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The East Terrace soon after completion.


Carlton House Terrace refers to a street in the St. James'smarker district of Londonmarker, Englandmarker, and in particular to two terraces of white stucco-faced houses on the south side of the street overlooking St. James's Parkmarker. These terraces were built in 1827-32 to overall designs by John Nash with detailed input by other architects including Decimus Burton. They took the place of Carlton Housemarker, and the freehold still belongs to the Crown Estate.

Overview

The two terraces are Grade I listed buildings. Each terrace consists of nine large houses. They are unusual among expensive London terraced houses in that they do not have a mews to the rear. The reason for this was that Nash wanted the houses to make the best possible use of the view of the park, and also to present an attractive facade to the park. The service accommodation was placed in two storeys of basements (rather than the usual one) and underneath broad terraces between the houses and the park.

The Duke of York Columnmarker and Steps are located between the East and West terraces, leading down from Waterloo Place to the Mallmarker and St. James's Park. The buildings were severely damaged in the Second World War. The facades have been restored to their original state, but many of the interiors are much altered. The first occupants were free to commission their own architect to complete the interior - eleven chose Nash, of which only that in number 7 remains largely intact.
The German Embassy, c.
1930
Up until World War II, Carlton House Terrace was one of the most fashionable residential addresses in London. The Prussian Legates, and later their successors the German Ambassadors, inhabited Number 9 from 1849 until World War II, eventually combining it with Number 8. The terrace has had several famous residents including:





Most of the houses are now occupied by businesses, institutes and learned societies.

The Crown Estate has had its headquarters in four houses in the terrace for many years (numbers 13-16), but as of 2005 it is reconstructing a building in Regent Streetmarker, which is also part of the Crown Estate, for its own use. In September 2006, the Hindujas, who presently have an apartment at number 24, successfully purchased the property for 58 million pounds.

Carlton Gardens

At the west end of the Carlton House Terrace is a cul-de-sac called Carlton Gardens, which was developed at around the same time. It contained seven large houses. World War I field marshal Lord Kitchener once lived at Number 2 and Number 4 was home to Lord Palmerston for a time and later served as General Charles de Gaulle's headquarters during World War II. All the houses except numbers 1 and 2 have been replaced by office blocks. Number 1 was, until 16 October 2007, an official ministerial residence normally used by the Foreign Secretary. Number 2 is used by the Privy Council Office.

Plans were also made to demolish Marlborough Housemarker to the west and replace it with a terrace of similar dimensions to the two in Carlton House Terrace, and this idea even featured on some contemporary maps, including Christopher and John Greenwood large scale London map of 1830, but this proposal was not implemented.

References

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