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This article is about the City of Cagayan de Oro. For other meanings of the word, see Cagayan .


The City of Cagayan de Oro (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Cagayan de Oro; Filipino : Lungsod ng Cagayan de Oro) is the commerce, trade and services center of Northern Mindanao, classified as a first class city.

Abbreviated CDO, CDOC, CdeO or Cag. de Oro, lies along the northern coastline on the island of Mindanaomarker in the Philippinesmarker. It is the provincial capital of the province of Misamis Orientalmarker.

It serves as the regional center being the most populous highly-urbanized city in Northern Mindanao (Region X). According to the 2007 Philippine census, the city has an estimated population of 553,996 people.

Cagayan de Oro is known by many nicknames such as Gateway to Northern Mindanao because of its location and good transportation facilities, City of Whitewater Rafting and River Trekking it is a primary whitewater rafting destination in the country that has a whole year round of maneuverable rafting courses and is located within the city limit, ICT Goldmine of the Philippines and A City in Bloom, in Blossom and in BOOM! because of the great strides it has made by way of progress, notably in the last few years.

Officially, Cagayan de Oro is known as the City of Golden Friendship (Dakbayan sa Bulawanong Panaghigalaay). The official city seal bears this phrase.

There are also other places in the Philippines with a Cagayan name. One must distinguish Cagayan de Oro from Cagayanmarker province in Northern Luzon and the Cagayan Islands in the Sulu Seamarker.

Etymology

The name Cagayan can be traced back during the arrival of the Recollect friars in 1622, the area around Himologan was already known as Cagayan. In fact, early Spanish documents in the 1500s already referred to the place as Cagayan. The area of Northern Mindanao, which included Cagayan, was granted as an encomienda to a certain Juan Griego on January 25, 1571.

Former Congressman and Vice President of the Philippines Emmanuel Pelaez appended de Oro to Cagayan in recognition of the gold mining activities in the area known to Spanish explorers which is a combination of the ancient Malayo-Polynesian and Spanish languages that translates to City of the River of Gold.

History

The area was first inhabited around 377 AD (the late Neolithic Period), island natives lived in a settlement then known as Himologan (now known as Huluga), eight kilometers from present day Cagayan de Oro. The natives were polytheistic animist and paid tributes to Sultan Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat, the Sultan of Maguindanao.

In 1622, two Spanish Augustinian Recollect missionaries came in contact with the natives of Himologan and in 1626, Fray Agustin de San Pedro persuaded the chief of Himologan, Datu Salangsang, to transfer his settlement down river, to the present day Gaston Park. Fray Agustin later fortified the new settlement against warriors who were sent by Sultan Kudarat.

On February 27, 1872, the Spanish Governor General Carlos Maria de La Torre issued a decree declaring Cagayan the permanent capital of Segundo Distrito de Misamis. During this era, the name of the town was known as Cagayan de Misamis. On January 10, 1899, Cagayan de Misamis joined the Philippine government of Emilio Aguinaldo and celebrated its independence from Spain. It was the second time the Aguinaldo government was declared and the new Philippine flag raised on the Mindanaomarker island.

By virtue of the 1898 Treaty of Paris, Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States; this caused friction and resulted in the Philippine-American War. In March 31, 1900, the Americans occupied Cagayan de Misamis and on April 7, 1900, battle erupted in the town center led by General Nicolas Capistrano and Filipino resistance fighters. This would later be known as the Battle of Cagayan de Misamis. The Americans won the war, and about forty years later, gave the Philippines its independence July 4, 1946.

In 1738, Spanish dominance was felt in Cagayan de Oro. When Misamis gained status of province in 1818, one of its four districts was the Partidos de Cagayan. In 1871, the "Partidos" became a town and was made permanent capital of Misamis.

In 1883, the town became seat of the Spanish government in Mindanao for the provinces of Misamis Oriental, Misamis Occidental, Bukidnon, Lanao del Norte. Consequently, from a purely farming-fishing area, Cagayan de Oro emerged into a booming commerce and trade center.

