Caleb Strong (January 9,
1745 - November 7, 1819) was Massachusetts lawyer and politician who served as the governor of Massachusetts between
1800 and 1807, and again from 1812 until 1816.
born in Northampton, Massachusetts.
During the American Revolution
he served on the
Northampton Committee of
. He was a delegate to the 1779 Massachusetts
Constitutional Convention and helped write the 1780 state constitution
. He was
elected as a delegate to the Continental Congress
in 1780 but did
not serve. He sat on the first Massachusetts Governor's
, and was a state senator from 1780 to 1789.
Strong was elected as a delegate to the Philadelphia Convention
the U.S. Constitution
. Illness of his wife
forced him to return to Massachusetts before the work was
completed, so he did not sign the document. However, he supported
its adoption by the state's ratifying convention.
Governor Strong opposed the War of 1812
to the point of refusing to call out the state militia to support
the war. A strong Federalist
nonetheless adhered to the states'
view that only the governor had the power to call out
the state militia, not the U.S. President. Near the end of the war,
during the Hartford Convention
Strong entered secret negotiations with the British which would
have ceded them northern Maine
return for agreeing to a separate peace with Massachusetts. However
the Treaty of Ghent
ended the war
before terms could be finalized.
died in Northampton, Massachusetts, and is buried at the Bridge Street Cemetery in
town of Strong, Maine is named after Governor Strong. Windham, Ohio was also originally named in Strong's honor; the
original name of this village was Strongsburg.