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Burnett Hillman Streeter (17 November 1874, Londonmarker 10 September 1937, Baselmarker) was a British biblical scholar.


He was educated at Queen's College, Oxfordmarker. Streeter was ordained in 1899 and was a member of the Archbishop’s Commission on Doctrine in the Church of England (from 1922 to 1937). He wrote a dozen volumes in the fields of philosophy of religion, comparative religion, and New Testament textual studies.

The most important work of Streeter was The Four Gospels: A Study of Origins (1924), in which he proposed a “four document hypothesis” (instead “two-source hypothesis”) as a new solution to the synoptic problem (pp. 223-270). In this work he also developed the theory of “local texts” in the manuscript transmission of the New Testament (pp. 27-50). He found a new textual family: Caesarean text-type. He remarked a close textual relationhip between Codex Sinaiticus and Vulgate of Jerome.



  1. Johannes Martin Augustinus Scholz was his forerunner.

Further reading

  • John M. Court, Burnett Hillman Streeter, (17 November 1874 - 10 September 1937), in: ExpT 118.2006, Nr.1, S. 19-25.

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