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Case Closed, also known as , is a Japanese detective manga series written and illustrated by Gosho Aoyama and is serialized in Weekly Shōnen Sunday since 1994. The name "Case Closed" for the English language release results from "unspecified legal considerations" of the name Detective Conan. The story follows the adventures of Jimmy Kudo, a prodigious young detective who was inadvertently transformed into a child due to a poison.

Case Closed has been continuously serialized in the Japanese manga anthology Weekly Shōnen Sunday since 1994 and has been collected in sixty-six Tankōbon volumes as of November 2009. Since its publication, Case Closed has spawned a substantial media franchise. The manga has been adapted into an animated television series produced by TMS Entertainment which is still ongoing in Japan as it adapts the story from the manga. The series has also spawned eleven original video animations, thirteen animated feature films, and many video games.

Viz Media licensed the manga series under the name for English-language publication in North America and released thirty-two volumes as of November 2009. Funimation Entertainment licensed the anime series for North American broadcast. Both the English adaption went under the name Case Closed. Fifty episodes of the English dubbed series aired on Cartoon Network as part of their Adult Swim programming block on May 24, 2004 until January 2005 and were discontinued due to low ratings.

The anime adaptation has been well received, ranking in the top twenty in Animage's polls between 1996 until 2000 where it dropped below the top twenty. In the Japanese TV anime ranking, Case Closed often ranked the top six.

Plot

Jimmy Kudo, a 17-year-old high school prodigy and detective who frequently worked with the police, was attacked by two members of a mysterious crime syndicate while investigating a case regarding blackmail. He was then forced to take a newly developed experimental poison that was supposed to kill him, but due to a rare side-effect unknown to the two men, the drug transformed his body back into that of his seven-year-old self instead, after they left him for dead. In order to hide his identity and investigate the whereabouts of the syndicate, which he later finds out is called the Black Organization, he adopts the pseudonym Conan Edogawa. To search for leads to the syndicate, he manages to move in with his childhood friend Rachel Moore, whose father Richard Moore works as a private investigator. He also enrolls at Teitan elementary school and forms the Junior Detective League with three other children in his class; Amy, Mitch, and George. Even as Conan, Jimmy continues solving criminal cases, usually posing as Richard Moore with the help of special gadgets, invented by a friend of his parents who is a scientist. Richard Moore, a rather inept detective, is bewildered at the sudden rise in his case-solving abilities, but does not question this as he is more than glad about his subsequent rise in fame.

Later in the series, another main character, Anita Hailey, appears. A former member of the Black Organization, codenamed "Sherry", she is actually Shiho Miyano, a gifted chemist who developed the poison APTX 4869 which turned Jimmy back into a child. After her sister was brutally murdered by members of the Black Organization, she tried to get out and was held captive. She then attempted to commit suicide by taking a dose of APTX 4869, but instead was transformed into a child as well, and managed to escape from them. She then enrolled in Conan's school under the pseudonym Anita Hailey. She knows Conan's true identity and helps him in his quest to bring down the Black Organization.

Later on, Conan becomes involved with the American FBI, and they are able to capture Kir, a member of the Black Organization. Kir is later revealed to be an undercover CIA agent, and promises to relay information about the Black Organization to the FBI. They return Kir to the organization. Later, she tells the FBI that the Black Organization has a new member codenamed Bourbon.

Production

Gosho Aoyama's Case Closed manga was influenced by the stories of Arsène Lupin, Sherlock Holmes, and the samurai films of Akira Kurosawa. The name, 'Detective Conan' comes from Arthur Conan Doyle who wrote the stories about Sherlock Holmes.

Media

Manga

The chapters of the Case Closed manga are written and illustrated by Gosho Aoyama. In Japan, they have been published in Shogakukan's Weekly Shōnen Sunday since 1994. Since Case Closed's premiere, over seven hundred chapters have been released in Japan. The individual chapters are collected by Shogakukan in a series of tankōbon volumes. The first volume was released on June 18, 1994; as of August 18, 2009, sixty-five volumes have been released. Viz Media released the first volume on September 7, 2004, with thirty-two volumes released as of November 17, 2009.

Anime

The episodes of the Case Closed anime series are directed by Kenji Kodama and Yasuichiro Yamamoto and produced by TMS Entertainment and Yomiuri Telecasting Corporationmarker. Funimation Entertainment obtained the foreign television and home video rights to the Case Closed anime where it premiered on Cartoon network. Fifty episodes of the English dubbed series aired on Cartoon Network as part of their Adult Swim programming block on May 24, 2004 until January 2005 and were discontinued due to low ratings.

As of July 2009, 17 parts and 143 volumes in total have been released by Shogakukan. Five DVD collection boxes of the English adaption of the anime has been released by Funimation Entertainment and contains the first to fifth seasons of the anime.

TV drama

Two single-episode tv dramas have been made from this series, one in 2006 and one in 2007.

