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Calw ( ; locally ) is a municipality in the middle of Baden-Württembergmarker in the south of Germanymarker, capital of the district Calwmarker. It is located in the northern Black Forestmarker.

History

Calw was first mentioned in records in 1075. In the 11th century the city grew around the older castle of the Grafen (Earls) of Calw. In the Middle Ages Calw was an important commercial town especially for the trade of cloth and leather. In the 18th century Calw flourished from lumbers trade and rafting of timber on the Nagold river.During World War II, a small subcamp of Natzweiler-Struthofmarker Concentration camp, where parts for aircrafts where assembled by female forced laborers, was located here.

Important Facts and Figures on Calw



Tourism and Importance

Calw is heavily pedestrianised, and has begun catering for the tourist trade with numerous shops, restaurants, bistros and ice-cream parlours being opened. This growth has allowed Calw to be considered a large town at the centre of its district.

Famous residents



Twinnings



Notes



Image:Calw Marktplatz.jpgImage:Calw schnaufer1.jpgImage:Calw schnaufer2.jpgImage:Calw-marktplatz01.jpgImage:Calw-marktplatz02.jpgImage:Calw-nikolauskapelle.jpgImage:Calw-stadtkirche.jpgImage:Calw nikolausbruecke.jpg


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