Canterbury (2006 pop.: 360)
is a Canadian village in
Tracing its roots to the forestry and railway industries,
Canterbury was once was home to over 1000 residents and served as a
service centre for the surrounding area of western York
County.There were at least 3 general stores, a small department
store, a railway hotel, bank, and a butcher as late as the mid
1960's, all gone now.
Early settlers of the area were Loyalists ( possibly disbanded
soldiers of the King's American Regiment and their families )
displaced by the end of the American Revolution (1780's)
lateraugmented by immigrants from Ireland (Ulster and Donegal,
circa 1840 or so).
In the winter of 1865 Canterbury was briefly the focus of much
military activity when some 9000 British troops passed through the
village on their way to "The Canadas" ( Ontario and Quebec ).The
British government had become alarmed about the possibility of an
American invasion following the end of the Civil War and sent this
military contingent to reinforce the garrisons in The Canadas.
Canterbury was at the time at the end of the rails from the coast.
Troops debarked at the station and were then driven by horse drawn
sleigh up the Saint John River and then the St Lawrence to Quebec
The village is located west of the Trans-Canada Highway
Canterbury was located on the St. Andrews and Quebec Railway line
which was subsequently merged into the New Brunswick Railway
and later the
Canadian Pacific Railway
CP Rail operated through the village to serve its rail network in
the upper Saint John River valley until it abandoned these lines in
the early 1990s. The original CPR station still stands off Main
Street and the rail line is now a recreational trail.
Canterbury has a school
, which educates
students from kindergarten to grade 12 all in one building. The
school has escaped closure several times, but had its future sealed
in 2002 with an extensive construction overhaul and addition of a
The village was incorporated in the early 1970s and has a village
office on Main Street.