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Carrie Minetta Jacobs-Bond (August 11, 1862 – December 28, 1946) was an Americanmarker singer, pianist, and songwriter who composed some 175 pieces of popular sheet music from the 1890s through the early 1940s. She is best remembered for writing the parlor song song, "I Love You Truly", becoming the first woman to sell one million copies of a song. An enduring favorite as a wedding song, it first appeared in her 1901 collection Seven Songs, along with "Just Awearyin' for You", which was also widely recorded.Jacobs-Bond's song with the highest number of sales immediately after release was "A Perfect Day" in 1910; the Mission Innmarker in Riverside, Californiamarker, has a 4th-floor suite named for Carrie Jacobs-Bond because it was there that, in 1909, she wrote the words for that song. A 2009 August 29 NPR documentary on Jacobs-Bond emphasized "I Love You Truly" together with "Just Awearyin' for You" and "A Perfect Day" as her three great hits. Jacobs-Bond was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970.

Personal life

Carrie Minetta Jacobs was born in Janesville, Wisconsinmarker, to Dr. Hannibal Jacobs and his wife, Emma Davis Jacobs. A distant cousin of "Home Sweet Home" (also a parlor song) lyricist John Howard Payne, she was born in the house of her maternal grandparents at the corner of Pleasant Street (now Court Street) and Oakhill Avenue. Her father died while she was a child, and the family faced financial difficulties without him. During her short-lived first marriage to Edward Smith, her only child, Frederick Jacobs Smith, was born. This marriage ended in divorce in 1887. Her second marriage was to her childhood sweetheart, Dr. Frank Lewis Bond of Johnstown, Wisconsin, in 1888. They lived in Iron River, Michiganmarker, where she was a homemaker and supplemented the family income with painted ceramics, piano lessons, and her musical compositions. When the economy of the iron mining area collapsed, the family doctor had no money. Struck by a child's snowball, Dr. Bond fell on the ice, and died five days later from crushed ribs. His wife was left with debts too large to be absorbed by the $4,000 in proceeds of his life insurance, and returned to Janesville. Selling ceramics, renting out a room, and writing songs didn't produce enough money to pay her bills, so she slowly sold off her furniture and ate only once per day.

After achieving some success with her composing, she and her son moved to Chicagomarker to be closer to music publishers. Soon she found that people enjoyed her simple and lyrical music. Her lyrics and music exemplified extreme sentimentality, which was intensely popular at that time. Because Jacobs-Bond's attempts to have her music published were repeatedly turned down by the male-dominated music industry of the day, she resorted to establishing her own sheet music publishing company in 1896. As a result, she was one of very few women in the industry and perhaps the only one to own every word of every song she wrote. To ease the pains of her rheumatism, in the early 1920s she and her son moved to Hollywood, California, where she continued performing and publishing. Jacobs-Bond died in her Hollywoodmarker home of a heart attack. She is buried in the "Court of Honor" at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemeterymarker in Glendale, Californiamarker.

Carrie Jacobs-Bond also published books of children's poetry and an autobiography and drew the artwork for her sheet music covers. The wild rose, her trademark artwork, appears on many of her publications. Former U.S. President Herbert Hoover wrote in her epitaph: "Beloved composer of 'I Love You Truly' . . . and a hundred other heart songs that express the loves and longings, sadness and gladness of all people everywhere . . . who met widowhood, conquered hardship, and achieved fame by composing and singing her simple romantic melodies. She was America’s gallant lady of song." The Los Angeles City Council honored her as "one of America’s greatest women."

Music career

Carrie Jacobs-Bond studied piano with area teachers while a child. A performer named "Blind Tom" toured the country, instantly memorizing any song played to him and then playing it back. After his part of the program, young Jacobs was prodded to go to the piano. She awed the crowd by playing back Blind Tom's song. She began writing music in the late 1880s when encouraged by her husband to "put down on paper some of the songs that were continually running through my mind." After her return from Iron River, Michigan, and the death of her second husband, she took up residence at 402 East Milwaukee Street, Janesville, Wisconsin, where she wrote the song "I Love You Truly".

