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Butler County (county code BU) is a county located in South Central Kansasmarker, in the Central United Statesmarker. The county's population was estimated to be 63,147 in the year 2006, making it the eighth largest in the state. Its county seat and most populous city is El Doradomarker. The county is a part of the Wichitamarker Metropolitan Statistical Area.

It was named in honor of a U.S. Senator from South Carolina, Andrew Pickens Butler (1796–1857), who was one of the authors of the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 and a strong advocate of Kansas becoming a slave state.

Law and government

Butler County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.

Presidential elections

The county is solidly Republican. In 2008 John McCain carried the county by a nearly two-to-one margin over Barack Obama. Since at least 1992 no Democratic candidate has received more than 40% of the county's vote. The last Democratic candidate to carry the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,446 square miles (3,746 km²), of which 1,428 square miles (3,698 km²) is land and 19 square miles (48 km²), or 1.28%, is water. Butler County is the largest county by area in the state.

Adjacent counties



Major highways

Sources: National Atlas, U.S. Census Bureau

Demographics

Butler County's population was estimated to be 63,147 in the year 2006, an increase of 3,450, or +5.8%, over the previous six years; it has the seventh fastest growing and eighth largest population in the state.

As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 59,482 people, 21,527 households, and 16,059 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 23,176 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.94% White, 1.38% Black or African American, 0.91% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 1.69% two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.25% of the population.



There were 21,527 households out of which 37.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.60% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.40% were non-families. 21.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,474, and the median income for a family was $53,632. Males had a median income of $38,675 versus $26,109 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,150. About 5.40% of families and 7.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.00% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns



Incorporated cities

Name and population (2005 estimate):

Unincorporated places



Townships

Butler County is divided into twenty-nine townships. The cities of Augustamarker and El Doradomarker are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)

Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Augusta 03325 1,405 17 (43) 84 (32) 1 (0) 0.68%
Benton 06200 Bentonmarker 2,211 24 (61) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0 %
Bloomington 07500 544 6 (15) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0 %
Bruno 08825 Andovermarker 9,744 107 (278) 91 (35) 0 (0) 0.10%
Chelsea 12750 190 1 (2) 261 (101) 17 (7) 6.15%
Clay 13575 83 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.22%
Clifford 14175 259 2 (6) 108 (42) 0 (0) 0.18%
Douglass 18425 Douglassmarker 2,306 25 (64) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.32%
El Dorado 20100 1,700 12 (32) 140 (54) 2 (1) 1.46%
Fairmount 22275 Elbingmarker 511 5 (14) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.14%
Fairview 22450 491 5 (14) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.14%
Glencoe 26400 239 1 (4) 161 (62) 1 (0) 0.60%
Hickory 31750 90 1 (1) 162 (62) 1 (0) 0.67%
Lincoln 40500 317 1 (3) 257 (99) 2 (1) 0.64%
Little Walnut 41625 Leonmarker 1,002 11 (28) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.44%
Logan 41775 154 2 (4) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.16%
Milton 46875 Whitewatermarker 1,136 12 (31) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.15%
Murdock 49225 378 4 (10) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0 %
Pleasant 56200 Rose Hillmarker (part) 4,649 50 (129) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.11%
Plum Grove 56850 Potwinmarker 661 7 (19) 92 (36) 1 (0) 0.58%
Prospect 57775 2,033 10 (26) 203 (78) 16 (6) 7.20%
Richland 59250 Rose Hill (part) 2,399 26 (66) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.02%
Rock Creek 60475 299 3 (8) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0 %
Rosalia 61125 589 4 (9) 162 (63) 1 (0) 0.58%
Spring 67275 1,566 17 (43) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.13%
Sycamore 69700 Cassodaymarker 333 1 (3) 295 (114) 2 (1) 0.76%
Towanda 71150 Towandamarker 2,727 29 (76) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.14%
Union 72050 Lathammarker 226 1 (4) 161 (62) 1 (0) 0.72%
Walnut 74900 760 8 (21) 92 (36) 1 (0) 0.77%
Sources:


Education

Unified school districts



See also

References



External links

Official sites


Local history and genealogy



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