Canadian Human Rights Commission is a
quasi-judicial body that was established in 1977 by the government
is empowered under the Canadian Human Rights Act
investigate and try to settle complaints of discrimination in
employment and in the provision of services within federal
jurisdiction. The CHRC is also empowered under the Employment Equity Act
to ensure that
federally regulated employers provide equal opportunities
for four designated
groups: women, Aboriginal
people, the disabled
and visible minorities. The CHRC also acts as an advocate for human
rights and issues reports on various aspects of discrimination as
well as educational materials designed to promote human rights and
inform employers and the general public about human rights
regulations. The Commission also sponsors research into human
rights and makes policy recommendations.
Organization and Structure
The Commission is composed of eight commissioners. The Chief
Commissioner and Deputy Commissioner are appointed for terms not
exceeding seven years while other commissioners are appointed for
three year terms. The current Chief Commissioner is Jennifer Lynch,
who was appointed in March 2007.
The daily work of the Commission is carried out by a staff of
approximately 200 people.
The Commission investigates complaints, attempts to facilitate a
resolution between the parties if appropriate and refers matters
for which a resolution cannot be found to the Canadian Human Rights
which holds hearings and hands down rulings.
Criticism and Controversy
The Commission has been criticized over its investigations of
alleged hate speech as well as its procedures regarding
admissibility of evidence and allegations of improper behaviour by