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Cambridgeshire
Geography
Status Ceremonial & (smaller) Non-metropolitan county
Region East of England
Area

- Total

- Admin. council

- Admin. area
Ranked 15th

3,389 km²

Ranked 15th

3,046 km²
Admin HQ Cambridgemarker
ISO 3166-2 GB-CAM
ONS code 12
NUTS 3 UKH12
Demographics
Population

- Total ( )

- Density

- Admin. council

- Admin. pop.
Ranked



/ km²

Ranked

Ethnicity 94.6% White

2.6% S.Asian
Politics


Cambridgeshire County Council

Executive
Lieutenancy
Members of Parliament
Districts
  1. Cambridgemarker
  2. South Cambridgeshiremarker
  3. Huntingdonshiremarker
  4. Fenlandmarker
  5. East Cambridgeshiremarker
  6. Peterboroughmarker (Unitary)
Cambridgeshire ( or ; also known, archaically, as the County of Cambridge; abbreviated Cambs.) is a county in Englandmarker, bordering Lincolnshiremarker to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshiremarker to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshiremarker to the west. Modern Cambridgeshire was formed from the historic counties of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshiremarker, together with the Isle of Elymarker and the Soke of Peterborough; it contains most of the region known as Silicon Fen. The county town is Cambridgemarker.

Cambridgeshire is twinned with Kreis Viersenmarker in Germanymarker.

History

Cambridgeshire is noted as the site of some of the earliest known Neolithic permanent settlements in the United Kingdommarker, along with sites at Fengatemarker and Balbridiemarker.

Cambridgeshire was recorded in the Domesday Book as "Grantbridgeshire" (or rather Grentebrigescire) (cf the river Granta).Covering a large part of East Angliamarker, Cambridgeshire today is the result of several local government unifications. In 1888 when county councils were introduced, separate councils were set up, following the traditional division of Cambridgeshire, for
  • the area in the south around Cambridge, and
  • the liberty of the Isle of Elymarker.
In 1965, these two administrative counties were merged to form Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely.Under the Local Government Act 1972 this merged with the county to the west, Huntingdon and Peterborough (which had itself been created in 1965 by the merger of Huntingdonshiremarker with the Soke of Peterborough - previously a part of Northamptonshiremarker which had its own county council). The resulting county was called simply Cambridgeshire.

Since 1998 the City of Peterboroughmarker has been a separately administered area, as a unitary authority, but is associated with Cambridgeshire for ceremonial purposes such as Lieutenancy, and functions such as policing and the fire service.

In 2002, the conservation charity Plantlife unofficially designated Cambridgeshire's county flower as the Pasqueflower.

A great quantity of archaeological finds from the Stone Age, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age were made in East Cambridgeshiremarker. Most items were found in Islehammarker.

The Cambridgeshire Regiment (or Fen Tigers) county based army unit fought in South Africa, WWI and WWII.

Due to its flat terrain and proximity to the continent, many RAF and USAAF bases were built for Bomber Command in WW2. In recognition of this, the only American WW2 burial ground in England is located in Madingley Cambridge American Cemetery and Memorialmarker.

Most English counties have nicknames for their people, such as a Tyke from Yorkshiremarker and a Yellowbelly from Lincolnshiremarker; the traditional nicknames for people from Cambridgeshire are 'Cambridgeshire Camel' or 'Cambridgeshire Crane', referring to the wildfowl which were once abundant in the fens.

Original historical documents relating to Cambridgeshire are held by Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies.

Geography

Large areas of the county are extremely low-lying and Holme Fen is notable for being the UK's lowest physical point at 2.75 m (9 ft) below sea level. The highest point is in the village of Great Chishillmarker at 146 m (480 ft) above sea level. Other prominent hills are Little Trees Hillmarker and Wandlebury Hillmarker in the Gog Magog Downsmarker, Rivey Hillmarker above Lintonmarker, Rowley's Hillmarker and the Madingley Hills.

Politics

Cambridgeshire contains seven Parliamentary constituencies: Cambridgemarker, Huntingdon, North East Cambridgeshiremarker, North West Cambridgeshiremarker, Peterboroughmarker, South Cambridgeshiremarker, and South East Cambridgeshiremarker.