The first drama, which premiered in Japan on Nippon Televisionmarker on October 2, 2006. It served as a prequel of the current storyline, starring Shun Oguri as Jimmy Kudo, Tomoka Kurokawa as Rachel Moore, and Takanori Jinnai as Richard Moore.

The second TV drama premiered on December 17, 2007, with added characters such as Yu Kashii as Shiho Miyano, Kuranosuke Sasaku as Gin, Taro Okada as Vodka, Ryosei Tayama as Agasa, Nao Fujisaki (Conan) and Kyoka Shibata (Haibara).

Movies

There are thirteen feature films based on the Case Closed series. The films have been released in April of each year starting in 1997. Each movie features an original plotline, rather than being an adaptation of the manga's story.

The first movie, Case Closed: The Time-Bombed Skyscraper known as in Japan, was screened on April 19, 1997, directed by Michihiko Sawa and written by Kazunari Kochi. It was partly based on Gosho Aoyama's planned ending for Magic Kaito, on a chain of arson/bombing cases around Tokyo, intertwined with Rachel's request for a date with Jimmy in a place destined to be bombed. It was released by FUNimation in 2006, and short of standard name changes, there was no significant changes to the English adaptation.

The second movie,Case Closed: The Fourteenth Target known as , in Japan, debuted on April 18, 1998, and the English version was released in 2007. Directed by Kanetsugu Kodama and written by Kazunari Kochi, it was about a case in which people close to Richard Moore were attacked in a way similar to The A.B.C. Murders. This movie achieved a distributor's income of 1.05 billion yen. It was released by FUNimation as a DVD in 2007. Although the storyline remained the same, due to character name changes, there have been significant changes in the explanation of the names used.

The third movie, Case Closed: The Last Wizard of the Century, known as in Japan, debuted on April 17, 1999. It was again written and directed by Kanetsugu Kodama and Kazunari Kochi respectively. This movie was on a newly-discovered Faberge egg that was subject to Phantom Thief Kid's warning—and a murder case that involves the descendant of Rasputin. This movie achieved a distributor's income of 1.45 billion yen.

The fourth movie, Case Closed: Captured in Her Eyes, known as in Japan, was first screened on April 22, 2000. Directed and wrote by the same staff of the previous two movies, Captured in Her Eyes was about how Rachel Moore became entangled in a series of murder cases where police officers were victims, and when a failed murder attempt gave her amnesia and made herself another target of the killer. This movie achieved a box office income of 2.5 billion Japanese yen.

The fifth movie, Case Closed: Countdown to Heaven, known as in Japan, was first screened on April 21, 2001. Keeping the director and writer of previous movies, in this movie the murder of a developer, the bombing of the latest development of the development, together with the Black Organization and Anita Hailey's suspicious phone calls, brought it box office receipts of 2.9 billion yen.

The sixth movie, Case Closed: The Phantom of Baker Street, known as in Japan, was first shown on April 20, 2002. This movie was written by famed scriptwriter Hisashi Nozawa, but kept Kanetsugu Kodama as director. This movie was a double story: in real life, the murder of a IT magnate's chief programmer, while in the virtual world, a virtual reality game that Conan and friends played, their lives were in danger. This movie brought 3.4 billion yen at the box office.

The seventh movie, , was first screened on April 19, 2003. The writer was again Kazunari Kochi while Kanetsugu Kodama was kept as the director. Staged in Kyoto, this movie concerned the unmasking of a gang of antique robbers. This movie brought box office income of 3.2 billion yen.

The eighth movie, , premiered on April 17, 2004. This was the first of Yasuichiro Yamamoto's Detective Conan movies, but Kazunari Kochi stayed as the writer. The movie was about a poisoning case on an airliner, and since the pilot and co-pilot were also affected, Conan Edogawa and Phantom Thief Kid were forced to take case of the lives of the passengers. The movie brought box office income of 2.8 billion yen.

The ninth movie, , was first screened on April 19, 2005. The movie kept the previous movie's director and writer. Set on a cruise ship and integrating the murder of the shipbuilder, a shipwreck disaster, and part of Rachel Moore and Jimmy Kudo's past, this movie resulted in 2.15 billion yen.

The tenth movie, was announced on December 15, 2005 and was released on April 15, 2006, debuting at the number one position in the Japanese box office and remained there for three consecutive weeks. As of May 28, 2006, it earned $25.8 million in the Japanese box office. Directed by Taiichiro Yamamoto and written by Kazunari Kochi, it was about Conan's investigation of an old murder case as Rachel and friends were held hostage. Important personnel such as Hattori Heiji, Phantom Thief Kid and Saguru Hakuba have all appeared in this movie.

The eleventh movie, , was first released on April 27, 2007. Written by Kazunari Kochi and directed by Kanetsugu Kodama, the movie was about the murder of treasure hunters and the alleged loot left by pirate Anne Bonny on a Japanese island. This movie brought in 2.53 billion yen.

