Carlisle is a borough in
County, Pennsylvania, west by southwest of Harrisburg, the state capital.
The name is
traditionally pronounced with emphasis on the second syllable.
Carlisle is located within the Cumberland Valley
, a highly productive
agricultural region. As of the 2000 census, the borough population
was 17,970. It is the county seat
is the smaller principal city of the Harrisburg–Carlisle Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Cumberland, Dauphin, and Perry counties.
Carlisle was laid out and settled by Scots-Irish
immigrants in 1751 and
became the center of their settlement in the Cumberland Valley.
named after its sister town in Carlisle, England, and even
built its former jailhouse (still standing and in use by Cumberland
County as general government offices now) to resemble Carlisle Citadel.
initially part of Lancaster County. Carlisle was incorporated as a
on April 13
. As authorized by a general borough law of
1851 (amended in 1852), the government is administered by a burgess
and a borough council.
In 1787 Carlisle was the scene of a riot instigated by Anti-Federalists
in response to a planned
march in favor of the US
. In 1794 during the Whiskey Rebellion, the troops of
Pennsylvania and New
Jersey assembled in Carlisle under the leadership of
related note, George Washington
worshipped during that time in the First Presbyterian Church at the
corner of Hanover and High streets. The borough was shelled by the
, during the
Battle of Carlisle
, part of the
American Civil War
. On a column
in front of the city's historic courthouse, evidence of the
cannonballs' destruction can still be seen. Carlisle was
well-known at one time for the Carlisle Indian Industrial
School, which trained Native Americans from
all over the United States; one of its notable graduates was athletic hero
However, some view the
Carlisle School as the first of many schools that were used for
"cultural genocide" of American Indians. Shortly after the Wounded Knee Massacre
Americans were forcefully taken from their families on the newly
instituted reservations, sent to Carlisle, and were forced to give
up their dress, languages, customs, religious views, sciences, and
all other parts of their culture (often physical force and abuse
was used to institute this policy). After this, the American Indian
students were sent back from Carlisle to their reservations to
teach their families how to be what the United States government
identified as civilized.
is also home to Dickinson
College, established in 1773 and later chartered in 1783,
making it the first college founded in the newly recognized United
School of Law
, founded in 1834 and affiliated with Dickinson
College until 1914, is the fifth oldest law school in the United
States and the oldest law school in Pennsylvania. It remained
independent for over 80 years, until it merged with The
Pennsylvania State University in 1997, becoming the Penn State Dickinson School
U.S. Army War College, located at the Carlisle Barracks, caters to high-level
military personnel and civilians and prepares them for strategic
The Carlisle Barracks is the
oldest installation in the United
and Army's most senior military educational
institution. Carlisle is home of the U.S. Army Military Heritage
- ZIP codes: 17013, 17015 (17015 was added July 1, 2006 due to
- Area code: 717
- Local phone code: 218, 226, 240, 241, 243, 245, 249, 254, 258,
374, 385, 386, 422, 440, 448, 486, 609, 701, 713, 960
Carlisle is located at (40.202553, -77.195016).
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the borough has a total area of
5.4 square miles (14.1 km2
), all of it
Carlisle is home to LeTort Creek, famed for its trout
|Borough of Carlisle
Population by year 
As of the census
of 2000, there were 17,970
people, 7,426 households, and 4,010 families residing in the
borough. The population density
was 3,308.9 people per square mile (1,277.8/km2
were 8,032 housing units at an average density of
1,479.0/sq mi (571.1/km2
). The racial makeup of the
borough was 88.93% White
0.14% Native American
, 0.02% Pacific Islander
, 0.71% from
, and 1.69%
from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.96% of the
There were 7,426 households out of which 23.3% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 40.3% were married couples
living together, 10.9% had a female
householder with no husband present, and 46.0% were non-families.
39.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.81.
In the borough the population was spread out with 18.6% under the
age of 18, 17.2% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45
to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age
was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 84.2 males. For
every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.8 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $33,969, and
the median income for a family was $46,588. Males had a median
income of $34,519 versus $25,646 for females. The per capita income
for the borough was
$21,394. About 8.6% of families and 14.0% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 21.7%
of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.
Colleges and universities
Carlisle is famous to many people for its car shows, put on
regularly by Carlisle Events
throughout the spring, summer, and fall at the Carlisle Fairgrounds
. In addition to
normal shows there are speciality shows, among which are GM, Ford,
Chrysler, Import/Kit Car and truck shows.
Pennsylvania Youth Ballet
(CPYB), a ballet school and
performing company known internationally for their alumni, is based
Carlisle also is home of the headquarters of the Giant Food
Carlisle was home to the Washington
training camp for many years. In 1986, cornerback
Darrell Green ran the 40 yard dash at Dickinson College in 4.09 seconds.
Although the result was
unofficial, it is the fastest legitimate time ever recorded in the
40 yard dash.
There are currently three fire companies supporting Carlisle. Union
in downtown, Cumberland Goodwill located near I-81, and Empire
Friendship on the other side of Carlisle.
Union responds to nearly 1000 calls a year, and it also supports
the surrounding areas. Union is also the oldest volunteer fire
company in the United States.
, The Day The World Ended at Little Bighorn