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Sir Carol Reed (30 December 1906 – 25 April 1976) was an Englishmarker film director, most famous for directing The Third Man, The Agony and the Ecstasy and Oliver!. He won the 1968 Academy Award for Best Director for Oliver!.

Early life

The son of actor-producer Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree and his mistress, May Pinney Reed, Carol Reed was born in Putneymarker, Londonmarker, and educated at The King's School, Canterburymarker. Reed served in the British Army during the Second World War, giving him many experiences which appeared in his later films.


He embarked on an acting career while still in his teens, but soon went into the role of producer/director, and was responsible for The Stars Look Down (1939), Kipps (1941), Odd Man Out (1947), The Fallen Idol (1948), Outcast of the Islands (1952), Our Man in Havana (1959), and The Agony and the Ecstasy (1965). The Fallen Idol and Our Man in Havana are based on the work of Graham Greene.

From 1943 until 1947, he was married to the British film star Diana Wynyard. After their divorce, he married, in 1948, the actress Penelope Dudley Ward, also known as Pempie, the elder daughter of Freda Dudley Ward, who had been a mistress of the Prince of Wales, later Edward VIII of the United Kingdom and Duke of Windsor. They had one son, Max, and a nephew was the actor Oliver Reed. His stepdaughter, Miss Ward's daughter, Tracy Reed, acted in numerous films, notably as the only woman in Dr. Strangelove.

In 1953, he became only the second British film director to be knighted for his craft. The first was Sir Alexander Korda in 1942.


Carol Reed died from a heart attack on 25 April 1976 at his home in Chelseamarker, London at the age of 69.


Year Film Notes
1935 It Happened in Paris
Midshipman Easy
1936 Laburnum Grove
1937 Talk of the Devil Also Writer
Who's Your Lady Friend?
1938 Penny Paradise
Bank Holiday
1939 Climbing High
A Girl Must Live
The Stars Look Down
1940 Girl in the News
Night Train to Munich
1941 Kipps
A Letter from Home
1942 The Young Mr Pitt
1943 The New Lot
1944 The Way Ahead
1945 The True Glory uncredited
1947 Odd Man Out Also Producer
1948 The Fallen Idol Also Producer
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director
1949 The Third Man Also Producer
Grand Prize of the Cannes Film Festival
BAFTA Award for Best British Film

1952 Outcast of the Islands Also Producer
1953 The Man Between Also Producer
1955 A Kid for Two Farthings Also Producer
1956 Trapeze
1958 The Key
1959 Our Man in Havana Also Producer
1962 Mutiny on the Bounty replaced by Lewis Milestone; uncredited
1963 The Running Man Also Producer
1965 The Agony and the Ecstasy Also Producer
1968 Oliver! Academy Award for Best Director
1970 Flap
1972 Follow Me!


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