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The Canadian Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is located at the National War Memorialmarker in Confederation Squaremarker, Ottawamarker. The Tomb of the Unknown Soldiermarker was added to the war memorial in 2000, and holds the remains of an unidentified Canadian soldier who died in Francemarker during World War I. Located on the upper plaza, in front of the existing National War Memorial monument, a dark Caledonia granite sarcophagus 12 feet long, 8 feet wide and 3 feet high encloses a coffin containing the remains of the unknown soldier. A bronze relief sculpture is secured to the top with stainless steel pins. The four corner pieces of the sarcophagus also has bronze relief work. The unidentified soldier was selected from a cemetery in the vicinity of Vimy Ridgemarker, the site of a famous Canadian battle of the First World War. The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was created to honour the Canadians whether they be navy, army, air force or merchant marine, who died or may die for their country in all conflicts - past, present, and future.

Unknown soldier

The stone at the original grave site of Canada's Unknown Soldier at Cabaret Rouge Cemetery near Souchez, France
body of the soldier was formerly buried in Plot 8, Row E, Grave 7, of the Cabaret-Rouge British Cemetery in Souchezmarker, Francemarker, near the memorial at Vimy Ridgemarker, the site of the first major battlemarker where Canadian troops fought as a combined force. At the request of the Canadian government, the Commonwealth War Graves Commission selected one of the 1,603 graves of unknown Canadians buried in the vicinity of Vimy Ridge. The remains of the soldier were exhumed on the morning of May 16, 2000, and the coffin was flown in a Canadian Forces aircraft to Ottawa on May 25, accompanied by an honour guard which included a chaplain, Royal Canadian Legion veterans, and representatives of Canadian youth. In Ottawa, the unknown soldier lay in state for three days.

On the afternoon of May 28, the body of the unknown soldier was transported from Parliament Hillmarker to the National War Memorial on a horse-drawn gun carriage provided by the Royal Canadian Mounted Policemarker (RCMP). Governor General Adrienne Clarkson and Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, as well as veterans, Canadian Forces personnel, and members of the RCMP, were in the funeral procession. Then, with appropriate ceremony, the body of the unknown soldier was re-interred in a sarcophagus in front of the War Memorial.

At the former burial site of the unknown soldier, a grave marker similar to the other headstones in the Cabaret-Rouge Cemetery has been placed on the now-empty grave. The marker is inscribed with these words:

Tomb

The tomb is 3.5 metres (12 ft) long, 2.5 metres (8 ft) wide and 1 metre (3 ft) high. It is built of Caledonia granite originally quarried in Rivière à Pierre, Quebecmarker, with a bronze relief sculpture and four bronze corner pieces. The bronze work was designed by Canadian artist Mary-Ann Liu and cast in Roberts Creek, British Columbiamarker. Both the tomb and sculpture reflect some of the themes and style of the Vimy Memorialmarker, designed by Walter Seymour Allward.

Poppies placed on the tomb on Remembrance Day.


At the first Remembrance Day following the tomb's installation, a new tradition formed spontaneously as attendees placed their poppies on the tomb. This tradition, while not part of the official program, is widely practiced, with others leaving cut flowers, photographs, or letters to the deceased. The spontaneous display of respect has also carried over to Canada Day, when the public leaves small, paper Canada Flags on the tomb.

Canada Day 2006

Some, including Canadian veterans of the Royal Canadian Legion, thought the site of the tomb deserved a military or police honour guard (similar in nature to the U.S. Army's "Old Guard" (3rd Infantry Regiment) at the Tomb of the Unknownsmarker) as a symbol of respect and to protect it from vandalism and desecration. An incident on July 1, 2006 brought these demands into sharp focus when Dr. Michael Pilon, a retired Canadian Forces major, photographed three young men urinating on the nearby War Memorial shortly after the annual Canada Day fireworks show over nearby Parliament Hillmarker.

In the summer of 2007, a pair of sentries was mounted by the Ceremonial Guard in full dress uniform, from 9am to 5 pm.

Gallery

Image:Unknown Soldier.jpg|The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier seen from the topImage:Canadian_Tomb_of_the_Unknown_Soldier_with_poppies.jpg|Poppies placed on the tomb on Remembrance DayImage:Cdntomboftheunknownsoldier2.jpg|The Canadian Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (photographed from the side, facing the National War Memorial & Wellington Street)Image:War Memorial Guard Ottawa.jpg|A ceremonial guard marches by the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier


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