Carmel ( ) is a city in
County, Indiana, United States.
The population was 37,733 at the 2000
census but has been growing very rapidly. In 2007, a special census
recorded the city population at 68,677.
one of many affluent edge cities on the
North side of Indianapolis.
Until 1874, the settlement where present
day Carmel now sits was called Bethlehem. Today, the plot first
established in Bethlehem, located at the intersection of Rangeline
Road and Main Street, is marked by a clock tower, donated by the
Club in 2002.
one of the first automatic traffic
signals in the United
States was installed at the intersection of Main Street
and Range Line Road.
The signal that was installed was the
invention of Leslie Haines and is currently in the old train
station on the Monon.
Carmel is located at (39.972917, -86.107877) .
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of
17.9 square miles (46.4 km²), of which, 17.8 square
miles (46.1 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles
(0.3 km²) of it (0.61%) is water.
Major East-West streets in Carmel generally end in a 6, and include
96th Street (the Southern border), 106th, 116th, 126th, 131st,
136th and 146th (the Northern Border). The numbering system is
aligned to that of Marion and Hamilton counties. Main Street
(131st) runs East-West through Carmel's Art & Design District;
Carmel Drive runs East-West through a main shopping area; and City
Center Drive runs East-West near Carmel's new City Center
North-South streets are not numbered, and include (West to East)
Michigan, Shelborne, Towne, Ditch, Spring Mill, Meridian, Guilford,
Range Line, Keystone, Carey, Gray, Hazel Dell, and River. Some of
these roads are continuations of corresponding streets within
Indianapolis. Towne Road replaces the name Township Line
Road at 96th Street, while Westfield Boulevard becomes Rangeline north of 116th
Meridian Street (US-31
Keystone Avenue (IN-431) are the major thoroughfares, extending
from (within Carmel) I-465
in the south and
merging just south of 146th Street.
This photo displays the city's
burgeoning Arts & Design District.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 37,733
people, 13,597 households, and 10,564 families residing in the
city. The population density
2,118.4 people per square mile (818.0/km²). There were 14,107
housing units at an average density of 792.0/sq mi
(305.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.63% White
, 1.47% African American
, 0.05% Pacific Islander
, 0.46% from
, and 0.89%
from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.72% of the
Recent estimates (2005) indicate a substantial growth of population
and housing. According to a special census in 2005, the results of
which were shown in the Carmel Star, there were an estimated 80,000
people living in Carmel.
There are 13,597 households of which 43.3% have children under the
age of 18 living with them, 69.3% were married
living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no
husband present, and 22.3% were non-families. 18.9% of all
households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living
alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size
was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age
of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to
64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was
37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every
100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in
the city was $94,128, and the median income for a family was
$110,549. Males had a median income of $70,618 versus $38,917 for
females. The per capita income
the city was $38,906. About 1.6% of families and 2.5% of the
population were below the poverty line
including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or
The government consists of a mayor and a city council. The mayor is
elected in citywide vote. The city council consists of seven
members. Five are elected from individual districts. Two are
Carmel Monon Center
A new water park
and mega-fitness center
located in Carmel's Central Park opened in 2007. The Outdoor Aqua
Park consists of two water slides, a drop slide, a diving board, a
lazy river, and a kiddie pool. The fitness center consists of an
indoor lap pool, a recreation pool with its own set of water
slides, gymnasium, 1/8 mile indoor running track, and the Kids Zone
Just north of 116th Street between Gray Road and Hazel Dell Parkway
is Flowing Well Park, which contains a natural artesian well
that provides high quality
Carmel's newly-established Arts and
Design District, designed to promote small business.
This new district is located about a mile and a half west of
Carmel High School.
Trail is a bicycle trail that is part of the Rails-to-Trails movement.
from 10th street, near downtown Indianapolis, through Broad Ripple, and then crosses into Carmel at 96th Street, and
extends into Westfield. In the future, it is planned to run all the
way to Sheridan.