A young female singer who lived across the hall from Jacobs-Bond had to leave unexpectedly, so she asked Jacobs-Bond to entertain her manager and another man. When the two men arrived, Jacobs-Bond invited the men into her apartment. The manager, Victor P. Sincere, saw some of her manuscripts lying around and asked whether she had written them. After Jacobs-Bond said yes, Sincere asked her to perform a song;, so she played "I Love You Truly" for him. When he asked whether she would like to have the song performed in public, she answered "no" because she had not copyrighted the song, and someone could steal it. Jacobs-Bond had second thoughts, so she went to the telephone at the corner drugstore and called opera star Jessie Bartlett Davis, even though they had never met. Jacobs-Bond hoped that Davis would make the song as popular as she had "Oh Promise Me" (by Reginald De Koven and Clement Scott) in 1898. Davis volunteered to pay the cost to publish Seven Songs as Unpretentious as the Wild Rose.

After moving to Chicago, Jacobs-Bond slowly gathered a following by singing in small recitals in local homes. She published her first collection with the help of opera star Jessie Bartlett Davis. Seven Songs: as Unpretentious as the Wild Rose, which was released in 1901, included two of her most enduring songs—"I Love You Truly" and "Just Awearyin' for You". The success of Seven Songs allowed Jacobs-Bond to expand her publishing company, known as the Bond Shop, which she had originally opened with her son in her apartment in Janesville. Before the end of 1901, David Bispham augmented Jacobs-Bond's celebrity by giving a recital of exclusively Jacobs-Bond songs in Chicago's Studebaker Theatre.Within a few years, Jacobs-Bond performed for Theodore Roosevelt, gave a recital in England (with Enrico Caruso), and a series of recitals in New York Citymarker.

In 1910 she published "A Perfect Day", for which 25 million copies of the sheet music were sold. It was the most popular of her compositions during her lifetime although "I Love You Truly" was more frequently performed later.

During World War I Jacobs-Bond gave concerts in Europe for U.S. Army troops stationed there. "A Perfect Day" experienced special popularity with them.

Carrie Jacobs-Bond was the most successful woman composer of her day, by some reports earning more than $1 million in royalties from her music before the end of 1910. In 1941, the General Federation of Women’s Clubs cited Jacobs-Bond for her contributions to the progress of women during the 20th century.

Jacobs-Bond's life and lyrics serve as testimony to her resilience in overcoming hardships such as poverty, her father's death, her divorce, her second husband's death, and her only child's suicide in 1932 while "A Perfect Day" was playing on the phonograph.

Published works

Sheet music

  • Almost Impossible
  • The Angelus
  • At Morning, Noon and Night
  • A Bad Dream
  • Because I Am Your Friend
  • Because of the Light
  • Betty's Music Box.
  • The Bird Song
  • Birds
  • The Blue Flag
  • But I Have You
  • California
  • Chimney Swallows
  • Come, Mr. Dream-maker, 1897
  • Compensation
  • Consolation
  • A Cottage In God's Garden
  • The Crimson-Breasted Bird
  • Cupid's Home
  • The Dark Lament
  • The Dear Auf Wiedersehn
  • De Las' Long Res', 1901
  • Des Hold My Hands Tonight, 1901
  • Do You Remember, 1915
  • The Elopment
  • The End of a Perfect Day
  • Evening, My Love and You.
  • First Ask Yourself
  • The Flying Flag
  • The Forget Me Not
  • The Free Concert
  • The Gate of Tears
  • God Remembers When the World Forgets, 1913
  • Going to Church with Mother
  • The Golden Key
  • The Good Folk
  • Good Night
  • Got to Practice, 1917
  • The Hand of You.
  • Happy Lil Sal
  • Have You Seen My Kitty?
  • His Buttons Are Marked 'U.S.', 1902
  • His Lullaby
  • Hollyhocks
  • Homeland
  • A Hundred Years from Now, 1914
  • Hush-a-by
  • I Love You Truly, 1901 & 1906
  • I was Dreaming... Maybe
  • If I Could Hear Your Voice Again
  • I'm the Captain of the Broom Stick Cavalry, 1890
  • In a Foreign Land
  • In Dear Hawaii, 1908


