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The Cadillac Escalade is a full-size luxury sport utility vehicle (SUV) sold by the General Motors luxury brand, Cadillac. It was the division's first major entry into the popular SUV market. The Escalade was introduced for the 1999 model year in response to Germanmarker and Japanesemarker competitors and to Ford's 1998 release of the Lincoln Navigator. The Escalade project went into production only ten months after it was approved. The standard Escalade is built in Arlington, Texasmarker. The name Escalade refers to a siege warfare tactic of scaling defensive walls or ramparts with the aid of ladders or siege towers.

The Escalade was originally based on the GMC Yukon Denali, but was redesigned for the 2002 model year to make its appearance fall more in line with Cadillac's new design theme. Today, the Escalade and Escalade EXT pickup are two of only three Cadillac vehicles made outside of the United Statesmarker. Both the Escalade ESV (Based on the Chevrolet Suburban) and Escalade EXT (based on the Avalanche pickup truck) were made in Silaomarker, Mexicomarker before the 2006 redesign; the new Escalade ESV is sourced from Arlington, Texas. The Escalade competes with the Range Rover Sport, Infiniti QX56, Mercedes-Benz GL-Class,Lexus LX,Toyota Land Cruiser, Land Rover LR3 and Lincoln Navigator.

1st generation

The introduction of the Lincoln Navigator in 1999 necessitated that General Motors be able to compete in the burgeoning American market for full-size luxury-type trucks. This generation was only a five-seat SUV. The first Escalade was a largely unsuccessful endeavor from the start. Fearing the growing hegemony of the Lincoln Navigator, the Escalade was rushed through the design process to reach dealers quickly. Essentially little more than a badge-engineered GMC Yukon Denali, the SUV's aesthetics were similar and identical to the Denali and the final vehicle was smaller than the Navigator. The Escalade's wheels were borrowed from the Denali line, with the GMC logos on the center caps replaced with Cadillac's crest. The Escalade also used the same 5.7 L Vortec 5700 V8 at 255 hp (190 kW), which was underpowered compared to the Navigator's and 5.4 Liter InTech V-8. All first-generation Escalades featured Autotrac selectable 4x4. The interior featured all leather seats with the Escalade logo sprinkled all over the car. It also had a Bose surround system–a first for SUV's.

2nd generation

There was no 2001 year Escalade sold for the 2001 model year. The lineup went directly from model year 2000 to 2002. This was done by introducing the 2002 model in January 2001 while still selling the present production 2000 model year car. Rear-wheel drive was standard, as was a 5.3 L V8, with all-wheel drive and the special high-output Vortec 6.0 L V8 engine as options. All models (except for the EXT) began seating 8 people.

The "StabiliTrak" stability control system was upgraded to a four-wheel version for 2003 and power-adjustable pedals were added. For 2004, 20-inch chrome wheels were offered, and XM Satellite Radio, second-row bucket seats, and a tire pressure monitoring system were made standard on all Escalades except the EXT. The 5.3 L engine was dropped for 2005 and the OnStar system was upgraded. Also in 2005, the Platinum edition was introduced at the price of $71,025; it featured heated and cooled cup holders, 20 inch chrome wheels, moon roof, three DVD screens, and chrome accents on the steering wheel and grille.

Engines

The HO Vortec takes premium fuel while the other two engines can take a lower grade.

Models

  • 2002-2006 Cadillac Escalade
  • 2002-2006 Cadillac Escalade EXT
  • 2003-2006 Cadillac Escalade ESV
  • 2004-2006 Cadillac Escalade ESV Platinum


3rd generation

GMT900 Cadillac Escalade ESV
The Escalade moved to the new GMT900 platform for the 2007 model year. Its introduction was accelerated as sales began slipping. The regular Escalade was again joined by a stretched ESV version as well as a new EXT pickup truck. The 2007 Escalade was the official vehicle of Super Bowl XL, with MVP Hines Ward being awarded one of the first Escalades produced.

Production of the redesigned Escalade began at Arlington Assemblymarker in January 2006. It is priced from US$57,280, though the rear-wheel drive version at this price was not produced until August. The more expensive all-wheel drive version was produced first, followed by the long wheelbase ESV and EXT pickup (the latter sourced from the Silaomarker, Mexicomarker, plant) in June.

The Escalade uses an all-aluminum 6.2 L Vortec V8. This pushrod engine includes variable valve timing, a first in a mass-produced non-overhead cam engine. The system adjusts both intake and exhaust timing between two settings. The engine produces 403 hp (301 kW) (23 hp more than its sister competitor, the GMC Yukon Denali) and 417 ft·lbf (565 N·m) of torque. A new six-speed 6L80 automatic transmission is used. The new body completes a 0.363 drag coefficient, though the large frontal area badly affects aerodynamics.

