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The Canadian national ice hockey team is the national men's ice hockey team of Canadamarker. The team is overseen by Hockey Canada, a member of the International Ice Hockey Federation, and participates in international competitions. From 1920 until 1963, Canada's international representation was by senior amateur club teams. Canada's national men's team was founded in 1963 by Father David Bauer as a part of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association, playing out of the University of British Columbiamarker.

The nickname "Team Canada" was christened for the 1972 Summit Series and has been frequently used to refer to the Canadian national team ever since. Canadamarker has been one of the leading national ice hockey teams in international play, winning the 1972 Summit Series against the Soviet Unionmarker, four of five Canada Cups dating back to 1976, winning the 2002 Winter Olympics, four consecutive IIHF World Championships and the 2004 World Cup of Hockey.

Canada has a total of 574,125 players registered nationwide, 1.76% of its population. The current coach is Mike Babcock. Canada is currently ranked second in the IIHF World Ranking.

History

From 1920 until 1963, the senior amateur club teams representing Canada, were usually the most recent Allan Cup champions. The last senior team to win a gold medal at the World Championship was the Trail Smoke Eaters in 1961.

Following the 1963 World Championships, Father David Bauer founded the national team as a permanent institution. The new permanent national team first competed at the 1964 Winter Olympics. Since 1964, the national team has one Olympic gold medal, and five world championship wins.

Before the emergence of the Soviet Union, Canada dominated hockey, winning six out of seven golds at the Olympics before 1956 and 13 world championship gold medals before 1961. From 1954 to 1991, Canada was able to win only four World Championships and no Winter Olympic Gold medals when the Soviet, Czechoslovak, and Swedish teams dominated. This was in part because Canada's best professional players were unable to attend these events as they had commitments with their respective National Hockey League teams.

Canada withdrew from official IIHF events in 1970 and the National Team programme was suspended after they were refused permission to use semi-professional players at the world championship. Canada returned to the IIHF in 1977 after a series of negotiations between IIHF President Dr. Sabetzki and top officials of professional ice hockey in Canada and the United States of Americamarker. Canadians and Americans were allowed to enhance their world championship teams with professional players; and the world championships were scheduled as late as possible to ensure more players would be available from among the NHL teams eliminated from the Stanley Cup playoffs.

In return, a competition for the "Canada Cup" was to be played every four years on North American territory with the participation of Canadamarker, the United Statesmarker, and the four strongest European national teams, including professionals.

In 1983, Hockey Canada began the "Programme of Excellence", whose purpose was to prepare a team for the Winter Olympics every four years. This new National Team played a full season together all over the world against both national and club teams, and often attracted top NHL prospects, veteran pros with NHL experience and, in a few cases, current NHLers who were holding out in contract disputes. This programme was discontinued in 1998, when the NHL began shutting down to allow its players to compete.

