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Camden County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jerseymarker. As of the 2000 Census, the population was 508,932. Its county seat is Camdenmarker . It was formed on March 13, 1844, from portions of Gloucester Countymarker.

This county is part of the Delaware Valley area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 228 square miles (589 km²), of which, 222 square miles (576 km²) of it is land and 5 square miles (14 km²) of it (2.32%) is water.

Located in a coastal/alluvial plain area, the county is uniformly flat and low-lying. The highest points are a survey benchmark near the Burlington Countymarker line at 219 feet (66.7 m) above sea level, and another nearby area at least . The low point is sea level, along the Delaware River.

Adjacent counties



National protected area



Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 508,932 people, 185,744 households, and 129,835 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,289 people per square mile (884/km²). There were 199,679 housing units at an average density of 898 per square mile (347/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.88% White American, 18.09% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.09% from other races, and 1.93% from two or more races. 9.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.9% were of Italian, 15.4% Irish, 10.5% German and 5.3% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 185,744 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $48,097, and the median income for a family was $57,429. Males had a median income of $41,609 versus $30,470 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,354. About 8.1% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

While most of its boroughs are working class, Camden County has many contrasts in its demographics. Most of Camdenmarker and parts of Lindenwoldmarker are considered highly impoverished, while Cherry Hill Townshipmarker, Voorhees Townshipmarker, Haddon Heightsmarker, and Haddonfieldmarker have a number of upper-class enclaves.

Government

The county is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of seven members elected at-large for three-year terms on a staggered basis by the residents of the county. As of 2008, Camden County's Freeholders are:

In addition, the voters also elect a sheriff (Charles H. Billingham), a county clerk (James Beach), and a surrogate (Patricia Egan Jones). The Camden County Prosecutor is appointed by the Governor of New Jersey with the advice and consent of the New Jersey Senate (the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature).

As with most counties in the state, the court system consists of municipal courts for each township, borough and city, as well as a New Jersey Superior Court for the county. The latter handles the more serious criminal and civil cases, while the municipal courts handle traffic and other minor items.

Politics

Presidential elections results
Year GOP Dems
2008 32.0% 68,072 66.9% 142,433
2004 36.9% 81,427 62.4% 137,765
2000 31.7% 62,464 64.6% 127,166
1996 27.8% 52,791 60.6% 114,962
1992 31.9% 67,205 49.7% 104,915
1988 52.0% 100,072 47.1% 90,704
1984 54.6% 109,749 44.9% 90,233
1980 47.1% 87,939 42.8% 80,033
1976 42.3% 82,801 55.6% 108,854
1972 58.8% 111,935 39.5% 75,202
1968 41.1% 77,642 46.2% 87,347
1964 32.8% 124,620 67.1% 147,189
1960 45.1% 102,083 54.7% 84,066


Camden County has long been a Democratic stronghold. The county usually votes overwhelmingly Democratic in national, state, and local elections. Almost all of the county is in the 1st congressional district, which has a CPVI score of D+14. In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, John Kerry carried the county by a 25.5% margin over George W. Bush, with Kerry carrying the state by 6.7% over Bush. Barack Obama carried the county by 34.8% over John McCain in the 2008 U.S. Presidential election. Obama won New Jersey by 14.7%. There are 158,165 unaffiliated voters, 139,147 Democrats, and 43,669 Republicans registered in the county.

Municipalities

Index map of Camden County Municipalities (click to see index key)


Historical municipalities



Education

Camden County Collegemarker is a two-year public community college serving students from Camden County. the school has campuses in Blackwoodmarker, Camdenmarker and Cherry Hill Townshipmarker and was founded in 1967.

Rutgers University-Camdenmarker is located in the downtown/waterfront district of Camden.

School of Osteopathic Medicine is located in Stratford.

References

External links




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