In January 2006 speed limit signs of 15 to
have been added to sections of the trail north of 96th
Carmel City Center
Carmel has begun construction of its Carmel City Center
project near Carmel's
Arts and Design District. It will feature of retail space and
restaurants, of office space, 300 penthouses and apartments, a
102-room boutique hotel, a 500-seat performing arts theater, an
outdoor amphitheater, and a 1,600-seat performance hall.
Several large companies reside in Carmel such as the National
Headquarters for Conseco
, Midwest ISO
, and Pearson Education (formerly
), as well
as the headquarters of ITT
It is also home to many mid-sized and
of Carmel has annexed large portions of
Clay Township in the past and is pressing forward to annex more
in the south-west area.
In 2004, Carmel City Council first
tried to annex an area that included more than 3,400 properties.
Shortly after that initiative, an organization called No Ordinance
for Annexation, or NOAX, worked to challenge the annexation in
court. NOAX collected 70% of the homeowners' signatures in a
petition allowing for a challenge in court. NOAX and Mayor James
Brainard were able to negotiate a deal to delay annexation for
three years and provide the maximum tax abatements allowed under
Indiana law and road and infrastructure improvements.A second group,
Holton's Southwest Clay Community Association, asserted that Carmel
shouldn't annex south-west Clay
Holton's Southwest Clay Community
Association argued that NOAX didn't have authority to strike a deal
on behalf of all Clay township homeowners and took the City of
Carmel to Court.Due to the ramifications of the decision for other
Indiana communities, the case skipped the Indiana Appeals Court and
went straight to the Indiana Supreme Court. The Indiana Supreme
Court delivered a unanimous 5-0 decision ruling that Carmel can
continue with its annexation. Holton's Southwest Clay Community
Association recently reported that an appeal is "possible, but not
The Keystone Avenue Project is a formidable road construction plan
by the city of Carmel to make Keystone Avenue a signal-free road,
. This development has been underway since 2008.
Interchanges at 106th, 126th, and 136th Streets are completed as of
September, 2009. The project is scheduled to be completed in 2010.
The city has gained noteriety for its innovative use of roundabout
The City of Carmel assumed ownership of a stretch of Keystone
Avenue within Hamilton County and is currently rebuilding the road
with roundabout interchanges onto major arteries. On September 6,
2007, the State of Indiana and the Indiana Department of
Transportation came to an agreement to give Carmel control of State
Road 431, known as Keystone Avenue, and $90 million to reconstruct
the intersections of 96th Street to U.S. 31.
Carmel Mayor Jim Brainard’s plan for Keystone Avenue is threefold:
- To make traffic flow more smoothly down the road
- To make cross streets move more efficiently
- To make Carmel safer and more walkable
As the construction continues into 2010, Keystone will have
above-ground roundabout interchanges at 106th, 116th, 126th, 131st
and 136th Streets, as well as Carmel Drive, located between 116th
and 126th.Compared to the Indiana Department of Transportation’s
(INDOT) plan which called for removing 13 structures, including
homes and churches, Brainard’s and Carmel’s plan will affect only
one business building. INDOT’s plan utilized circular roundabouts,
while the city’s plan makes use of a dumbbell shape, which will use
less space. The project makes Keystone Avenue a free flowing,
signal-free road from 96th Street to U.S. 31.
Construction is currently underway for the 116th street
interchange. The Carmel Drive intersection will be under
construction in late 2009 followed by 131st in mid-2010.Parade
Magazine (9/27/09)noted the city's innovation for developing a 100
mile bicycle network ("Access Bikeway") to allow safe bicycling for
Carmel City Center
The Carmel City Center is a $300 million dollar multi-use complex
currently being built in downtown
The City Center will contain residence, retail, dining, office and
recreational/performance spaces. Started in 2007, the project is
projected to be completed in 2010. The project is led by the City
of Carmel in affiliation with Pedcor Company, based in the city.
Businesses and shops will be able to open in the building soon
after completion of construction while leasing residents will be
able to move in after the official opening. Controversy surrounds
the use of public tax dollars to fund essentially private