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The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace is a foreign-policy think tank based in Washington, D.C.marker The organization describes itself as being dedicated to advancing cooperation between nations and promoting active international engagement by the United States. Founded in 1910 by Andrew Carnegie, its work is not formally associated with any political party.

The Endowment published the bimonthly magazine Foreign Policy until 2008.

History

Andrew Carnegie, like other leading internationalists of his day, believed that war could be eliminated by stronger international laws and organizations. "I am drawn more to this cause than to any," he wrote in 1907. Carnegie's single largest commitment in this field was his creation of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

On his seventy-fifth birthday, November 25, 1910, Andrew Carnegie announced the establishment of the Endowment with a gift of $10 million. In his deed of gift, presented in Washington on December 14, 1910, Carnegie charged trustees to use the fund to "hasten the abolition of international war, the foulest blot upon our civilization," and he gave his trustees "the widest discretion as to the measures and policy they shall from time to time adopt" in carrying out the purpose of the fund.

Carnegie chose longtime adviser Elihu Root, Senator from New Yorkmarker and former Secretary of War and of State, to be the Endowment's first president. Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1912, Root served until 1925. Founder trustees included Harvard University president Charles William Eliot, philanthropist Robert S. Brookings, former U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain Joseph Hodges Choate, former Secretary of State John W. Foster, and Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching president Henry Smith Pritchett.

In 1914, the Endowment helped created the Hague Academy of International Law. The Academy is housed in the Peace Palacemarker in The Haguemarker, Netherlandsmarker, and opened its doors in 1923.

In 2008, faced with the onset of the global financial crisis and the increasing importance of economics in world discussions, the Endowment created a program in international economics headed by the former director of trade at the World Bank, Uri Dadush. The program currently publishes the International Economics Bulletin bi-monthly to inform on global financial issues.

Presidents



Chairmen



International operations

The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace is based out of several countries. In 1993, the Endowment launched the Carnegie Moscow Center, with the belief that, "in today's world a think tank whose mission is to contribute to global security, stability, and prosperity requires a permanent presence and a multinational outlook at the core of its operations".

Carnegie's stated goal is to become the first multinational/global think tank.

The Carnegie Endowment now has operations in several countries, with headquarters in Moscowmarker, Beijing, Beirutmarker, Brusselsmarker, and Washington, D.C.marker.

Controversies

Discussion of Israel

It is reported by Philip Weiss in the New York Observer that Carnegie's Senior Associate Anatol Lieven "had to parachute out of Carnegie when they didn't want to hear what he had to say about Israel" – Lieven was critical of some elements of the US relationship with Israel. Weiss reports that Lieven told him, "People at the thinktanks have courage somewhere between a seaslug and sheep-guts."

Hanes protest

Jessica T. Mathews, the current president of the institute, has become a source of controversy for the institute due to the claims by the International Labor Rights Forum that garment workers at the TOS factory owned by HanesBrands Inc. in the Dominican Republicmarker are subject to serious workers' rights violations. Mathews is a Board Member of HanesBrands. On March 14, 2008, students and labor activists demonstrated outside the Washington, D.C.marker headquarters of the Carnegie Endowment, in order to "pressure" Mathews to "use her power as a Hanes board member to end sweatshop conditions" at the factory. One worker from the Hanes factory, Julio Castillo, carried a poster with the slogan "Human Rights Hypocrite of the year". According to the protestors, Mathews refused to meet the workers.

References

  1. About the Endowment Carnegie Endowment website
  2. The New York Observer, December 18, 2006


External links




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