Economy

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Cambridgeshire at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of English Pounds Sterling.
Year Regional Gross Value Added Agriculture Industry Services
1995 5,896 228 1,646 4,022
2000 7,996 166 2,029 5,801
2003 10,154 207 2,195 7,752


AWG plc is based in Huntingdon. The RAF has a few bases in the Huntingdon and St Ivesmarker area. Most of Cambridgeshire is agricultural. Close to Cambridge is the so-called Silicon Fen area of high-technology (electronics, computing and biotechnology) companies. ARM Limited is based in Cherry Hintonmarker.

Education

Primary and secondary

Cambridgeshire has a completely comprehensive education system with 12 independent schools and over 240 state schools, not including sixth form colleges.

Some of the secondary schools act as Village Colleges, institutions unique to Cambridgeshire. For example Bottisham Village Collegemarker.

Tertiary

The University of Cambridgemarker is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and is regarded as one of the most prestigious academic institutions in the world. One of the campuses of Anglia Ruskin Universitymarker is located in Cambridge as is one of the regional centres of the Open Universitymarker.

Settlements

These are the settlements in Cambridgeshire with a town charter, city status or a population over 5,000; for a complete list of settlements see list of places in Cambridgeshire.
Heraldic badge of the county council


The town of Newmarketmarker is surrounded on three sides by Cambridgeshire, being connected by a narrow strip of land to the rest of Suffolk.

Climate

Places of interest





Famous people from Cambridgeshire

Map of the Cambridgeshire area (1904)
As well as those born in the county there are many notable people from, or associated with, Cambridgeshire who moved there, particularly due to the presence of Cambridge University.

Cambridgeshire lays claim to Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell, Prime Minister John Major, businessmen Henry Royce and Peter Boizot, social reformers Octavia Hill and Thomas Clarkson, and economist John Maynard Keynes. Scientists include Brian J. Ford and Stephen Hawking, and Nobel laureate Harold Kroto. Literary figures who hail from Cambridgeshire include John Clare, Samuel Pepys, Lucy M. Boston, Jeffrey Archer, and Douglas Adams ,Olaudah Equiano.

In entertainment, cartoonist Ronald Searle, comedian Rory McGrath, television presenter Sarah Cawood, and radio sports presenter Adrian Durham are all from Cambridgeshire. Paul Nicholas, Richard Attenborough and Warwick Davis are all associated with film, while musicians include Andrew Eldritch, lead singer of The Sisters of Mercy; Andy Bell, lead singer for Erasure; David Gilmour, Roger Waters and Roger Keith "Syd" Barrett of Pink Floyd; Don Airey, keyboardist in the rock band Deep Purple; trombonist Don Lusher; Keith Palmer, of dance music band The Prodigy; Nigel Sixsmith, founding member of The Art Of Sound and well known Keytar player; Matt Bellamy and Operatic Bass-Baritone, Darren Jeffery. Athletes Joe Bugner, Sir Jack Hobbs, Louis Smith and Marty Scurll are also from the county.Richard Garriott, televangelist Peter Foxhall, and Hereward the Wake are from Cambridgeshire.

See also



References

  1. Hierarchical list of the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics and the statistical regions of Europe The European Commission, Statistical Office of the European Communities (retrieved 06 January 2008)
  2. The Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely Order 1964 (SI 1964/366), see Local Government Commission for England , Report and Proposals for the East Midlands General Review Area (Report No.3), 31 July 1961 and Report and Proposals for the Lincolnshire and East Anglia General Review Area (Report No.9), 7 May 1965
  3. The English Non-Metropolitan Districts (Definition) Order 1972 (SI 1972/2039) Part 5: County of Cambridgeshire
  4. The Cambridgeshire (City of Peterborough) (Structural, Boundary and Electoral Changes) Order 1996 (SI 1996/1878), see Local Government Commission for England , Final Recommendations for the Future Local Government of Cambridgeshire, October 1994 and Final Recommendations on the Future Local Government of Basildon & Thurrock, Blackburn & Blackpool, Broxtowe, Gedling & Rushcliffe, Dartford & Gravesham, Gillingham & Rochester upon Medway, Exeter, Gloucester, Halton & Warrington, Huntingdonshire & Peterborough, Northampton, Norwich, Spelthorne and the Wrekin, December 1995
  5. Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  6. includes hunting and forestry
  7. includes energy and construction
  8. includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured


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