The twelfth movie, was announced on February 20, 2008, and released on April 19, 2008, debuting at the number one position in the Japanese box office. It is unknown how long it remained there at this time. There have been reports that the advertising for the film was limited, yet normal for a Detective Conan movie. It was reported that (an estimate of) 350,000 people watched the movie in its opening weekend alone. As of May 5, 2008 the movie has earned over 420.03 million yen.. It is twelfth on 2008's Top Domestic Movies at Japanese Box Office. This movie brought in 2.42 billion yen

The thirteenth movie, was previewed at the end of the twelfth movie and was released on April 18, 2009. This movie is about the Black Organization, the first since movie 5. In the movie, a new member of the Black Organization, Irish, manages to find out Conan's identity, putting everyone around him in danger.This movie earned over 3.4 billion yen, making it the highest grossing movie in the Detective Conan series.The fourteenth movie was announced at the end of the thirteenth movie theaterical release.

Video games

Currently, the majority of the games have only been released in Japan. A Game Boy Advance game called Detective Conan: The Targeted Detective was released in Japan with no outside release planned. There were also many PlayStation games, as well as Detective Conan: Legacy of the Great Empire for the PlayStation 2. A Wii game of Case Closed named Case Closed: The Mirapolis Investigation was released on May, 2007 in Japan and is scheduled for a North American release in 2009. An adventure game for the Conan series titled Meitantei Conan & Kindaichi Shōnen no Jikenbou for the DS was released on February 5, 2009. On its opening weekend it sold about 20,000 copies and was the sixth best-selling game in Japan.

CDs

Cover of Detective Conan Original Soundtrack
Thirty-one CD soundtracks, produced by Polydor Records of Universal Music Group, have been released for the Case Closed anime series and films. Detective Conan: Original Soundtrack 1 was released on February 21, 1996 and contains twenty tracks. Detective Conan: Original Soundtrack 2 followed on May 2, 1996 with seventy tracks. Detective Conan: Original Soundtrack 3 was released on November 25, 1996 with twenty-seven tracks. Detective Conan: Original Soundtrack 4 ~Let's go! Detective Boys~ was released on April 25, 2001 with twenty-eight soundtracks. Three CDs were released containing the collections of "best" theme songs in the anime. Detective Conan: Original Soundtrack- Super Best was released on November 27, 1997 containing thirty-tracks. Detective Conan: Original Soundtrack- Super Best 2 was released on December 17, 2003 containing twenty-two tracks. Detective Conan TV Original Soundtrack: Selection Best was released on December 5, 2007. Five CDs were released containing the theme songs used throughout the anime. Two image albums were released along with four single albums. Each of the films from the series have also had their own CDs.

Trading Card Game

Case Closed Trading Card Game is a collectible card game based around the Case Closed series. Produced by Score Entertainment, the game was published in June 2005 in America. The game is played between two to six players. Players compete to be the first to successfully solve three cases using their detectives and appropriate clues, while simultaneously attempting to stop their opponent from doing so. Rather than taking alternating turns, each player plays through each of the five steps of a full turn at the same time.

Reception

In 2001, the manga won the Shogakukan Manga Award for shōnen, along with Cheeky Angel by Hiroyuki Nishimori. At the 5th Annual Tokyo Anime Awards competition, the ninth Detective Conan movie, Detective Conan: Strategy Above the Depths, won the Feature Film category, together with Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam: Heirs To The Stars.

TV Asahimarker, in a national survey conducted in 2005, placed the series as the sixth in the top 100 anime, while in a web survey also conducted by the same TV network, the series was ranked at eighth. The same poll, done in 2006, put the series in the 23rd place using the online poll, and 43rd based on a survey of 100 celebrities.

Due to its high popularity, several Japanese government agencies had used the series to promote government policies, including the mission of the Ministry for Foreign Affairsmarker, the history of the G8 Summit, and general crime fighting.

Case Closed was featured in the sixth installment of Japan Post's Anime, Heroes and Heroines commemorative stamp series, issued on 3 April 2006. The set was on a miniature sheet, featuring Jimmy Kudo, Conan Edogawa, Rachel Moore, the Junior Detective League, the Black Organization, Anita Hailey, and Phantom Thief Kid. The first day of issue cancel featured Conan and Rachel.

References

  1. Detective Conan 10 Years Cinema Guide, Shogakukan 2006.
  2. Highest grossing movies of 1998, Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Accessed 2008-05-23.
  3. Highest grossing movies of 1999, Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Accessed 2008-05-23.
  4. Highest grossing movies of 2000, Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Assessed 2008-05-23.
  5. Highest grossing movies of 2001, Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Assessed 2008-05-23.
  6. Highest grossing movies of 2002, Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Assessed 2008-05-23.
  7. Highest grossing movies of 2003, Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Assessed 2008-05-23.
  8. Highest grossing movies of 2004, Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Assessed 2008-05-23.
  9. Highest grossing movies of 2005, Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Assessed 2008-05-23.
  10. Note it is referred as Meitantei Conan: Tanteitachi no requiem.
  11. Highest grossing movies of 2007, Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Assessed 2008-05-23.


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