Caldwell County is a
county located in the U.S. state of Missouri.
the population was 8,969. Its county seat is
The county was organized in 1836 as a
haven for the Mormons.
is part of the Kansas City Metropolitan Area.
Origin of name
to the Missouri Secretary of
State the County was named by Alexander Doniphan to honor an Indian fighter who his father knew in
Kentucky. for whom
Kentucky is named.
Robert L. Ramsay
who wrote books about the
placenames in Missouri says the county was named for Matthew
Caldwell "commander of Indian Scouts in Kentucky" in the War of 1812
. No further details are given. The
prominent Caldwell war name from Kentucky during this period is
for his Caldwell's Rangers group). His partner was Matthew Elliott
. They were pro British in the fights.
a Matthew Caldwell who was born in Kentucky in 1781 and was a
member of the Missouri House of
Representatives in 1834 from Washington, Missouri in Franklin County, Missouri The name of Matthew Caldwell was mentioned in a
history of the country written the 1890s but no details were given
on who Caldwell was.
County was originally part of Ray County, Missouri.
The first white settler was Jesse Mann, Sr.
who settled one half mile northeast of the public square of
Kingston on Shoal Creek in 1831. The early settlers moved back
south in 1832 for better protection during the Black Hawk War
In 1832 a
few Mormon settlers who had been evicted from Jackson
County, Missouri moved into the county, including Jacob Haun, whose
mill on Shoal Creek would become the scene of the bloodiest battle
in the Mormon War, known as the
The settlers established the first town in the county -- Salem --
two miles southeast of Kingston.
In the fall of 1836 a larger number of Mormons moved to the
In December 1836 the Missouri General Assembly created Caldwell
County with the understanding it would be dedicated to Mormon
settlers. Its county seat was Far West,
By 1838 Far West reported a population of 4,000.
Included in the immigration were all the major figures of early
Mormon history including Joseph Smith,
, Hyrum Smith
, Brigham Young
, John Taylor
, Edward Partridge
, Sidney Rigdon
, Parley P. Pratt
and John D.
settlers moved further north into Daviess
County, Missouri particularly at Adam-ondi-Ahman after Smith proclaimed that it was the Bibilical
place where Adam and Eve were banished
after leaving the Garden of Eden and
that it would be a gathering place on the Judgement Day.
Following a skirmish between original Missouri settlers and Mormon
settlers in the Gallatin Election
the Mormon War erupted in which both sides burned
and plundered each other's settlements.
After Missouri militia was routed in the Battle of Crooked Creek
Governor Lilburn Boggs
to evict the
Mormons from the state. Three days later a group from Livingston
County, Missouri killed 18 Mormons in the Haun's Mill
Troops then laid siege to Far West. Smith surrendered in October 1838 and the
settlers agreed to leave totally abandoning Far West and then
regrouping in Nauvoo,
Following the dissolution of Far West the county seat moved to
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total area of
1,113 km² (430 mi²). 1,112 km² (429 mi²) of it is land and 1 km² (0
mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.09% water.
Cities and towns
Caldwell County is divided into twelve townships
- Matthew Caldwell