloniamarker to the Danube Delta (South of the Danube) when they were occupied by Varro Lucullus, the proconsul of the Roman province of Macedonia during the second Mithridatic War (74 BC–72 BC). The Dacians defeated the Roman army of Gaius Antonius Hybrida near Histriamarker. As a result of this battle, the Greek cities of Tomismarker, Callatismarker, Dionysopolismarker and Apolloniamarker agreed to become part of Burebista's kingdom.

Burebista continued his incursion in the region, conquering the Celtic Aliobrix (Cartal, southern Bessarabiamarker, now part of Ukraine), Tyras and Odessos and destroying Olvia.

In 48 BC, Burebista sided with Pompey during his struggle against Julius Caesar in the Roman civil war. After Caesar emerged as victor, he planned on sending legions to punish Burebista, but he was assassinated in the Senate before he could do so, on March 15 44 BC. Burebista died the same year, but whether he was assassinated in a court plot or his death had natural causes is a matter that remains uncertain.

Notes

  1. The real name of Burebista was lost, but his fame was evoked by the Greek writers under the name of Byrebistas,Βοιρεβίστας in Strabo(10.7.3).
  2. The Origin And Deeds Of The Goths


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