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Charles Dillon "Casey" Stengel (July 30, 1890 – September 29, 1975), nicknamed "The Old Professor", was an Americanmarker major league baseball player and manager from 1912 until 1965. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Famemarker in 1966.

Stengel was born in Kansas Citymarker, and was originally nicknamed "Dutch", a common nickname at that time for Americans of German ancestry. After his major league career started, he acquired the nickname "Casey", which originally came from the initials of his hometown ("K. C."), which evolved into "Casey", influenced by the wide popularity of the poem Casey at the Bat. In the 1950s, sportswriters dubbed him with yet another nickname, "The Old Professor", for his sharp wit and his ability to talk at length on anything baseball-related.

Although his baseball career spanned a number of teams and cities, he is primarily associated with clubs in New York City. Between playing and managing, he was connected with all four of New York's major league clubs. He was the first of four men (through the 2007 season) to manage both the Yankees and the Mets. (Yogi Berra, Dallas Green, and Joe Torre are the others. Like Torre, he also managed the Braves and the Dodgers.) He ended his baseball career as the beloved manager for the expansion New York Mets, which won over the hearts of New York due to their "lovable loser" image and the unique character of their veteran leader.

Early career

Stengel was athletically inclined and played various sports in grade school and high school, including baseball, football and basketball. He had no particular illusions of sports as a long-term profession, and he had aspirations of a career in dentistry. As described in his autobiography, on pages 58 and 75-76, that he saved enough money from his early minor league experience in 1910-1911 to train to become a dentist. He had some problems due to the lack of left-handed instruments and the training was a struggle. Meanwhile, his minor league career picked up, as he was drafted by the Brooklyn Dodgers and spent most of the 1912 season playing for the Montgomery, Alabamamarker, club in the Southern Association. He had "a pretty good year" with Montgomery, batting .290 with a reputation as a good base stealer. He was brought up to the Dodgers late in the season, and baseball soon became his primary occupation.

In 1914 he got in touch with his baseball and football coach from Kansas City, Bill Driver, who was the football and basketball coach at the University of Mississippimarker. Stengel coached the Ole Miss baseball team to a 13-9 record. This is where he earned the nickname "The Professor".

Major League playing career

Stengel was an outfielder on several teams in the National League beginning on September 17, 1912: the Brooklyn Dodgers from -17; the Pittsburgh Pirates in and ; the Philadelphia Phillies in and part of ; the New York Giants from 1921 to ; and the Boston Braves in and . He played in three World Series: in 1916 for the Dodgers and in 1922 and 1923 for the Giants.

He threw left-handed and batted left-handed. His batting average was .284 over 14 major league seasons.

He was a competent player, but by no means a superstar. On July 8, , discussing his career before the United States Senate's Estes Kefauver committee on baseball's antitrust status, he made this observation: "I had many years that I was not so successful as a ballplayer, as it is a game of skill."

On the other hand, he once joked: "I was such a dangerous hitter I even got intentional walks during batting practice."

Nonetheless he had a good World Series in a losing cause in , hitting two home runs (one of which was the first World Series home run in Yankee Stadium history) to win the two games the Giants won in that Series. He was traded to the perennial second-division-dwelling Braves in the off-season, a fact which apparently stung him. Years later he made the pithy comment "It's lucky I didn't hit three home runs in three games, or McGraw would have traded me to the 3-I League."

In 1919 Stengel of the Pittsburgh Pirates was being taunted mercilessly by fans of the Brooklyn Dodgers, his old team. Somehow Casey got hold of a sparrow and used it to turn the crowd in his favor. With the bird tucked gently beneath his cap, Casey strutted to the plate amidst a chorus of boos and catcalls. He turned to the crowd, tipped his hat and out flew the sparrow. The jeers turned to cheers, and Casey became an instant favorite.

New York Yankees

Stengel became better known for managing than for playing. His first managerial positions were on the Brooklyn Dodgers (1934-1936) and Boston Braves (1938-1943), where he was not very successful, never finishing better than 5th in an 8-team league. As he said in 1958, "I became a major league manager in several cities and was discharged. We call it discharged because there is no question I had to leave."