  • In My Garden
  • In the Meadow, 1925
  • Is My Molly Dead?, 1895
  • Is Yo'? Yo' Is, 1905
  • I've Done My Work, 1920
  • Jesus Is Calling
  • June and December
  • Just Awearyin' for You, composed 1901; recorded by Evan Williams (1867-1918)
  • Just by Laughing
  • Just Lonesome
  • Keep Awake
  • Know and Find
  • Lazy River
  • Life's Garden
  • The Lily and the Rose
  • Linger Not
  • A Little Bit O'Honey, 1917
  • The Little House
  • Little Lost Youth of Me.
  • A Little Pink Rose, 1912
  • A Little Shoe
  • Lively Hour
  • Long Time Ago
  • Longing
  • Look Up
  • Love and Sorrow
  • Lovely Hour
  • Love's Sacred Trust
  • The Lure
  • May I Print a Kiss?
  • Memories of Versailles Waltz
  • A Memory
  • Men and Women
  • Morning and Evening
  • Mother Mine
  • Mother's Cradle Song, 1895
  • Mother's Three Ages of Man
  • Movin' in de Bes' Soci'ty.
  • My Dear
  • My Garden of Memory
  • My Son!
  • My Soul
  • The Naughty Little Girl
  • Nothin' but Love!
  • Nothing but a Wild Rose
  • Now and Then
  • O Haunting Memory.
  • O Time Take Me Back, 1916
  • Old Friends of Mine
  • Out in the Fields
  • Over Hills and Fields of Daisies
  • The Pansy and the Forget-Me-Not
  • Parting, 1901


  • A Perfect Day, 1910
  • Play Make Believe
  • Please
  • Remember to Forget
  • Robin Adair
  • Roses Are In Bloom
  • The Sandman, 1912
  • Shadows, 1901
  • A Sleepy Song
  • Smile a Little
  • Someone I Love is Coming
  • A Song of the Hills
  • The Soul of You
  • Still Unexprest', 1901
  • Stop and Sing
  • A Study in Symbols
  • Sunshine (Po Li'l Lamb)
  • Ten Thousand Time
  • There Is a Way
  • Through the Mists
  • Through the Years, 1918
  • Time Make All but Love the Past
  • Tis Summer in Thine Eyes
  • To-Day.
  • To My Valentine, 1926
  • To the Savior Called
  • To the Victor (March)
  • To Understand
  • Trouble
  • Two Lovers
  • Tzigani Dances
  • Until Death
  • Until God's Day
  • A Vision
  • Walking in Her Garden
  • Waltz of the Wild Flowers, 1916
  • The Way of the World
  • We Are All Americans, 1918
  • Were I
  • When Church is Out
  • When do I Want You Most?
  • When God Puts Out the Light
  • When I am Dead, My Dearest
  • When I Bid the World Goodnight
  • When My Ships Come to Me
  • When You're Sad
  • When Youth's Eternal
  • Who is True?
  • Why
  • Write to Me Often, Dear, 1896
  • Your Song


Song books

  • Eleven Songs, 1897
    • Mother's Cradle Song
    • Write to Me Often, Dear
    • Come, Mr. Dream-Maker
    • The Pansy and the Forget Me Not
    • Who is True
    • June and December
    • Someone I Love Is Coming
    • Through the Mists
    • Until Death
  • Four Songs, 1899
    • A Little Shoe
    • Have You Seen My Kitty?
    • The Bird Song
    • When My Ships Come Home
  • Seven Songs as Unpretentious as the Wild Rose, 1901
  • Two Songs, 1902
    1. May I Print a Kiss
    2. Two Lovers
  • Twelve Songs, 1902
    • A Bad Dream
    • I Was Dreaming... Maybe
    • Linger Not
    • Love's Sacred Trust
    • Mother's Three Ages of Man
    • Over Hills and Fields of Daisies
    • The Dear Auf Wiedersehn
    • Time Make All But Love the Past
    • When I Am Dead, My Dearest
    • When I Bid the World Goodnight
  • Three Songs, 1904
    • Nothing But a Wild Rose
    • The Angelus
    • Walking in Her Garden