Retired numbers

  1. Steve Yzerman
  2. Mario Lemieux
  3. Wayne Gretzky


List of teams representing Canada from 1920 to 1963

Event Team Hometown of the teams are...
1920 Summer Olympics Winnipeg Falcons Winnipegmarker, Manitobamarker
1924 Winter Olympics Toronto Granites Torontomarker, Ontariomarker
1928 Winter Olympics University of Toronto Torontomarker, Ontariomarker
1930 World Championships Toronto CCMs Toronto, Ontariomarker
1931 World Championships University of Manitobamarker Winnipegmarker, Manitobamarker
1932 Winter Olympics Winnipeg Hockey Club Winnipegmarker, Manitobamarker
1933 World Championships Toronto National Sea Fleas Torontomarker, Ontariomarker
1934 World Championships Saskatoon Quakers Saskatoonmarker, Saskatchewanmarker
1935 World Championships Winnipeg Monarchs Winnipegmarker, Manitobamarker
1936 Winter Olympics Port Arthur Bearcats Port Arthur, Ontariomarker
1937 World Championships Kimberley Dynamiters Kimberley, British Columbiamarker
1938 World Championships Sudbury Wolves Sudbury, Ontariomarker
1939 World Championships Trail Smoke Eaters Trail, British Columbiamarker
World Championships not held from 1940–1946 during World War II.
1947 World Championships Did not participate
1948 Winter Olympics RCAF Flyers RCAF Station Trentonmarker, Ontariomarker
1949 World Championships Sudbury Wolves Sudbury, Ontariomarker
1950 World Championships Edmonton Mercurys Edmontonmarker, Albertamarker
1951 World Championships Lethbridge Maple Leafs Lethbridgemarker, Albertamarker
1952 Winter Olympics Edmonton Mercurys Edmontonmarker, Albertamarker
1953 World Championships Did not participate
1954 World Championships East York Lyndhursts East York, Ontariomarker
1955 World Championships Penticton Vees Pentictonmarker, British Columbiamarker
1956 Winter Olympics Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen KitchenermarkerWaterloomarker, Ontariomarker
1957 World Championships Did not participate
1958 World Championships Whitby Dunlops Whitby, Ontariomarker
1959 World Championships Belleville McFarlands Belleville, Ontariomarker
1960 Winter Olympics Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen KitchenermarkerWaterloomarker, Ontariomarker
1961 World Championships Trail Smoke Eaters Trail, British Columbiamarker
1962 World Championships Galt Terriers Galt, Ontariomarker
1963 World Championships Trail Smoke Eaters Trail, British Columbiamarker


Coaches

List of coaches of the Canada men's national ice hockey team.

Olympics
  1. Gordon Sigurjonson, 1920
  2. Frank Rankin, 1924
  3. Conn Smythe, 1928
  4. Jack Hughes, 1932
  5. Al Pudas, 1936
  6. Sgt. Frank Boucher, 1948
  7. Louis Holmes, 1952
  8. Bobby Bauer, 1956, 1960
  9. Father David Bauer, 1964
  10. Jackie McLeod, 1968
  11. Lorne Davis, Clare Drake, Tom Watt (co-coaches), 1980
  12. Dave King, 1984, 1988, 1992
  13. Tom Renney, 1994
  14. Marc Crawford, 1998
  15. Pat Quinn, 2002, 2006
  16. Mike Babcock, 2010


Canada/World Cups
  1. Harry Sinden, 1972 Summit Series
  2. Bill Harris, 1974 Summit Series
  3. Scotty Bowman, 1976, 1981 Canada Cups
  4. Glen Sather, 1984 Canada Cup
  5. Mike Keenan, 1987 and 1991 Canada Cups
  6. Glen Sather, 1996 World Cup
  7. Pat Quinn, 2004 World Cup
World Championships
  1. Les Allen, 1930
  2. Blake Wilson, 1931
  3. Harold Ballard, 1933
  4. Johnny Walker, 1934
  5. Scotty Oliver, 1935
  6. John Achtzener, 1937
  7. Max Silverman, 1938
  8. Elmer Piper, 1939
  9. Max Silverman, 1949
  10. Jimmy Graham, 1950
  11. Dick Gray, 1951
  12. Greg Currie, 1954
  13. Grant Warwick, 1955
  14. Sid Smith, 1958
  15. Ike Hildebrand, 1959
  16. Lloyd Roubell, 1961, 1962
  17. Bobby Kromm, 1963
  18. Gordon Simpson, 1965
  19. Jackie McLeod, 1966, 1967, 1969
  20. Johnny Wilson, 1977
  21. Harry Howell, 1978
  22. Marshall Johnston, 1979
  23. Don Cherry, 1981
  24. Red Berenson, 1982
  25. Dave King, 1983
  26. Doug Carpenter, 1985
  27. Pat Quinn, 1986
  28. Dave King, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992
  29. Mike Keenan, 1993
  30. George Kingston, 1994
  31. Tom Renney, 1995, 1996
  32. Andy Murray, 1997, 1998
  33. Mike Johnston, 1999
  34. Tom Renney, 2000
  35. Wayne Fleming, 2001, 2002
  36. Andy Murray, 2003
  37. Joel Quenneville, 2004
  38. Marc Habscheid, 2005, 2006
  39. Andy Murray, 2007
  40. Ken Hitchcock, 2008
  41. Lindy Ruff, 2009


Competition achievements

Olympic Games

All Olympic ice hockey tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships.