The war years in Cagayan de Oro were prompted by the presence of the Americans in 1898. The Americans were initially and successfully repulsed by the local forces led by former Mayor Apolinar Velez at the historic battle of Macahambus in June 4, 1900. After the troubled years, peace finally brought back the economic activities to normal under the guidance of Americans.

On June 15, 1950 former President Elpidio Quirino signed Republic Act No. 521 in the Malacañang Palacemarker, which granted the status of a chartered city to the Municipality of Cagayan de Misamis. This was made possible through the efforts of then former Congressman and Vice President of the Philippines Emmanuel Pelaez.

Cagayan de Oro was declared a highly-urbanized city by the Ministry of Local Government on November 22, 1983.

Geography

Cagayan de Oro is located along the central coast of Northern Mindanao. It is situated in Mindanaomarker, the second giant of the archipelago of all the mass of the Philippines. To the south, the city is bordered by the Bukidnonmarker Province and Lanao del Nortemarker (Iligan Citymarker). The Municipality of Opol, Misamis Orientalmarker borders the city on the west and Tagoloan, Misamis Orientalmarker to the east. To the north lies Macajalar Baymarker facing the Bohol Seamarker.

Its total land area is 488.86 km² representing 13.9% of the entire Misamis Orientalmarker province. It includes 25 kilometers of coastline and a fine deep-water harbor, Macajalar Bay. 44.7% of the surface of Cagayan de Oro is classified as agricultural land, and 38.4% is classified as open spaces.

Climate

Cagayan de Oro has a tropical climate. The average temperature whole year round is 28 °C (82 °F). The highest recorded temperature in the city was 39 °C (102 °F) on June 1998. Cagayan de Oro receives an even amount of rain through out the year. The driest month is April, while July is the wettest. Wet season in the city starts in June and ends in November. Drier season starts in December and ends in May.




Language

Cebuano or Visayan, is the city's main conversational language. English is mainly used for business, written text and is also widely used by the academic community.

Most of the local populations are also fluent in Filipino, the country's national language. Other ethnic dialects are Higaonon, Spanish, Ilongo, Maranao, Waray among others.

People

The residents of Cagayan de Oro are a mixture of Spanish-American, Maranao, Bukidnon and Chinese blood. People from Cagayan de Oro are called Cagayanons or Kagay-anons.

There are about 44% of the household population in Cagayan de Oro classified themselves as Binisaya or Bisaya, 22.15% as Cebuano, 4.38% as Boholano, while 28.07% as other ethnic groups (2000 Philippine census).

City events

  • Kagay-an Festival is held every 26th to the 28th of August in celebration of Cagayan de Oro's patron, Saint Augustine of Hippo (Señor San Agustin). Highlights of the Kagay-an Festival are the Agro-Trade Fair, Miss Kagay-an, Higaonon Street Dancing, Golden Float Parade and Halad sa Lambagohan. There are also cultural shows, competitions and celebrity concerts.


  • Charter Day, every 15th of June, the city celebrates the cityhood of Cagayan de Oro. It was on June 15, 1950 that Cagayan de Misamis became a chartered city.


  • Kumbira is a culinary show and exhibit that started in the year 1996 by local hoteliers and restaurants, it is now one of the most anticipated culinary show and exhibit in the region. There are food demonstrations, culinary competition and seminars. HRM schools from neighboring provinces participate and showcase their students' talent along with local hoteliers. This is usually held in mid of August as part of the Kagay-an Festival.


  • Halad sa Lambagohan, organized way back in the mid 1980's, this fluvial parade, also called Lambagohan Festival, is held along the river of Cagayan de Oro.


  • Miss Kagay-an, Filipino are fond of beauty pagents and Cagayan de Oro is no exception. Local girls compete for the most prestigious beauty pageant in the city.


  • Golden Float Parade was started in 2007; it includes marching bands from different city schools. It is also participated by local government departments and commercial establishments.


  • Holy-Week Trek, March or April (movable) on the eve of Good Friday (Thursday evening), thousands of Kagay-anons trek Malasag hill for the annual "Via Crucis" or way of the cross.


Religion

San Agustin Cathedral


Roman Catholic is the city's dominant religion, represented by almost 80% of the population. Other religious affiliations includes Seventh Day Adventist, Iglesia ni Cristo, Philippine Independent Church, Evangelicals, Pentecostal, United Church of Christ and Islam.

Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro is an Archdiocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippinesmarker. It is a Metropolitan See in the island of Mindanaomarker, the archdiocese comprises three civil provinces of Misamis Oriental, Bukidnon and Camiguin. Today, the current Archbishop is Most Reverend Antonio J. Ledesma, S.J., D.D., who was installed on March 4, 2006 and its seat is located at San Agustin Cathedral.

Recently, the Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarenemarker in Quiapo Church has also decided to move the replica statue of the Black Nazarene to Nazareno Church in Cagayan de Oro, so that Nazarene devotees from Mindanaomarker may not have to travel to Quiapo, Manilamarker for their annual pilgrimage.

Infrastructure

Like any other developing cities here in the Philippines, developments of infrastructures are vast and is vital. Cagayan de Oro now has existing infrastructures that are well established and stable.

Utilities

  • There are four major land based phone companies PLDT-PhilCom, MisOrTel, Smart Broadband (formerly CruzTelCo) and ItalTel serving the city.




  • There are several Internet companies operating in the city offering dial up, broadband, Wi-Fi and cable services. The Pueblo de Oro Business IT Park located in Upper Carmen is the first PEZA-registered IT park in Mindanaomarker. The IT Park currently houses one of Cagayan de Oro's call centers.


  • Water services is provided by the Cagayan de Oro Water District (COWD), it was the first water district established in the entire country.


  • Electricity is provided by the Cagayan Electric Power and Light Company (CEPALCO). CEPALCO, which began operations in 1952, covers the City of Cagayan de Oro and the Municipalities of Tagoloan, Villanueva and Jasaan, all in the province of Misamis Oriental, including the 3,000-hectare PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate and caters to more than 100,000 consumers. The Company's distribution system network now includes 138KV, 69KV, 34.5KV and 13.8KV systems. CEPALCO is also operating the developing world’s first and largest (at the time of its inauguration in 2004) on-grid solar photovoltaic (PV) power plant. The 1-megawatt polycrystalline silicon-based PhotoVoltaic plant in Indahag of this city is connected with the distribution network of CEPALCO.


Education

Aside from being the commercial capital of Northern Mindanao, Cagayan de Oro is also considered as the school capital of the region and home to several universities, colleges and tertiary schools.

It has three major private universities, namely: Capitol University, Liceo de Cagayan University and Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan as the first university in Mindanao. These institutions specialize in various disciplines such as medicine, nursing, commerce, engineering, and law, as well as graduate and post-graduate courses.

The Mindanao University of Science and Technologymarker formerly (Mindanao Polytechnic State College) is the only state university in the city. AMA Computer University and Philippine Women's University has campus branches in the city offering limited courses.

Health care

Cagayan de Oro has a hospital bed to population ratio of 1:474 as of 2003. There are twelve major well-equipped private and government-run hospitals including 50 Barangay Health Centers and 20 Family Planning Centers. There are also modern diagnostic centers and laboratories operating in the city. Northern Mindanao Medical Center (formerly Provincial Hospital) and JR Borja Memorial Medical Hospital (formerly City Hospital) are the two main government-run hospitals in the city.

Capitol University Medical City and Polymedic Medical Plaza are the newer developments of the health services in city.

In the recent years, private hospitals in the city have embarked on an aggressive expansion program. There has been a strong demand for medical facilities not only within the city but also from nearby Mindanaomarker provinces.

Economy

Cagayan de Oro is the business hub of Northern Mindanao region and was recorded to have reached the annual income of 1.345 billion pesos as of the fiscal year 2006. The city's economy is largely based on industry, trade, service and tourism. These are the major financial sources of the city and it has been sufficient for the city's development.

Concentrix and Arriba Telecontact are among the few call centers that have recently opened their doors to the city. With the ongoing construction of the Laguindingan International Airport located in the Municipality of Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental with International standard, business analysts predict the entry of more foreign and local investments and an increase in tourism activity in the region will make Cagayan de Oro as one of the chief cities in the southern part of the Philippines.

