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Caloocan(or Kalookan) is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manilamarker in the Philippinesmarker. Located just north of the City of Manilamarker, Caloocan is the country's third most populous city with a population of 1,378,856 as of the 2007 census.

Geography

Caloocan City (formally/Filipino Makasaysayang Lungsod ng Caloocan) is divided into two separate areas. Southern Caloocan City lies directly north of the City of Manila and is bounded by Malabon Citymarker and Valenzuela Citymarker to the north and west, Navotasmarker to the west, and Quezon Citymarker to the east. Northern Caloocan City is the northernmost territory of Metro Manila; it lies east of Valenzuela City, north of Quezon City, and south of San Jose del Monte Citymarker in the province of Bulacanmarker.

History

Cradle of the Katipunan



The city is historically significant because it was the center of activities for the Katipunan, the secret militant society that launched the Philippine Revolution during the Spanish occupation of the Philippinesmarker. It was in a house in Caloocan where secret meetings were held by Andres Bonifacio and his men, and it was within the city's perimeters where the very first armed encounter took place between the Katipunan and the Spaniards.

The word caloocan comes from the Tagalog root word lo-ok; kalook-lookan (or kaloob-looban) means "innermost area". The City borders many other cities such as Quezon City, Manila, Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela and San Jose Del Monte Bulacan in the north. During the formation of Rizal Province, Caloocan was included in its matrix until 1975.

The city's most celebrated landmark is the monument of Philippine revolutionary Andres Bonifacio, which is located at the end of Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA). The memorial was erected in 1933 with sculptures crafted by national artist Guillermo Tolentino to mark the very first battle of the Philippine revolution on August 3, 1896. Recent renovations have been made on the environs of the monument, including the Bonifacio Circle, its former site, and the Caloocan stretch of EDSA, which is 100 meters away from the landmark. The whole area is now known as Monumento (English: Monument).

Highlights

The Balintawak Toll Barrier of the North Luzon Expressway located in Caloocan City.
The Light Rail Transit has a terminal at Monumento. The railway traverses Rizal Avenue Extension of Caloocan City, into the City of Manila and Pasay City. The whole stretch can be traveled in about 30 minutes.

Caloocan City's 10th Avenue area is well-known for the clusters of motorcycle dealers and motorcycle spare parts dealers. Among the major and famous streets are P. Zamora Street and A. Mabini Street.

The city's lone public university is the University of Caloocan City (formerly Caloocan City Polytechnic College). Other educational institution of higher learning are the University of the East - Caloocan,Holy Redeemer School of Caloocan, World Citi Colleges (formerly known as Holy Trinity School) and Manila Central Universitymarker. Several prestigious high schools, such as Notre Dame of Greater Manila, Caloocan City Science High School, Systems Plus Computer College, Philippine Cultural High School (Annex), St. Mary's Academy of Caloocan City (Known as SMACC and formerly known as OLGA or Our Lady of Grace Academy), St. Clare College of Caloocan, Mystical Rose School of Caloocan, Holy Infant Montessori Center, Saint Benedict School of Novalichesmarker,Saint Joseph College of Novaliches, and two campuses of La Consolacion College, are situated in the city - one in Novalichesmarker in District 1 and one located in front the main city hall in District 2.

The city hall is located on A. Mabini Avenue, across the street from San Roque Parish Cathedral. The old city hall, on the other hand, still stand today in its present location at 9th Avenue.

The North Luzon Expressway Operations and Maintenance Center and the Balintawak Toll Barrier are also housed in Caloocan City. Recently, the Manila North Tollways Corporation, the concession holder of the North Luzon Expressway, transferred its corporate offices from Pasig Citymarker to Caloocan City.

The Victory Liner Incorporated's headquarters and its terminal is located in Rizal Avenue Extension near the LRT Monumento Stationmarker.

Recently, rumors of an 'SM Caloocan'began appearing in certain blogs and forums. As of this date, there has been no official confirmation about the said mall, which will replace the old Kalookan Grand Plaza in Monumento area. But Point Design, Inc. has already published in its site renders for the proposed mall, hinting at the possibility of construction of SM Caloocan.

