Founded by Andrew Carnegie
and chartered in 1906 by an act of the United States Congress
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of
is an independent policy and research center,
whose primary activities of research and writing have resulted in
published reports on every level of education. Nine presidents have
guided the Foundation through its history, each bringing unique
shape to its work.
Influential Foundation achievements include development of the
Insurance and Annuity Association
(TIAA), publication of the
on medical education,
creation of the Carnegie
, founding of the Educational Testing Service
establishment of the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of
Higher Education. The Carnegie Foundation was a leader in the
effort to provide federal aid for higher education, including Pell
Grants, which assist low- and middle-income students.
Congressional charter in 1906 and broadened the Foundation's
mission to include work in education policy and standards. John W.
Gardner became president in 1955 concurrent with his presidency of
the Carnegie Corporation of New York. His focus was on balancing
quality and equity. Alan Pifer, again president of both the
Foundation and the Corporation, established a task force in 1967
under the leadership of Clark Kerr
Kerr's direction, the Carnegie Commission on
and the Carnegie
Council on Policy Studies in Higher Education
than 160 policy reports, research studies and technical reports
that helped define key federal policies and programs in higher
education and student financial aid.
The rebirth of an independent Carnegie Foundation
With Ernest L. Boyer's appointment as president in 1979, the
Foundation separated from the Carnegie Corporation, which had
supported it during a period of financial problems. It became an
independent institution and eventually moved to Princeton, N.J.
During Boyer's tenure, the Foundation maintained its interest in
higher education and broadened its work to recognize the
interconnection of all stages in the educational experience.
Landmark policy reports, including High School: A Report on
Secondary Education in America and College: The Undergraduate
Experience in America, involved the Foundation in the national
debate and activities around school reform and strengthening
colleges and universities. Boyer's influential report, Scholarship
Reconsidered: Priorities of the Professoriate, laid the groundwork
for a broader definition of scholarship, which has become common
parlance at universities around the United States and the
The move west
In the summer of 1997, with Lee S. Shulman at the helm, the Foundation
relocated from Princeton, New Jersey to its current home in California.
in the San Francisco
Bay Area, the Foundation draws upon the rich resources
of the region, including universities, philanthropic and civic
institutions, and nonprofit research organizations.
Anthony S. Bryk became the ninth president of the Foundation in
- CFAT website - history
- CFAT archive at Columbia University
- Ellen Condliffe Lagemann, Private power for the public good
: a history of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of
Teaching. With a new foreword by Lee S. Shulman, New York :
College Entrance Examination Board, 1999 (Originally published: 1st
ed. Middletown, Conn. : Wesleyan University Press, 1983)