Cagayan de Oro is base to a multinational companies such as Del Monte Philippines. Pineapples in nearby Bukidnon province are transported to their Processing Plant in Barangay Bugo and shipped to the entire Philippines, Asia and the Pacific.

Transportation

Cagayan de Oro is accessible by land, air and water transportation. The place can assure safe and secure journey.

Airports

  • Lumbia Airportmarker, often called as Cagayan de Oro Airport caters domestic flights to and from Manilamarker and Cebumarker. From Manila, it is an hour and fifteen minutes away by plane and from Cebu is about forty-five minutes away.


The airport is the currently the second-busiest airport in Mindanaomarker, classified as a trunkline airport, or a major commercial domestic airport by the Air Transportation Office.

Lumbia Airport is set to be replaced by the larger Laguindingan International Airport, currently under construction in the Municipality of Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental, some 46 kilometers southwset of Cagayan de Oro. When it finished, the international airport will serve Northern Mindanao including its major cities; Iligan and Cagayan de Oro.

  • Laguindingan International Airport located in the Municipality of Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental that will serve Northern Mindanao including its major cities; Iliganmarker and Cagayan de Oromarker, and soon caters international flights to South Koreamarker and other parts of the world. It is a flagship project of the Cagayan de Oro-Iligan Corridor special development project, which covers both cities of Iligan and Cagayan de Oro, as well as five coastal towns in Lanao del Nortemarker, and in the 22 towns especially Gingoog Citymarker of Misamis Oriental first and second congressional districts.


The airport sits on a 4.17 square kilometre site in Barangay Moog, Laguindingan, Misamis Orientalmarker, and is located 46 kilometers from the existing Lumbia Airport. Upon completion, it will be the fourth international airport in Mindanaomarker, after Francisco Bangoy International Airportmarker in Davao City, Zamboanga International Airportmarker in Zamboanga City, and General Santos International Airportmarker in General Santos City, as well as the first international airport in Northern Mindanao (Region X). Construction will be completed by 2011.

It was inaugurated on January 11, 2006 with groundbreaking ceremonies presided by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who advocated the idea of an international airport in the Cagayan de Oro-Iligan Corridor.

Seaports

Cagayan de Oro Port, the most modern International seaport in the Philippines.


  • Cagayan de Oro Port is a modern international seaport situated near the estuary of Cagayan de Oro river, it has an anchorage depth of 18 meters and is around 400 meters from the shoreline. It has two authorized cargo handling operators. With the recent completion of the 250 Million Peso Rehabilitation Project, the port is now the largest international and domestic seaport in Mindanao.


The port serves regular trips to and from Manilamarker, Cebumarker, Tagbilaranmarker, Bacolodmarker, Dumaguetemarker, Iloilomarker and Jagna, Boholmarker. It is the busiest seaport in Northern Mindanao.

  • General Milling and Del Monte Philippines also operates their own port facilities within Cagayan de Oro. The US $85 Million Mindanao Container Terminal located in Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental 17 kilometers from Cagayan de Oro serves the PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate.


Public transport

Cagayan de Oro is quite sufficient when it comes to land transportation; you can easily roam around the city by any means of land transport. If you only want to go around the city proper, there is a number of private firms provide rent-a-car services; operate taxi cabs, public utility jeepneys and trucking or hauling services.

Taxis in the city are all air-conditioned and most are new models. The taxis are either colored yellow or white and have yellow plates.

Another transportation in the city is the , Cagayan de Oro's version of the Philippine tricycle. It is a common mode of transportation even within the city proper. It seats around six to eight people and could get cramped. This is not an advised mode of transportation for plus sized people.

There are three bus and jeepney terminals in the city which offer regular land trips, namely:

  • Agora Integrated Bus Terminal that is on under renovation, offers regular land trips to and from Gingoog Citymarker, Malaybalay and Valencia City in Bukidnon, Kabacan, North Cotabato, Butuan Citymarker, Surigao Citymarker, Davao Citymarker, Tacurong City, Sultan Kudarat and Balingoan (ferry going for Camiguin Island).


  • Eastbound-Gusa Jeepney Terminal offers regular land trips to and from Gingoog City, Malaybalay and Valencia City in Bukidnon, eastern towns of Misamis Oriental, Camp Philips, Bukidnon, Libona, Bukidnon and Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon.