Games Representative GP W L T GF GA Coach Manager/GM Captain Finish Ref.
1920 Antwerp Winnipeg Falcons 3 3 0 0 21 1
1924 Chamonix Toronto Granites 5 5 0 0 110 3
1928 St. Moritz University of Toronto Grads 3 3 0 0 38 0
1932 Lake Placid Winnipeg Hockey Club 6 5 0 1 32 4
1936 Garmisch-
Partenkirchen
Port Arthur Bearcats 8 7 1 0 54 7
1948 St. Moritz RCAF Flyers 8 7 0 1 69 5
1952 Oslo Edmonton Mercurys 8 7 0 1 71 14
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen 8 6 2 0 53 12
1960 Squaw Valley Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen 7 6 1 0 55 15
1964 Innsbruck 7 5 2 0 32 17 4th
1968 Grenoble 7 5 2 0 28 15
1980 Lake Placid 6 3 3 0 29 18



6th
1984 Sarajevo 7 4 3 0 24 16 4th
1988 Calgary 8 5 2 1 31 21 4th
1992 Albertville 8 6 2 0 37 17
1994 Lillehammer 8 5 2 1 27 19
1998 Nagano 6 4 2 0 19 8 4th
2002 Salt Lake City 6 4 1 1 22 14
2006 Turin 6 3 3 0 15 11 7th
2010 Vancouver


Summit Series



Canada Cup

  • 1976 - Won championship
  • 1981 - Lost Final
  • 1984 - Won championship
  • 1987 - Won championship
  • 1991 - Won championship


World Cup of Hockey

  • 1996 - Lost, Final
  • 2004 - Won the World Cup


World Championships

All Olympic ice hockey tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships. The 1920 Olympics were the first world championship. IIHF World Championships were not held during the Winter Olympic years of 1980, 1984 or 1988.