Mayors

Municipality of Caloocan
Period of Tenure Mayor
1902 - 1904 Pedro Sevilla
1904 - 1906 Silverio Baltazar
1906 - 1908 Tomas Susano
1908 - 1910 Leon Nadurata
1910 - 1913 Emilio Sanchez
1913 - 1915 Godofredo Herrera
1915 - 1921 Jose Sanchez
1922 - 1925 Dominador Aquino
1926 - 1928 Pablo Pablo
1928 - 1931 Dominador Aquino
1932 - 1940 Pablo Pablo
1941 - 1944 Cornelio Cordero
1945 - 1946 Oscar Baello
1946 - 1951 Jesus Basa
1952 - 1962 Macario Asistio, Sr.
City of Caloocan
Period of Tenure Mayor
1962 - 1971 Macario Asistio, Sr.
1972 - 1976 Marcial Samson
1976 - 1978 Alejandro Fider
1978 - 1980 Virgilio Robles
1980 - 1986 Macario Asistio, Jr.
1986 Virgilio Robles
1986 - 1988 Antonio Martinez
1988 - 1995 Macario Asistio, Jr.
1995 - 2004 Reynaldo Malonzo
2004 - present Enrico Echiverri


Barangays of Caloocan City

Caloocan City (South)
Barangay Zone Area
Barangay 1 1 Sangandaan
Barangay 2 1 Sangandaan
Barangay 3 1 Sangandaan
Barangay 4 1 Sangandaan
Barangay 5 1 Sangandaan
Barangay 6 1 Sangandaan
Barangay 7 1 Sangandaan
Barangay 8 1 Sangandaan
Barangay 9 1 Sangandaan
Barangay 10 1 Sangandaan
Barangay 11 1 Sangandaan
Barangay 12 1 Dagat-Dagatan
Barangay 13 2 Dagat-Dagatan
Barangay 14 2 Dagat-Dagatan
Barangay 15 2 Poblacion (A. Mabini)
Barangay 16 2 Poblacion (A. Mabini)
Barangay 17 2 Poblacion (A. Mabini)
Barangay 18 2 Poblacion (A. Mabini)
Barangay 19 2 Poblacion (A. Mabini)
Barangay 20 2 C-3 Road, Kaunlaran Village
Barangay 21 2 C-3 Road, Kaunlaran Village
Barangay 22 2 C-3 Road, Kaunlaran Village
Barangay 23 2 C-3 Road, Kaunlaran Village
Barangay 24 2 C-3 Road, Kaunlaran Village
Barangay 25 3 Maypajo
Barangay 26 3 Maypajo
Barangay 27 3 Maypajo
Barangay 28 3 Maypajo
Barangay 29 3 Maypajo
Barangay 30 3 Maypajo
Barangay 31 3 Maypajo
Barangay 32 3 Maypajo
Barangay 33 3 Maypajo
Barangay 34 3 Maypajo
Barangay 35 3 Maypajo
Barangay 36 4 Maypajo
Barangay 37 4 Maypajo
Barangay 38 4 Grace Park West
Barangay 39 4 Grace Park West
Barangay 40 4 Grace Park West
Barangay 41 4 Grace Park West
Barangay 42 4 Grace Park West
Barangay 43 4 Grace Park West
Barangay 44 4 Grace Park West
Barangay 45 4 Grace Park West
Barangay 46 4 Grace Park West
Barangay 47 4 Grace Park West
Barangay 48 4 Grace Park West
Barangay 49 5 Grace Park West
Barangay 50 5 Grace Park West
Barangay 51 5 Grace Park West
Barangay 52 5 Grace Park West
Barangay 53 5 Grace Park West
Barangay 54 5 Grace Park West
Barangay 55 5 Grace Park West
Barangay 56 5 Grace Park West
Barangay 57 5 Grace Park West
Barangay 58 5 Grace Park West
Barangay 59 6 Grace Park West
Barangay 60 6 Grace Park West
Barangay 61 6 Grace Park West
Barangay 62 6 Grace Park West
Barangay 63 6 Grace Park West
Barangay 64 6 Grace Park West
Barangay 65 6 Grace Park West
Barangay 66 6 Grace Park West
Barangay 67 6 Grace Park West
Barangay 68 6 Grace Park West
Barangay 69 6 Grace Park West
Barangay 70 6 Grace Park West
Barangay 71 7 Grace Park West
Barangay 72 7 Victory Liner Compound
Barangay 73 7 Samson Road, Heroes Del 96, PNR Compund
Barangay 74 7 Samson Road, Heroes Del 96, PNR Compund
Barangay 75 7 Samson Road, Heroes Del 96, PNR Compund
Barangay 76 7 Samson Road, Monumento
Barangay 77 7 Samson Road, Caimito Road
Barangay 78 7 Monumento
Barangay 79 7 Caimito Road
Barangay 80 7 University Hills Subdivision
Barangay 81 8 Morning Breeze Subdivision
Barangay 82 8 Morning Breeze Subdivision
Barangay 83 8 Morning Breeze Subdivision
Barangay 84 8 Morning Breeze Subdivision
Barangay 85 8 Morning Breeze Subdivision
Barangay 86 8 Grace Park East, Calaanan Compound
Barangay 87 8 Grace Park East
Barangay 88 8 Grace Park East, Ever Gotesco Grand Central
Barangay 89 8 Grace Park East
Barangay 90 8 Grace Park East
Barangay 91 8 Grace Park East
Barangay 92 8 Grace Park East
Barangay 93 8 Grace Park East
Barangay 94 9 Biglang-Awa
Barangay 95 9 Balintawak
Barangay 96 9 Grace Park East
Barangay 97 9 Grace Park East
Barangay 98 9 Grace Park East
Barangay 99 9 Dorotea Compound, Balintawak
Barangay 100 9 Grace Park East