  • Ten Songs, 1905
    • In a Foreign Land
    • Just By Laughing
    • Men and Women
    • My Dearest Dear
    • When Do I Want You Most?
    • Where to Build Your Castles
  • Two Songs, 1907
    1. Happy Lil Sal
    2. Trouble
  • Half Minute Songs or Miniature Songs, 1910
    1. Making the Best of It
    2. First Ask Yourself
    3. To Understand
    4. Doan' Yo' Lis'n
    5. How to Find Success
    6. The Pleasure of Giving
    7. Answer the First Rap
    8. A Good Exercise
    9. A Present From Yourself
    10. Now and Then
    11. When They Say the Unkind Things
    12. Keep Awake
  • The Smile Songs, 1910
    • Know and Find
    • Look Up
    • Mother Mine
    • Please
    • Robin Adair
    • Smile a Little
    • Stop and Sing
    • The Good Folk
    • The Way of the World
    • There Is a Way
    • Why
    • Almost Impossible
  • Little Kitchen Songs and Stories, 1911
  • Thirty Songs: Songs Everybody Sings, about 1927


Autobiography

Jacobs-Bond, Carrie. The Roads of Melody: My Story. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1927. 223 pp. ISBN 0-405-12825-8, ASIN B000ORLJCW.

Poetry


Tales of Little Dogs (1921)

Notes

  1. Jacobs-Bond's bio on Infoplease.com
  2. Jacobs-Bond revised "I Love You Truly" and republished it in 1905. Jacobs-Bond's Infoplease.com bio lists "I Love You Truly" together with "Just Awearyin' for You" and "A Perfect Day" as being the three songs for which she is most remembered. Frank Lebby Stanton wrote the lyrics for "Just Awearyin' for You"; Jacobs-Bond, the music. She alone wrote both words and music for those other two songs, as is the case with the preponderance of her songs.
  3. Carrie Jacobs-Bond Suite at the Mission Inn.
  4. Rick Reublein, America's First Great Woman Popular Song Composer. Musicologist David A. Jasen (in A Century of American Popular Music [annotated edition] [New York: Routledge, 2002], ISBN 100415937000, ISBN 13978-0415937009) chose those three of Jacobs-Bond's works for inclusion among the most noteworthy U.S. songs of the 20th century.
  5. "Carrie Jacobs-Bond sings again" on National Public Radio, 2009 August 30 (accessed 2009 August 30).
  6. As of 2009 two book-length biographies are available: Peggy DePuydt, A Perfect Day: Carrie Jacobs-Bond, the Million-Dollar Woman (New York: Golden Book Publisher, 2003), 334 pp., ISBN 1588989151, ISBN 978-1588989154; and Max Morath, I Love You Truly: A Biographical Novel Based on the Life of Carrie Jacobs-Bond (Bloomington, IN: IUniverse, 2008), 176 pp., ISBN 0595530176, ISBN 9780595530175. The former is a popular rather than scholarly treatment; the latter is autobiographical fiction. See also her autobiography and Judith E. Carman, William K. Gaeddert, Rita M. Resch, & Gordon Myers (editors), Art Song in the United States, 1759-1999: An Annotated Bibliography (3rd edition with foreword by Phyllis Gurtin) (Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2001), passim, ISBN 0-810-84137-1.
  7. Jacobs-Bond bio on the Songwriters Hall of Fame site.
  8. Jacobs-Bond bio on the University of Colorado site;
  9. Library of Congress Jacobs-Bond site.
  10. Carrie Jacobs Bond Sings Again.
  11. "She revised "I Love You Truly" in 1905 and republished it in 1906.
  12. Library of Congress Jacobs-Bond site.
  13. "A Perfect Day" became an ersatz vesper hymn on the carillon of the Mission Inn in Riverside, California. Jacobs-Bond was staying in the Mission Inn in 1909 when from her 4th-floor window she beheld the sun going down over Mount Rubidoux, inspiring her composition of the song at the end of that same day.
  14. Jacobs-Bond bio on the Songwriters of Fame site.
  15. Rick Reublein, "America's First Great Woman Popular Song Composer.
  16. Iron River Iron County Museum on Hunts-upguide.com. The Wisconsin Stories site on Jacobs-Bond estimates that in 2009 values the amount would be $20 million.
  17. SHOF Jacobs-Bond site.
  18. Peggy DePuydt's biography (A Perfect Day: Carrie Jacobs-Bond, the Million-Dollar Woman [New York: Golden Book Publisher, 2003]), esp. pp. 329-334 describing Jacobs-Bond's funeral, is particularly prone throughout to play up these sentimental emphases.
  19. Rick Reublein, "America's First Great Woman Popular Song Composer" site.


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