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Camille Chautemps (1 February 1885 in Parismarker 1 July 1963 in Washington, D.C.marker, U.S.marker) was a Frenchmarker Radical politician of the Third Republic, three times President of the Council (Prime Minister).

Career

Chautemps entered politics and became Mayor of Toursmarker in 1912, and a Radical deputy in 1919. Between 1924 and 1926, he served in the center-left coalition governments of Édouard Herriot, Paul Painlevé and Aristide Briand, and became President of the Council briefly in 1930. Again in center-left governments in 1932-1934, he served as Interior Minister, and became Prime Minister again in November 1933. He resigned his posts in January 1934 as a result of the Stavisky Affair.

In Léon Blum's Popular Front government of 1936, Chautemps was a Minister of State, and then succeeded Blum at the head of the government from June 1937 to March 1938.

Pursuing the program of the Popular Front, he proceeded to nationalize the railroads and create the SNCF. He resigned shortly before the Anschluss, and served from April 1938 to 1940 as Vice-President of the Council in the governments of Édouard Daladier and Paul Reynaud.

As a cabinet member in 1940, he was among the first to suggest the surrender of France to Nazi Germany. He held a ministry in the Vichy government (see Vichy Regime) but broke with Philippe Petain's government after arriving in the U.S. on an official mission. He lived in the U.S. for much of the rest of his life. After World War II, a French court convicted him in absentia for collaborating with the enemy).

Chautemps's First Ministry, 21 February - 2 March 1930



Chautemps's Second Ministry, 26 November 1933 - 30 January 1934



Changes
  • 9 January 1934 - Lucien Lamoureux succeeds Dalimier as Minister of Colonies. Eugène Frot succeeds Lamoureux as Minister of Labour and Social Security Provisions. William Bertrand succeeds Frot as Minister of Merchant Marine.


Chautemps's Third Ministry, 22 June 1937 - 18 January 1938



Chautemps's Fourth Ministry, 18 January - 13 March 1938



References


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