Barangay 101 9 Grace Park East, Galino
Barangay 102 9 Galino, 9th Avenue
Barangay 103 9 Grace Park East
Barangay 104 9 Grace Park East
Barangay 105 9 Grace Park East
Barangay 106 10 Grace Park East
Barangay 107 10 Grace Park East
Barangay 108 10 Grace Park East
Barangay 109 10 Grace Park East
Barangay 110 10 Grace Park East
Barangay 111 10 Grace Park East
Barangay 112 10 Grace Park East
Barangay 113 10 Grace Park East
Barangay 114 10 Grace Park East
Barangay 115 10 Grace Park East
Barangay 116 10 Grace Park East
Barangay 117 10 Grace Park East
Barangay 118 10 Grace Park East
Barangay 119 10 Grace Park East
Barangay 120 10 Grace Park East
Barangay 121 11 Grace Park East
Barangay 122 11 Grace Park East
Barangay 123 11 Grace Park East
Barangay 124 11 Grace Park East
Barangay 125 11 Grace Park East
Barangay 126 11 Barrio San Jose
Barangay 127 11 Barrio San Jose
Barangay 128 11 Barrio San Jose
Barangay 129 11 Barrio San Jose
Barangay 130 11 Barrio San Jose
Barangay 131 11 Barrio San Jose
Barangay 132 12 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 133 12 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 134 12 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 135 12 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 136 12 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 137 12 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 138 12 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 139 12 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 140 12 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 141 12 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 142 13 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 143 13 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 144 13 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 145 13 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 146 13 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 147 13 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 148 13 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 149 13 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 150 13 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 151 13 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 152 13 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 153 13 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 154 13 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 155 13 Bagong Barrio West
Barangay 156 14 Bagong Barrio East
Barangay 157 14 Bagong Barrio East
Barangay 158 14 Baesa, Eternal Gardens Memorial Park
Barangay 159 14 Baesa
Barangay 160 14 Libis Baesa, Baesa, Santa Quiteria
Barangay 161 14 Libis Reparo
Barangay 162 14 Santa Quiteria
Barangay 163 14 Talipapa, Novaliches
Barangay 164 14 Talipapa, Novaliches
Caloocan City (North)
Barangay Zone Area
Barangay 165 15 Bagbaguin
Barangay 166 15 Kaybiga
Barangay 167 15 Llano
Barangay 168 15 Deparo
Barangay 169 15 Estrella Homes, Santa Fe Homesite, BF Homes - Novaliches
Barangay 170 15 Amparo Novaville, SM Homes, Cefels 2 Subd. Deparo II
Barangay 171 15 Bagumbong
Barangay 172 15 Urduja Village, Merry Homes II, Zabarte, Novaliches
Barangay 173 15 Palmera Spring II, Senate Village, Hillcrest Village
Barangay 174 15 Camarin
Barangay 175 15 Camarin
Barangay 176 15 Bagong Silang
Barangay 177 15 Cielito Homes, Capitol Parkland Franville IV
Barangay 178 15 Camarin D
Barangay 179 16 Amparo Subdivision, Dela Costa Homes II
Barangay 180 16 Miramonte Heights Subd., Soldiers Hills III Subd., Victory Heights subd.
Barangay 181 16 Pangarap Village
Barangay 182 16 Pangarap Village
Barangay 183 16 Midway Park Subd., Mountain Heights Subd., Tala
Barangay 184 16 Bankers' Village II, Cefels Park III, Tala
Barangay 185 16 Baracks II, Malaria, Tala
Barangay 186 16 NHC Village, Tala
Barangay 187 16 Barrio San Lazaro, Barrio San Jose, Barrio Santo NiƱo, Barrio San Roque, Sto Cristo, San Isidro, Tala
Barangay 188 16 Phase 12, Riverside, Concepcion, Sta Rita Tala


