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Carnegie is a borough in Allegheny Countymarker, Pennsylvaniamarker, United Statesmarker and is part of the Pittsburgh Metro Area. The population was 8,389 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Carnegie is located at . It is approximately southwest of Pittsburghmarker. Chartiers Creek runs through the center of the borough.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of , all of it land. Its average elevation is above sea level .

Surrounding communities



History

Carnegie is named after Andrew Carnegie, who donated one of his libraries for the gesture. It was incorporated on March 1, 1894. from the boroughs of Chartiers and Mansfield (separated by Chartiers Creek). Later, the borough annexed part of Robinson Townshipmarker (now Rosslyn Heights). Neighborhoods include Rosslyn Heights, Cubbage Hill, Irishtown, Forsythe Hill, Library Hill, and Old Mansfield.

Many neighborhoods were at one time or another mined for coal. The main employers were steel mills such as Superior Steel & Union Electric Steel. Carnegie had a rail yard that had connections to several railroads early in the twentieth century, including the Wabash Pittsburgh Terminal railroad, and later the Pennsylvania Railroad. In the 1970s, Carnegie suffered economically with the closure of the great steel mills such as J & L in and around Pittsburghmarker.

In 1923, Imperial Wizard Hiram Evans and ten thousand Ku Klux Klan members tried to march through the streets of Carnegie. The town's large Catholic population refused to let the Klan march through the streets. Violence broke out, one Klansman was killed and hundreds of others wounded. Protestant membership in the KKK of the 1920s grew as the population of Catholic families in town increased. By 1923, Carnegie had one of the largest Klans in the state.

In 2004, Carnegie was significantly damaged by flooding as a result of Hurricane Ivan. Much of the commercial section of the borough, as well as the borough's Roman Catholic churches, were closed or damaged.

Culture

Notable celebrities include Honus Wagner (who, according to local legend, was discovered throwing rocks across Chartiers Creek not too far from his home). Mike Ditka was also born here. A baseball field is named after him.

Carnegie is religiously diverse, marked by the number of churches as well as bars in the neighborhood. There are two Orthodox Churches (Ukrainian and Russian), two Lutheran churches, a Ukrainian Catholic church, a Methodist church, An Episcopal church, a Polish Catholic church and a synagogue. The churches were primarily responsible for assisting the community after Hurricane Ivan.

Carnegie also has many local fraternal organizations including the VFW, FOE, American Legion, Elks, Polish Eagles, Polish Sportsmen, AOH, Ukrainian-American Citizens' Club (the "Ukes"), plus a number of smaller clubs.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,389 people, 3,967 households, and 2,134 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,076.7 people per square mile (1,963.0/km²). There were 4,249 housing units at an average density of 2,571.3/sq mi (994.3/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.32% White, 5.57% African American, 0.08% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.99% of the population.

There were 3,967 households out of which 22.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.4% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.2% were non-families. 40.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the borough the population was spread out with 19.4% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 20.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 85.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.0 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $32,589, and the median income for a family was $41,371. Males had a median income of $30,792 versus $26,239 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $21,119. About 9.7% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

Carnegie's population count in 1900 was 7,330; in 1910, 10,009; in 1920, 11,516; and in 1940, 12,663.

Notable residents

Athletes



Politicians



Artists

  • Brian Alfred, American painter
  • James Michael Newell, W.P.A. muralist


Engineers

  • John Celli, Mechanical Engineer


See also

  • Polish Cathedral style
  • Polish American
  • http://www.foe.com/index.aspx Fraternal Order of Eagles
  • http://www.clpgh.org/ Carnegie Library
  • http://www.pa.gov/portal/server.pt/community/government/3014 Government - Allegheny County


Gallery

File:AndrewCarnegieFreeLibrary.jpg|The Andrew Carnegie Free Library, built in 1899, located in Carnegie, PA.

References

  1. Todd Tucker, Notre Dame vs. The Klan: How the Fighting Irish Defeated the Ku Klux Klan.
  2. years - Pro Football Hall of Fame


External links




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