Year Location Result
1920 Antwerpmarker, Belgiummarker Gold
1924 Chamonixmarker, Francemarker Gold
1928 St. Moritzmarker, Switzerlandmarker Gold
1930 Chamonixmarker, Francemarker; Berlinmarker, Germanymarker; Viennamarker, Austriamarker Gold
1931 Krynica, Polandmarker Gold
1932 Lake Placid, New Yorkmarker Gold
1933 Praguemarker, Czechoslovakiamarker Silver
1934 Milanmarker, Italymarker Gold
1935 Davosmarker, Switzerlandmarker Gold
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchenmarker, Germanymarker Silver
1937 Londonmarker, Great Britainmarker Gold
1938 Praguemarker, Czechoslovakiamarker Gold
1939 Zürichmarker / Baselmarker, Switzerlandmarker Gold
World Championships not held from 1940–1946 during World War II.
1947 Did not participate
1948 St. Moritzmarker, Switzerlandmarker Gold
1949 Stockholmmarker, Swedenmarker Silver
1950 Londonmarker, Great Britainmarker Gold
1951 Parismarker, Francemarker Gold
1952 Oslomarker, Norwaymarker Gold
1953 Did not participate
1954 Stockholmmarker, Swedenmarker Silver
1955 Krefeldmarker / Dortmundmarker / Cologne, West Germanymarker Gold
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzomarker, Italymarker Bronze
1957 Did not participate
1958 Oslomarker, Norwaymarker Gold
1959 Praguemarker / Bratislavamarker, Czechoslovakiamarker Gold
1960 Squaw Valleymarker, Californiamarker Silver
1961 Genevamarker / Lausannemarker, Switzerlandmarker Gold
1962 Colorado Springsmarker / Denvermarker, Coloradomarker Silver
1963 Stockholmmarker, Swedenmarker 4th place
1964 Innsbruckmarker, Austriamarker 4th place
1965 Tamperemarker, Finlandmarker 4th place
1966 Ljubljanamarker, Yugoslavia Bronze
1967 Viennamarker, Austriamarker Bronze
1968 Grenoblemarker, Francemarker Bronze
1969 Stockholmmarker, Swedenmarker 4th place
Canada did not participate in IIHF events from 1970–1976.
1977 Viennamarker, Austriamarker 4th place
1978 Praguemarker, Czechoslovakiamarker Bronze
1979 Moscowmarker, Soviet Unionmarker 4th place
1981 Gothenburgmarker / Stockholmmarker, Swedenmarker 4th place
1982 Helsinkimarker / Tamperemarker, Finlandmarker Bronze
1983 Düsseldorfmarker / Dortmundmarker / Munichmarker, West Germanymarker Bronze
1985 Praguemarker, Czechoslovakiamarker Silver
1986 Moscowmarker, Soviet Unionmarker Bronze
1987 Viennamarker, Austriamarker 4th place
1989 Stockholmmarker / Södertäljemarker, Swedenmarker Silver
1990 Bernemarker / Fribourgmarker, Switzerlandmarker 4th place
1991 Turkumarker / Helsinkimarker / Tamperemarker, Finlandmarker Silver
1992 Praguemarker / Bratislavamarker, Czechoslovakiamarker 7th place
1993 Dortmundmarker / Munichmarker, Germanymarker 4th place
1994 Bolzanomarker / Canazeimarker / Milanomarker, Italymarker Gold
1995 Stockholmmarker / Gävlemarker, Swedenmarker Bronze
1996 Viennamarker, Austriamarker Silver
1997 Helsinkimarker / Turkumarker / Tamperemarker, Finlandmarker Gold
1998 Zürichmarker / Baselmarker, Switzerlandmarker 6th place
1999 Oslomarker / Lillehammermarker / Hamarmarker, Norwaymarker 4th place
2000 Saint Petersburgmarker, Russiamarker 4th place
2001 Cologne / Hanovermarker / Nurembergmarker, Germanymarker 5th place
2002 Gothenburgmarker / Karlstadmarker / Jönköpingmarker, Swedenmarker 6th place
2003 Helsinkimarker / Tamperemarker / Turkumarker, Finlandmarker Gold
2004 Praguemarker / Ostravamarker, Czech Republicmarker Gold
2005 Innsbruckmarker / Viennamarker, Austriamarker Silver
2006 Rigamarker, Latviamarker 4th place
2007 Moscowmarker / Mytishchimarker, Russiamarker Gold
2008 Quebec Citymarker / Halifaxmarker, Canadamarker Silver
2009 Bernemarker / Klotenmarker, Switzerlandmarker Silver


Spengler Cup

Spengler Cup victories for Team Canada have occurred in 1984, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003 and 2007. In this tournament, Canada competes against European club teams, not against national teams. These opposing teams often have Canadians on their rosters. Canada used to be represented by the standing national team at this event, but since its dissolution is usually made up of Canadians playing in European leagues.