Controversy

Caloocan originally had an area of 15,000 hectares. In 1939, when Quezon Citymarker was created, 1,500 hectares of land from Caloocan was given to the newly-created capital city. But the people, instead of opposing it, willingly gave land to Quezon City, realizing it will be good for the Philippines' new capital.

However, in 1949, the Philippine Congress enacted Republic Act 333, which redefined the Caloocan-Quezon City boundary, by giving another 8,100 heactares of land to Quezon City. This caused the division of Caloocan into two separate parts - the South section being the urbanized part, while the North section being subrural.

Sister Cities



References

  1. Caloocan Population Census Bureau of the Philippines. Retrieved 20 June 2009.
  2. Caloocan City Barangay Directory Zone 1 Retrieved July 8, 2009
  3. Caloocan City Barangay Directory Zone 2 Retrieved July 8, 2009
  4. Caloocan City Barangay Directory Zone 3 Retrieved July 8, 2009
  5. Caloocan City Barangay Directory Zone 4 Retrieved July 8, 2009
  6. Caloocan City Barangay Directory Zone 5 Retrieved July 8, 2009
  7. Caloocan City Barangay Directory Zone 6 Retrieved July 8, 2009
  8. Caloocan City Barangay Directory Zone 7 Retrieved July 8, 2009
  9. Caloocan City Barangay Directory Zone 8 Retrieved July 8, 2009
  10. Caloocan City Barangay Directory Zone 9 Retrieved July 8, 2009
  11. Caloocan City Barangay Directory Zone 10 Retrieved July 8, 2009
  12. Caloocan City Barangay Directory Zone 11 Retrieved July 8, 2009
  13. Caloocan City Barangay Directory Zone 12 Retrieved July 8, 2009
  14. Caloocan City Barangay Directory Zone 13 Retrieved July 8, 2009
  15. Caloocan City Barangay Directory Zone 14 Retrieved July 8, 2009
  16. Caloocan City Barangay Directory zone 15 Retrieved July 8, 2009
  17. Caloocan City Barangay Directory Zone 16 Retrieved July 8, 2009


External links




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