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Carl Flesch
Carl Flesch ( , 9 October 1873 14 November 1944) was a violinist and teacher.

Carl Flesch was born in Moson (now part of Mosonmagyar√≥v√°rmarker) in Hungarymarker in 1873. He began playing the violin at six years of age. At 10, he was taken to Viennamarker, and began to study with Jakob Gr√ľn. At 17, he left for Parismarker, and joined the Paris Conservatoiremarker. He settled in Berlinmarker, and in 1934 in Londonmarker.

He was known for his solo performances in a very wide range of repertoire (from Baroque music to contemporary), gaining fame as a chamber music performer. He also taught at Bucharestmarker 1897-1902, Amsterdammarker 1903-08, Philadelphiamarker 1924-28) and the Berlin High School for Music 1929-34. He published a number of instructional books, including Die Kunst des Violin-Spiels (The Art of Violin Playing, 1923) in which he advocated the concept of the violinist as an artist, rather than merely a virtuoso. Among his pupils were Ida Haendel, Henryk Szeryng, Josef Hassid, Yfrah Neaman, Eric Rosenblith and Henri Temianka, all of whom achieved considerable fame as both performers and pedagogues. He said that his favourite pupil was the Australian Alma Moodie, who achieved great fame in the 1920s and 1930s, but who made no recordings and is little known today. In his memoirs he said, "...there was above all Henry Temianka, who did great credit to the [Curtis] Institute: both musically and technically, he possessed a model collection of talents."

He was consulted (as was Oskar Adler) by Louis Krasner over technical difficulties in the Violin Concerto by Alban Berg, which Krasner was to premiere. Carl Flesch's Scale System is a staple of violin pedagogy.

Flesch owned the Brancaccio Stradivarius, but had to sell it in 1928 after losing all his money on the New York Stock Exchangemarker.

Flesch died in Lucernemarker, Switzerlandmarker, in November 1944.


  1. Kay Dreyfus, Alma Moodie and the Landscape of Giftedness, 2002
  2. Carl Flesch: The Memoirs of Carl Flesch (trans. Hans Keller and ed. by him in collaboration with C.F.Flesch); foreword by Max Rostal (1957)

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