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Camperdown is an inner-city suburb of Sydneymarker, in the state of New South Walesmarker, Australia. Camperdown is located 4 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business districtmarker and is part of the Inner West region. Camperdown lies across the local government area of the City of Sydneymarker and Marrickville Councilmarker.

Camperdown is a heavily-populated suburb, home to the Royal Prince Alfred Hospitalmarker, the University of Sydney and the historic Camperdown Cemetery. It was also once home to the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Childrenmarker, which was relocated to be next to Westmead Hospitalmarker in Sydney's west. The hospital buildings and grounds have been redeveloped into apartment complexes.

Image:Camperdown Royal Prince Alfred Hospital 1.JPG|Royal Prince Alfred HospitalmarkerImage:Camperdown Royal Prince Alfred Hospital 2.JPG|RPA Albert PavilionImage:Camperdown Royal Prince Alfred Hospital 3.JPG|Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

History

Camperdown takes its name from the Battle of Camperdown (or Camperduinmarker in Dutch). It was named by William Bligh who received a grant of 240 acres (1 kmĀ²) of land covering present day Camperdown and parts of Newtownmarker. The land passed to Bligh's son-in-law Maurice O'Connell, Commandant of the New South Wales Corps when Bligh returned to Englandmarker. Camperdown was established as a residential and farming area in the early 19th century.

In 1827, a racecourse was opened on land where the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital now stands. The University of Sydney was incorporated in 1850 and its first building were designed by Edmund Blacket (1817-1883). In 1859, Blacket's Great Hall was opened at the university.

Education

A large part of Camperdown is taken up by the University of Sydney and the residential colleges within the university. These colleges include: St John's Collegemarker, St Andrew's College, St Paul's College, Sancta Sophia Collegemarker, Wesley College, Mandelbaum House, The Women's College,and International House.Image:University of Sydney Main Quadrangle.jpg|Main Quadrangle, University of SydneyImage:Camperdown St Andrews College.JPG|St Andrew's College, University of SydneyImage:Camperdown St Johns College.JPG|St John's College, University of SydneymarkerImage:Camperdown Womens College.JPG|The Women's College, University of Sydney

Houses

In common with neighbouring inner city suburbs such as Newtown and Enmore, Camperdown has large areas of Victorian terraced housing, including many examples of single storey terraces. There are several examples of semi-detached houses which became popular around the time of Australia's Federation at the turn of the 20th century. With the advent of gentrification, from the late 20th century, modern infill development now tends to be sympathetic with the traditional Victorian and Edwardian streetscapes .Image:Single Storey Terraces.jpg|Modest Terraced HomesImage:Rare Weatherboard Terraces.jpg|Rare Weatherboard TerracesImage:Former Corner Store.jpg|Former Corner StoreImage:Sympathetic Modern Development.jpg|Sympathetic 'Infill'

References

  1. The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8


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