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Cape Race is a point of land located at the southeastern tip of the Avalon Peninsulamarker on the island of Newfoundlandmarker, Canadamarker. Its name is thought to come from the original Portuguesemarker name for this cape, "Raso", or "bare". The Cape appeared on early sixteenth century maps as Cape Raso and its name may derive from a cape of the same name at the mouth of the Tagus Rivermarker in Portugal.

Geography

Dense fogs, rocky coasts, and its proximity to trans-Atlanticmarker shipping routes have resulted in many shipwrecks near Cape Race over the years. One of the most famous was the . Cape Race is a flat barren point of land jutting out into the Atlantic Ocean, its cliffs rising nearly vertically to 30.5 m (100 ft) above sea level. On average it is shrouded in fog on 158 days of the year. Located next to Trepassey.

Lighthouse

In 1856, the first lighthouse was installed by the British Government's Trinity Housemarker. It was a cast iron tower with a coal oil lamp turned by clockwork. It was replaced in 1907 by a 29 metres tall concrete tower and a light with a massive hyperradiant Fresnel lens made by Chance Brothersmarker in Englandmarker. The original lighthouse was then moved to Cape North; it now stands in front of the Canada Science and Technology Museummarker in Ottawamarker. The light's characteristic is a single white flash every 7.5 seconds, additionally a foghorn may sound a signal of two blasts every 60 seconds. There is also a high-power LORAN-C transmittermarker at Cape Race, whose mast was until the completion of CN Towermarker the tallest structure of Canada.

History

Postage stamp of Cape Race, Newfoundland
From 1859 to 1866, the New York Citymarker Associated Press kept a newsboat at Cape Race to meet ocean liners passing by on their way from Europe so that news could be telegraphed to New York. These news items carried the byline "via Cape Race".

In 1904, the first wireless station in Newfoundland was built at Cape Race. This was one of the major land-based locations that received the distress call from the RMS Titanicmarker, the other being, at least according to legend, the Marconi telegraph station on top of the Wanamaker'smarker department store in New York City. On the night the Titanic sank, wireless operator Jack Phillips was sending telegraphs to Cape Race for relay to New York City. When Cyril Evans, wireless operator of the SS Californian, sent an iceberg warning to the Titanic, only a few miles away, Phillips was annoyed with the loud signal (due to the proximity) and responded ā€œShut up, Shut up, Iā€™m working Cape Race.ā€ This would become a famous incident, as the bored Evans soon went to sleep, and Titanic hit an iceberg only fifteen minutes later. After Titanic's distress call, Cape Race played a major role in relaying news of the sinking to other ships and land locations.

References

  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amerika14April1912.JPG


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