Rosters

2009 World Championship roster

# Name Pos Birth place Age Club League
20 Armstrong, Colby F Lloydminstermarker, Saskatchewanmarker Atlanta Thrashers NHL
55 Coburn, Braydon D Calgarymarker, Albertamarker Philadelphia Flyers NHL
19 Doan, Shane (C) F Halkirkmarker, Albertamarker Phoenix Coyotes NHL
3 Doughty, Drew D Londonmarker, Ontariomarker Los Angeles Kings NHL
12 Fisher, Mike F Peterboroughmarker, Ontariomarker Ottawa Senators NHL
2 Hamhuis, Dan D Smithersmarker, British Columbiamarker Nashville Predators NHL
37 Harding, Josh G Reginamarker, Saskatchewanmarker Minnesota Wild NHL
15 Heatley, Dany (A) F Freiburg im Breisgaumarker, Germanymarker San Jose Sharks NHL
10 Horcoff, Shawn F Trailmarker, British Columbiamarker Edmonton Oilers NHL
29 Kwiatkowski, Joel D Kindersleymarker, Saskatchewanmarker Severstal Cherepovets KHL
18 Lombardi, Matthew F Montrealmarker, Quebecmarker Phoenix Coyotes NHL
50 Mason, Chris G Red Deermarker, Albertamarker St Louis Blues NHL
28 Neal, James F Whitbymarker, Ontariomarker Dallas Stars NHL
4 Phillips, Chris D Calgarymarker, Albertamarker Ottawa Senators NHL
30 Roloson, Dwayne G Simcoemarker, Ontariomarker New York Islanders NHL
9 Roy, Derek F Ottawamarker, Ontariomarker Buffalo Sabres NHL
5 Schenn, Luke D Saskatoonmarker, Saskatchewanmarker Toronto Maple Leafs NHL
91 Spezza, Jason F Mississaugamarker, Ontariomarker Ottawa Senators NHL
26 St. Louis, Martin (A) F Lavalmarker, Quebecmarker Tampa Bay Lightning NHL
17 Stamkos, Steven F Markhammarker, Ontariomarker Tampa Bay Lightning NHL
8 Upshall, Scottie F Fort McMurraymarker, Albertamarker Phoenix Coyotes NHL
44 Vlasic, Marc-Édouard D Montréalmarker, Québecmarker San Jose Sharks NHL
6 Weber, Shea (A) D Salmon Armmarker, British Columbiamarker Nashville Predators NHL
7 White, Ian D Steinbachmarker, Manitobamarker Toronto Maple Leafs NHL
16 Zajac, Travis F Winnipegmarker, Manitobamarker New Jersey Devils NHL


2006 Olympic roster

Goaltenders
  1. Martin Brodeur - New Jersey Devils
  2. Roberto Luongo - Florida Panthers
  3. Marty Turco - Dallas Stars


Defencemen
  1. Rob Blake (A) - Colorado Avalanche
  2. Jay Bouwmeester* - Florida Panthers
  3. Adam Foote - Columbus Blue Jackets
  4. Bryan McCabe** - Toronto Maple Leafs
  5. Chris Pronger (A) - Edmonton Oilers
  6. Wade Redden - Ottawa Senators
  7. Robyn Regehr - Calgary Flames


Forwards
  1. Todd Bertuzzi - Vancouver Canucks
  2. Shane Doan - Phoenix Coyotes
  3. Kris Draper - Detroit Red Wings
  4. Simon Gagné (A) - Philadelphia Flyers
  5. Dany Heatley - Ottawa Senators
  6. Jarome Iginla (A) - Calgary Flames
  7. Vincent Lecavalier - Tampa Bay Lightning
  8. Rick Nash - Columbus Blue Jackets
  9. Brad Richards - Tampa Bay Lightning
  10. Joe Sakic (C) - Colorado Avalanche
  11. Ryan Smyth - Edmonton Oilers
  12. Martin St. Louis - Tampa Bay Lightning
  13. Joe Thornton - San Jose Sharks


Reserves


*Was on the reserves replacing Bryan McCabe; replaced [[Scott Niedermayer]] - [[Anaheim Ducks|Mighty Ducks of Anaheim]] **Was on the reserves; replaced [[Ed Jovanovski]] - [[Vancouver Canucks]] ***Replaced Jay Bouwmeester who was on the reserves replacing Bryan McCabe - Toronto Maple Leafs

See also



Notes

References



External links




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