Government



Cagayan de Oro has been administered by elected and appointed officials since June 15, 1950. The city political government is composed of the Mayor, Vice Mayor, two Congressional Representatives, sixteen City Councilors, one Sangguniang Kabataan Federation representative and an Association of Barangay Captain representative. Each official is elected publicly to a four-year term.

Most respected Mayor of Cagayan de Oro

Many residents of Cagayan de Oro consider Justiniano R. Borja the most admired and respected mayor of Cagayan de Oro. A graduate of Silliman University, Borja started his government service in 1954. He was responsible for the phenomenal growth of the city since 1959, when he opened the Cogon Public Market.

A statue built in his honor stands at the Plaza Divisoria (Golden Friendship Park), made by National Artist for Sculpture Napoleon V. Abueva. Borja was called the Arsenio Lacson of Cagayan de Oro because he was, above all, no non-sense. He ruled without fear or favor. He had political will. Most importantly, he remained simple and would walk to and from his office without any bodyguards.

Borja is the only city mayor who has been given multiple honors, proof of how much he was loved by the city that he served so well. There are JR Borja Street, JR Borja Memorial Medical Hospital (City Hospital) and the statue located in Plaza Divisoria. He was the only city mayor of Cagayan de Oro given a doctorate degree honoris causa in public administration by Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan.

Political divisions

Cagayan de Oro is politically subdivided into 80 barrios or barangays. These are grouped into two Congressional districts: 24 barangays in the 1st district (West) and 56 barangays in the 2nd district (East), with the Cagayan de Oro river as the natural boundary. It has a 57 urban barangays and 23 rural barangays all in all.

1st District

  • Bonbon
  • Bayabas
  • Kauswagan
  • Patag
  • Bulua
  • Iponan
  • Carmen (Largest barangay)
  • Baikingon
  • San Simon
  • Pagatpat
  • Canitoan
  • Balulang
  • Lumbia
  • Pagalungan
  • Tagpangi
  • Taglimao
  • Tuburan
  • Pigsag-an
  • Tumpagon
  • Bayanga
  • Mambuaya
  • Dansolihon
  • Tignapoloan
  • Besigan

2nd District

  • Macabalan
  • Puntod
  • Consolacion
  • Camaman-an
  • Nazareth
  • Macasandig
  • Indahag
  • Lapasan
  • Gusa
  • Cugman
  • F.S. Catanico
  • Tablon
  • Agusan
  • Puerto
  • Bugo
  • Balubal
  • Barangay 1
  • Barangay 2
  • Barangay 3
  • Barangay 4
  • Barangay 5
  • Barangay 6
  • Barangay 7
  • Barangay 8
  • Barangay 9
  • Barangay 10
  • Barangay 11
  • Barangay 12
  • Barangay 13
  • Barangay 14
  • Barangay 15
  • Barangay 16
  • Barangay 17
  • Barangay 18
  • Barangay 19
  • Barangay 20
  • Barangay 21
  • Barangay 22
  • Barangay 23
  • Barangay 24
  • Barangay 25
  • Barangay 26
  • Barangay 27
  • Barangay 28
  • Barangay 29
  • Barangay 30
  • Barangay 31
  • Barangay 32
  • Barangay 33
  • Barangay 34
  • Barangay 35
  • Barangay 36
  • Barangay 37
  • Barangay 38
  • Barangay 39
  • Barangay 40


Law enforcement

Cagayan de Oro City being the regional center is the base to major military and police camps in Region 10. Camp Vicente Alagar located in Barangay Lapasan is home to the Police Regional Office 10 (PRO 10) which has jurisdiction over the entire Northern Mindanao, namely the provinces of Bukidnon, Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental and Misamis Oriental and highly urbanized cities of Cagayan de Oro and Iligan. Camp Edilberto Evangelista located in Barangay Patag is home to the 4th Infantry Division of the Philippine Army. It is the largest military camp in Mindanao with an area of 129 hectares. Camp Evangelista's external jurisdiction covers the Northern Mindanao and Caraga region. Minor military camps are also located in Barangay Lumbia and upper Puerto.

