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Burhanuddin Rabbani ( - Burhânuddîn Rabbânî) (b. ), is a former President of Afghanistanmarker.

Burhanuddin Rabbani is the leader of Jamiat-e Islami Afghanistan (Islamic Society of Afghanistan). He also served as the political head of the United Islamic Front for the Salvation of Afghanistan (UIFSA), an alliance of various political groups who fought against Taliban rule in Afghanistan. He served as President from 1992-1996 until he was forced to leave Kabul because of the Taliban takeover of the city. His government was recognized by many countries, as well as the United Nations. He is currently the head of Afghanistan National Front, known in the media as United National Front the largest political opposition to Hamid Karzai's government.

Early years

Rabbani, son of Muhammed Yousuf, was born in 1940 in Badakhshanmarker, northern Afghanistan. He is an ethnic Tajik. After finishing school in his native province, he went to Darul-uloom-e-Sharia (Abu-Hanifa), a religious school in Kabul. When he graduated from Abu-Hanifa, he went to Kabul Universitymarker to study Islamic Law and Theology. During his four years at Kabul University he became well known for his works on Islam. Soon after his graduation in 1963, he was hired as a Professor at Kabul Universitymarker. In order to enhance himself, Rabbani went to Egyptmarker in 1966, and he entered the Al-Azhar Universitymarker in Cairo where he developed close ties to the Muslim Brotherhood leadership. In two years, he received his masters degree in Islamic Philosophy. Rabbani was one of the first Afghans to translate the works of Sayyid Qutb into Dari.

Jamiat-e Islami

Rabbani returned to Afghanistan in 1968, where the High Council of Jamiat-e Islami gave him the duty of organizing the University students. Due to his knowledge, reputation, and active support for the cause of Islam, in 1972, a 15-member council selected him as head of Jamiat-e Islami of Afghanistan; the founder of Jamiat-e Islami of Afghanistan, Ghulam M. Niyazi was also present. Jamiat-e Islami was primarily composed of Tajiks and Uzbeks.

In the spring of 1974, the police came to Kabul University to arrest Rabbini for his pro-Islamic stance, but with the help of his students the police were unable to capture him, and he managed to escape to the countryside.

When the Soviets supported the 1979 coup, Rabbani helped lead Jamiat-e Islami in resistance to the PDPA regime. Rabbani's forces were the first mujahideen elements to enter Kabul in 1992 when the PDPA government fell from power.

Later years

After the war, Rabbani became the president of Afghanistan but fell out of favor with his former allies. After four years of civil war, he was forced to flee Kabul as the Taliban took over the capital. However, supported by an organization that became known as the Northern Alliance, Rabbani continued to resist the new Taliban government, and the civil war continued while Rabbani continued to act as the legal and internationally recognized president of Afghanistan. After the 9/11 terrorist attacks, he agreed to cooperate with American and NATOmarker forces to remove the Taliban from power. With help from coalition troops, Kabul was soon captured and Rabbani reassumed presidential functions in Kabul. Soon after, he relinquished control to Hamid Karzai and he is now a politician in Afghanistan, heading the Jamiat-e Islami party.

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