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Cambridgeshire is a former United Kingdommarker Parliamentarymarker constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commonsmarker of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdommarker from 1801 to 1885. It was represented by two Knights of the Shire until 1832, when the number of members was increased to three. It was divided between the constituencies of Chesterton, Newmarket and Wisbech in 1885.

The parliamentary county was again reconstituted in 1918. In 1983, when the redistribution of seats took place on the basis of the expanded post-1974 Cambridgeshire, the constituency was divided between the new constituencies of North East Cambridgeshiremarker (including a small part of Peterborough), South East Cambridgeshiremarker and South West Cambridgeshire (including a minority of territory from the former Huntingdonshire).

Boundaries

1290-1653, 1658-1885: The historic county of Cambridgeshire. (Although Cambridgeshire contained the borough of Cambridgemarker, which elected two MPs in its own right, this was not excluded from the county constituency, and owning property within the borough could confer a vote at the county election. In the elections of 1830 and 1831, about an eighth of the votes cast for the county came from within Cambridge itself. The city of Ely also elected its own MPs in 1295.)

1654-1658 The historic county was divided for the First and the Second Protectorate Parliaments , between the two-member Isle of Elymarker area and the four-member constituency consisting of the rest of the county.

1918-1983: The administrative county of Cambridgeshire, excluding the Municipal Borough of Cambridge.

Members of Parliament

  • Constituency created (1290)

MPs 1660-1832

Year First member First party Second member Second party
1660 Thomas Wendy Isaac Thornton
1661 Thomas Chicheley
1674 Sir Thomas Hatton, Bt
February 1679 Gerard Russell Edward Partherich
August 1679 Sir Levinus Bennet, Bt Tory Sir Robert Cotton
1693 The Lord Cutts
1695 Edward Russell Whig
1697 Sir Rushout Cullen, Bt
1702 Granado Pigot
1705 John Bromley
1707 John Bromley
1710 John Jenyns
1717 Robert Clarke
1718 Francis Whichcote
1722 Sir John Hynde Cotton, Bt Lord Harley
1724 Samuel Shepheard
1727 Henry Bromley
1741 Soame Jenyns
1747 Viscount Royston Whig
1754 Marquess of Granby
1764 Sir John Hynde Cotton, Bt
1770 Sir Sampson Gideon, Bt
1780 Lord Robert Manners Viscount Royston Whig
1782 Sir Henry Peyton, Bt
1789 James Whorwood Adeane
1790 Charles Philip Yorke Tory
May 1802 Sir Henry Peyton, Bt
July 1802 Lord Charles Manners
1810 Lord Francis Osborne
1830 Henry John Adeane
1831 Richard Greaves Townley


MPs 1832-1885

  • Third member added (1832)
Election First member First party Second member Second party Third member Third party
1832 Richard Greaves Townley Conservative Charles Yorke Conservative John Walbanke Childers Liberal
1835 Eliot Yorke Conservative Richard Jefferson Eaton Conservative
1841 John Peter Allix Conservative
1847 Richard Greaves Townley Liberal Lord George Manners Conservative
1852 Edward Ball Conservative
1857 Henry John Adeane Liberal
1863 by-election Lord George Manners Conservative
1865 Viscount Royston Conservative Richard Young Liberal
1868 Hon. Sir Henry Brand Liberal
January 1874 by-election Hon. Elliot Yorke Conservative
October 1874 Benjamin Rodwell Conservative
1879 by-election Edward Hicks Conservative
1881 by-election James Redfoord Bulwer Conservative
1884 by-election Arthur John Thornhill Conservative
1885 Constituency abolished


MPs 1918-1983

Election Member Party
1918 Hon. Edwin Samuel Montagu Liberal
1922 Harold William Stannus Gray Unionist
1923 Richard George Briscoe Unionist
1945 A. E. Stubbs Labour
1950 Gerald Howard Conservative
1961 by-election Francis Pym Conservative
1983 Constituency abolished


Elections

References

  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
  • British Parliamentary Constituencies: A Statistical Compendium, by Ivor Crewe and Anthony Fox (Faber and Faber 1984)
  • John Cannon, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973)


See also




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