Tourism

Cagayan de Oro is considered as one of the tourist' spots in the Philippines. Due to the national government's aggressive tourism campaign, local and foreign tourist arrivals in the city is on the rise. In 2004, the city registered a tourist arrival of 307,820; an increase from a previous of 232,257 in 2003. Whitewater Rafting and Kayaking has been one of the tourism activities being promoted in the river. The city administration and the Department of Tourism made it as the banner tourism activity in the Cagayan de Oro.

Parks and resorts

Gardens of Malasag Eco-Tourism Village


  • Gaston Park and San Agustin Cathedral, the park is located across the San Agustin Cathedral, the city's main catholic church and the seat of the Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro. The park, noted for its water-dancing fountain, is a favorite place to unwind for many locals, especially during Sundays.




  • Catanico Falls is concealed by huge boulders, the rapids, cascading falls and natural pool of Barangay F.S. Catanico.


  • Mapawa Nature Park for horseback riding, biking, zipline and nature trekking.


  • Gardens of Malasag Eco-Tourism Village is located in a reforested area in Malasag hill. This seven hectare village has replicas of tribal houses in the region and a panoramic view of Macajalar Baymarker. The tourism village is owned and managed by the Philippine Tourism Authority.


  • Vicente de Lara Park is situated in front of the Provincial Capitol of Misamis Oriental with age-old mahogany trees that provide a therapeutic canopy for the promenades. The park is a popular jogging area during the morning.


  • Bonifacio Park is among several parks located in Plaza Divisoria. Most of the local soldiers who died during the Philippine-American War of 1900 are buried beneath the monument.


  • Kagay-an Resort in the Taguanao area, is usually packed with families and groups on weekends lounging in the cold springs.


  • Pueblo de Oro Township in upper Carmen is an expansive business and residential area. This is where SM City Cagayan de Oro, Hotel Koresco, the 18-hole Pueblo de Oro Golf Course and Country Club designed by Robert Trent Jones II, and a host of middle to high-end residential areas are located. It is also home to the Pueblo de Oro Business IT Park, the first PEZA-registered IT park in Mindanaomarker. The IT Park currently houses one of Cagayan de Oro's call centers.


  • High Ridge located on a hilltop in Aluba. The area used to be a commercial establishment but was closed down by the city for zoning violation. Since then High Ridge has been open to the public for outdoor picnics.


  • Monigue Cave is located at Barangay Mambuaya this city; the cave entrance is flowing water from underground stream. The cave has a small opening that seems too narrow to be passable, it has a six inches airspace between ceiling and water that you have submerge yourselves one by one, equipped with a helmet and a waterproof cap lamp. The cave contains a beautiful sparkling formation, which is called the Calcium Carbonates (CaCO3) or Calcites. These stalactites and stalagmites, white and brown, are sign of oxidized materials that take 50–60 years to form an inch the cave is definitely spellbinding. There were formations of flowstone, gurpool-resembling, rice terraces, transparent crystals and pictureque speleothems, such as cathedral drapes and icons. Everything was simply beautiful and awesome.


  • Macahambus Adventure Park is located in Barangay Lumbia, one can experience walking on a suspended steel bridge connected to trees a hundred feet above ground level. You can then cross back using a zipline or rapel down to the Macahambus hill and cave, the site of the historic battle between Kagay-anons and American soldiers during the Philippine-American War (Philippine Insurrection) in 1900s.


Museums and historical places

  • Macahambus Hill, Cave and Gorge is an underground cave with a 130 foot (40 m) circular gorge. The ravine is thick with various species of plants and huge trees. It is the site of the historic Battle of Makahambus Hill between local and American soldiers during the Philippine-American War (1900).


  • Museum of Three Cultures is a newly opened museum in Capitol University. It houses a gallery of Maranao antiquities from Tugaya, Lanao del Sur; a gallery of ethnohistory which shall display Cagayan de Oro history, Butuan archaeological artifacts, lumad arts and crafts from the Higaonon and Manobo cultures, and a treasure of Christian lowland artifacts of Northern Mindanao; and finally an art gallery and coffee shop that shall promote the local visual arts of Mindanao. It also has a research archives that will house Spanish era documents, photographs, memorabilia of well-known personalities in Mindanaomarker, which is open to all researchers and students of culture.


