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Cabo Rojo (KAH-bo, ro-ho) is a city in the south-west of Puerto Rico, on the Western Costal Valley. It is located to the south of Mayag√ľezmarker and to the west of Lajasmarker, whilst a little to the west of the town lies the Mona Passagemarker. The town is spread over 18 wards and Cabo Rojo Pueblo is the downtown area and the administrative center of the city. It is both a principal city of the San Germ√°n‚ÄďCabo Rojo Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Mayag√ľez‚ÄďSan Germ√°n‚ÄďCabo Rojo Combined Statistical Area.

It is said that Cabo Rojo obtained its name from the considerable amount of minerals found in its coasts that made the waters look reddish. Cabo is the Spanish word for tip and analogous to the English word Cape in this context. The word rojo, translates to red. According to legend, the name was given by Christopher Columbus himself, although this is highly unlikely. The first church, founded in 1783, was called San José. The present-day main catholic church is called San Miguel Arcángel Churchmarker located in the town's square.

People from Combate are known as mata con hacha ("those who kill with axes") based on an old folk tale about a fight over the Salinas where those from Cabo Rojo fought with axes against people from the adjacent town of Lajasmarker. The latter apparently fought back by throwing stones and are thus known as tira piedras ("those who throw stones").

History

Cabo Rojo was founded on December 17, 1771 by Nicolás Ramírez de Arellano and Miguel de Muesas.

Flag

The flag contains elements of the coat of arms, excluding the sword, the anchors and the crown.

Coat of Arms

The point or red triangle symbolizes the "cabo bermejo" (cape bermejo) in Los Morillos. The blue and white, with the anchors, represent the sea that bathes our coasts. The flaming sword, is an attribute to San Miguel de Arc√°ngel, patron of the town. Finally, the crown, which heightens and distinguishes the shield, stands for the status of municipality.

National protected area



Demographics

Barrios (Districts/Wards)

  • Guanajibo
  • Llanos Costa
  • Llanos Tuna
  • Miradero
  • Monte Grande
  • Pedernales
  • Betances
  • El Combate
  • Buye
  • Puerto Real
  • Joyuda


Economy

Tourism

Its tourism industry has flourished with the development of hotels and marinas, but local and international environmentalists are concerned that this development will endanger Cabo Rojo's rich and beautiful beaches,sunsets and natural resources. Cabo Rojo is also well-known for its fishing, particularly the Puerto Real fishing village, and its many seafood restaurants, most of which are found in the village of Joyuda.

Landmarks and places of interest

Limestone cliffs near the Los Morrillos Lighthouse.
Historics buildings at Ruiz Belvis St.
The famous Cabo Rojo lighthouse, Los Morrillos Lighthousemarker, known by locals as El Faro, was built in 1881 over limestone cliffs that rise 200 feet above sea level. This old lighthouse was automated and electrically charged in 1967 and is considered to have some, if not the, most spectacular ocean views in Puerto Rico's West Coast. The lighthouse has undergone recent renovations, of which has created controversy because of the quality of work. According to locals and scholars, the internal structure was gutted leaving nothing of historical significance behind.

The lighthouse is located near the Salinas, or salt mines. These salt mines are reported to be the oldest industry in the New World. Salt has been mined in this site non-stop since the times of the Ta√≠nos. Near the Salinas, a local civic group Caborroje√Īos Pro Salud y Ambiente run a visitor's center known as the Centro Interpretativo Las Salinas De Cabo Rojo don Efr√©n P√©rez Rivera. They offer free guided tours of the local area, which is rich in flora and fauna.
  • Boquer√≥n Beach
  • Cofres√≠ Cave
  • El Combate Beach
  • Joyuda Beach
  • Joyuda Lagoon
  • Market Plaza
  • Nautical Club
  • Punta Arenas Beach
  • Punta Real Beach
  • Isla de Ratonesmarker
  • Buye Beach
  • The Lighthouse (El Faro) Beach


Festivals and events

  • Pescao Festival - March
  • A√Īos Cuarenta Festival - April
  • Chig√ľero Festival - April
  • Betances Festival - April
  • Oyster Festival - May
  • Boquer√≥n Bay Crossing - July
  • Watermelon Festival - July
  • Retorno a la Arena - July
  • Patron Festivities - September
  • La Pileta Festival - December
  • Le Lo Lai Festival - December


Transportation

Although Cabo Rojo lacks an airport, it is approximately 11 miles from the Eugenio Maria de Hostos Airportmarker (MAZ), a commercial airport that serves direct flights to and from San Juan. Cabo Rojo has grown tremendously in the last few years as evidenced by its recent accreditation as a city. Cabo Rojo nearest airport servicing international destinations is only 45 minutes away in the Aguadilla's Rafael Hernandez Airportmarker (BQN). This airport was part of the now deactivated Ramey Air Force Base.

Sports

Cabo Rojo had a BSN basketball team, Los Turistas de Cabo Rojo (the "Cabo Rojo Tourists") from 1989 to 1993.

Indias de Mayag√ľez, female Volleyball team from Liga de Voleibol Superior Femenino played the 2009 season at the Coliseo Rebekah Colberg Cabrera, because their home ground, Palacios de los Deportes, was under remodeling.

Notable Caborojenos

Statue of "El Pirata Roberto Cofresi" in Cabo Rojo
The following is a list of notable Caborojenos:Antonio Fas Alzamora is the second-longest serving member of the Puerto Rico Legislative Assembly.

References

External links




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