2008 updates

  • On the automatic trunk button, the "off" signal was changed from the letter "O" to the word "off."
  • Escalade badging on the trunk lid was moved from the left side to the right.
  • Seating capacity was increased to 9 passengers


2009 updates

  • The gauges were updated
  • A newly re-designed remote for keyless entry was introduced to further distinguish it from the Chevrolet Tahoe/GMC Denali siblings.
  • Bluetooth hands-free interface was made standard.
  • A power tilt steering wheel was made standard.
  • The Satellite Navigation System (optional) now added instant traffic updates and re-routing options.
  • Side Zone Blind Spot Alert was made standard.
  • GM's Magnetic Ride Control (MRC) was made standard on all models.



Hybrid

2009 Cadillac Escalade Hybrid
A Hybrid version of the luxury vehicle debuted at the 2008 South Florida International Auto Show in Miami, and went on sale in 2008 as a 2009 model at a starting price of $74,085 for a two-wheel drive model. In August, 20% of Cadillac Escalade sales were hybrids.

The Escalade Hybrid takes 8.2 seconds to accelerate from 0 to . Power is from a 6 liter V8 engine that makes at 5100 rpm and at 4100 rpm.

Flex-Fuel versions will join the lineup soon as well.

Luxury amenities

Standard features of the Cadillac Escalade include air conditioning w/tri-zone climate controls, tilt wood/leather-wrapped steering wheel w/radio controls, cruise control, leather upholstery, heated front and 2nd-row seats, 14-way power front seats, memory system, remote engine start, premium sound system, 6-disc CD changer, rear radio controls, compass, power liftgate, and outside-temperature indicator. The Platinum adds on a DVD entertainment system, navigation system, heated and cooled cupholders, rearview camera, cooled front seats, upgraded leather upholstery, and power-retractable running boards.

Engines



Escalade EXT

The Escalade EXT pickup truck (released alongside its twin, the Chevrolet Avalanche) was introduced in 2002 from the Cadillac division of General Motors. It features a "Convert-a-Cab" composite pickup bed that can be expanded into the truck's cab through a bottom-hinged door. Like the Avalanche, the EXT has four full-size doors and seating for five. The EXT was only offered with the 6.0 L V8 High Output engine. high-intensity discharge headlights were offered for 2003. The Escalade EXT also appears in the movie, The Matrix Reloaded along with the CTS in product placement ads. All Escalade EXTs are built in Silaomarker, Mexicomarker.

The Escalade EXT (based on the Cadillac Escalade) was created as a direct competitor to the failed Lincoln Blackwood, a pickup truck based on the Ford F-150. It had competed with the Lincoln Mark LT (now discontinued in the United Statesmarker and Canadamarker), another F-150-based pickup truck that made its debut in 2006. It now competes with the Ford F-150 Platinum, which is still known as the Lincoln Mark LT in Mexicomarker.

Image:1st Cadillac Escalade EXT.jpg|GMT800 Cadillac Escalade EXTImage:2007 Escalade EXT.JPG|2007 Cadillac Escalade EXT

Platinum

In 2005 Cadillac released it first version of a platinum Escalade. It only was available in the ESV version. It had such features like:Heated and Ventilated Seats.(Front and Back)Heated and ventalated Cup holders.Special 20" rims.Special leathers and interior designs.Extra Labeling.

In 2008 Cadillac released the Escalade platinum on its newest Escalade and escalade ESV models. It includes such features as:Heated and cooled cup holders.Limited edition 22" rims.Additional chrome pieces and accents.Inside it got a full custom interior, only available on platinum vehicles.

In 2009 Cadillac released a Hybrid Platinum version.

Future

General Motors has cancelled the planned replacement for the GMT900 SUVs. The automotive press has speculated that the Escalade nameplate may move to the Lambda crossover platform.

U.S. sales

Calendar Year Escalade EXT ESV Total U.S. sales
1998 3,089 - - 3,089
1999 23,897 - - 23,897
2000 23,346 - - 23,346
2001 31,270 546 - 31,816
2002 36,114 13,494 36 49,644
2003 35,621 11,256 12,866 59,743
2004 36,994 9,638 15,618 62,250
2005 29,876 7,766 13,502 51,144
2006 39,017 7,019 16,170 62,206
2007 36,654 7,967 16,370 60,991
2008 23,947 4,709 11,054 39,710
2009 Jan-Sept 10,991 1,837 4,607 17,435


References

  1. From Velocity Journal (Escalade)
  2. from Velocity Journal (Escalade ESV)
  3. The 2009 Cadillac Escalade Hybrid


External links

  • [50016]=Cadillac Escalade Website.
  • [50017]=Cadillac Escalade ESV Website.
  • [50018]=Cadillac Escalade EXT Website.
  • [50019]=8053 official UK website.


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