Calhoun County is a county in the U.S. state of
Its name is in honor of John C. Calhoun,
famous member of the United States
Senate from South
of 2000 the population was 112,249. It is included in the Anniston-Oxford
Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its county seat is
Benton County was
established on December 18, 1832, named for Thomas Hart Benton, a member of
the United States Senate from
Missouri, with its
county seat at Jacksonville.
Benton, a slave owner, was a political ally
of John C. Calhoun, another slaveholder and a U.S.
senator from South
Through the 1820s-1840s, however, Benton's and Calhoun's political
interests diverged, with Calhoun increasingly using secession
as a weapon to maintain and expand
throughout the United States.
Benton, on the other hand, was slowly coming to the conclusion that
slavery was wrong and that preservation of the union was paramount.
On January 29, 1858, Alabama supporters of slavery, objecting to
Benton's change of heart, renamed Benton County as Calhoun
The county seat was moved to Anniston after years
of controversy and a State Supreme Court ruling in June 1900. An F4
tornado struck here on Palm Sunday March 27, 1994
destroyed Goshen United Methodist Church twelve minutes after the
National Weather Service of Birmingham issued a tornado warning for
northern Calhoun, southeastern Etowah, and southern Cherokee.
According to the U.S.
county has a total area of 612 square miles (1,586 km²),
of which, 608 square miles (1,576 km²) of it is land and
4 square miles (10 km²) of it (0.63%) is water.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 112,249
people, 45,307 households, and 31,307 families residing in the
county. The population density
was 184 people per square mile (71/km²). There were 51,322 housing
units at an average density of 84 per square mile (33/km²).
The racial makeup of the county was 78.88% White
, 18.54% Black
or African American
, 0.40% Native American
, 0.56% Asian
, 0.07% Pacific Islander
, 0.59% from
, and 0.96%
from two or more races. 1.56% of the population were Hispanic
of any race.
There were 45,307 households out of which 29.50% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples
living together, 13.40% had a
female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were
non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals
and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or
older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family
size was 2.94.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.60% under the
age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from
45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median
age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.70 males. For
every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,768, and
the median income for a family was $39,908. Males had a median
income of $30,847 versus $21,076 for females. The per capita income
for the county was
$17,367. About 12.40% of families and 16.10% of the population were
below the poverty line
22.60% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or
Cities and towns
White Plains, Alabama
Places of Interest
County is home to the Anniston Museum of Natural
History and the Berman Museum of World History.
contains a portion of the Talladega National Forest.