  • Museo de Oro is a museum located within the campus of Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan. The museum exhibits artifacts dug from Huluga Cave and repertoire of Bukidnon and Maranao cultures that have survived the ravages of time.


  • Huluga is an archaeological site in Sitio Taguanao, Barangay Indahag. It is composed of an open site and two caves where skeletal remains of a child and woman were found. A fragment of the woman's skull was 377 AD by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, California. The open site is the venue of prehistoric settlement.


  • Plaza de Los Heroes is a memorial dedicated to the heroes of the Three Battles of Cagayan de Oro during the Philippine-American War. It is located along Mastersons Avenue in upper Carmen.


  • Old Water Tower was built in 1922 just near the Gaston Park and San Agustin Cathedral. Today, it was being upgraded into a museum.


Shopping

SM City Cagayan de Oro


Cagayan de Oro is the shopping capital of the Northern Mindanao region. Residents from nearby provinces visit the city to shop and enjoy the mall facilities, with numerous of department stores, supermarkets, retail stores and modern public markets.

SM Prime Holdings and Robinsons Land Corporation are drawing plans to further expands their mall operations in the city proper.

Major shopping centers and malls

  • Ororama Chain of Stores
  • Limketkai Center the pride of Cagayan de Oro which covers around 25 hectares making it one of the most expansive commercial complexes in the country. It is located in Barangay Lapasan, near the national highway. The Atrium (Entertainment Hall) can accommodate over 3,000 people and has already hosted several local and foreign concerts, conventions, exhibits, and other events. Owned and managed by Limketkai Corporation, a local company. Today, the mall is on under huge renovation and investing in expanding its territory to provide more jobs and business outlets.
  • MAKRO
  • SM City Cagayan de Oro
  • Gaisano City Mall
  • Divisoria Night Café and Market is set up on Friday and Saturday nights. Locals and visitors gather in the streets of Divisoria to have barbecue and seafood, among many choices, and enjoy the music, beer, and also the great bargains from the nearby Night Market.
  • Ayala Center Cagayan de Oro is a proposed class shopping mall located in Barangay Indahag and it would be the biggest Ayala malls in the island of Mindanaomarker.
  • Robinsons Cagayan de Oro the first Robinsons malls in Mindanaomarker. Located in Limketkai Complex and behind Limketkai Mall. It is right beside the Grand Caprice Restaurant and Convention Center.
  • Pacific Island City Mall (Proposed)
  • Paseo del Rio (Proposed)
  • Agora Public Market (Under renovation)
  • Carmen Public Market and Commercial Complex
  • Cogon Public Market and Commercial Complex is the city's main public market.


Gallery

Sister cities

There are three sister cities in Cagayan de Oro as designated in Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI) and one local, namely:

Tainan Citymarker, Taiwanmarker (2005)
Harbinmarker, Chinamarker (2007)
Norfolk, USAmarker (2008)
Butuan Citymarker, Philippinesmarker


See also



External links



Notes

References

  1. Cagayan de Oro City Official Website
  2. Cagayan De Oro City: Population Growth Rate Declined to 1.63 Percent
  3. http://www.gov.ph/news/?i=23237
  4. Waiting for the flight from Laguindingan, Philippine Daily Inquirer, July 22, 2007
  5. Arroyo to inaugurate int'l airport project, Sun.Star Cagayan de Oro, January 11, 2006
  6. Infrastructure of Cagayan de Oro
  7. P250-M rehab for Mindanao’s biggest port completed - INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos
  8. http://www.pnppro10.org/
  9. Whitewater Kayaking with KayakDomain.com
  10. Cagayan de Oro Tourism Website
  11. Gardens of Malasag Eco-Tourism Village
  12. http://www.cagayandeoro.cdo.ph/pages/gln_history.htm
  13. Cagayan De Oro Travel Guide
  14. http://kagayandeoro.blogspot.com/2008/09/jaraula-confirms-p45-b-ayala-mall-to.html



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