Stengel demonstrated he could be successful as a manager of a team having worthy talent. In , Stengel was hired as the manager of the minor league Milwaukee Brewers, over the strenuous objections of club owner Bill Veeck (who was serving in the South Pacific with the Marines at the time, and therefore unable to prevent the hiring). Veeck was proven wrong as Stengel led the Brewers to the American Association pennant that year. In Stengel managed the Oakland Oaks to the Pacific Coast League championship. This caught the attention of the New York Yankees, who were looking for a new manager.

Despite a good deal of initial skepticism in the press, Stengel was hired as the skipper of the Yankees in 1949, and finally had a chance for success at the major league level. When he took the reins of the Yankees, he made this observation: "There is less wrong with this team than any team I have ever managed." That would prove to be an understatement.

He and the Yankees swiftly proceeded to win record numbers of championships. Stengel became the only person to manage a team to five consecutive World Series championships (1949-1953), and under his guidance the 1950s Yankees became a juggernaut. After the streak ended with the Yankees failing to win the American League Pennant in 1954, Stengel and the Yanks continued their dominance, going on to win two more World Championships (1956 and 1958), and five more American League Pennants (1955-1958, 1960). As manager of the Yankees, Stengel gained a reputation as one of the game's sharpest tacticians: he platooned left and right-handed hitters extensively (which had become a lost art by the late 1940s), and sometimes pinch hit for his starting pitcher in early innings if he felt a timely hit would break the game open.

Stengel was a master publicist and promoter, especially for his teams. He was a captivating raconteur and especially during the years of success with the Yankees had the New York media eating out of his hand. He became as much of a public figure as many of his star players such as Mantle. He appeared on the cover of national, non-sports, magazines such as Time Magazine. His apparently stream-of-consciousness monologues on all facets of baseball history and tactics (and anything else that took his fancy) became known as "Stengelese" to sportswriters. They also earned him the nickname "The Old Perfesser".

In the spring of , after the Yankees had won four straight World Series victories he made the following observation, which could just as easily have been made by The Perfessor's prize pupil, Yogi Berra: "If we're going to win the pennant, we've got to start thinking we're not as smart as we think we are."

Although Stengel benefited from the Yankees' deep pockets and ability to sign players, he was a hands-on manager: The 1949 Yankees were riddled by injuries, and Stengel's platooning abilities played a major role in their championship run. Platooning also played a major role in the 1951 team's World Series run. With Joe DiMaggio declining rapidly and Mickey Mantle yet to become a powerhouse, the Yankees were weak offensively. Stengel, leaving his solid pitching alone, moved players in and out of the line-up, putting good hitters in the line-up in the early innings and benching them for good fielders later. The strategy worked: The Yankees beat the Cleveland Indians for the pennant in September and took the Series from the New York Giants four games to two.

Aside from "Stengelese", Casey's sense of humor would be displayed in various ways. One story is repeated in Lost Ballparks (Lawrence S. Ritter, Viking Studio Books, 1992, p. 35), in which Stengel plays with fans of the Chicago White Sox in 1960, the first year of Comiskey Parkmarker's "exploding scoreboard", then a novelty and an annoyance to some visiting teams. The scoreboard would light up, make noise, and shoot off fireworks whenever a Sox player would hit a home run. According to the book, on the Yankees' "first visit" to Chicago that year, Stengel and the Yankees waved some sparklers after Clete Boyer hit a home run. While the sparkler waving actually did happen, it wasn't until the Yankees second visit to Chicago that this took place, a Friday night game on June 17. [11447]

After losing to the Pittsburgh Pirates in the 1960 World Series after a ninth-inning game-winning home run by Bill Mazeroski, Stengel was involuntarily retired from the Yankees, because he was believed to be too old to manage. As reported in Ken Burns' PBS video, "Baseball," Stengel remarked that he had been fired for turning 70, and that he would "never make that mistake again." Over the years Stengel's tactical genius kept the Yankees in many games they might have otherwise lost. It was under Stengel's leadership that the Yankees won 10 Pennants and seven world championships in 12 years, from 1949-1960; the only years during that span that they did not win the AL Pennant and appear in the World Series were 1954 and 1959. However, in the 1960 Series, Stengel’s moves allowed a perceived inferior Pittsburgh team to win in seven games. He held Whitey Ford out until Game 3, which only allowed the league's best pitcher to pitch (and win) two games. Art Ditmar started game 1 and he lost. There has never been any logical explanation why Ford didn’t pitch Game 1. He had pitched a couple innings of relief just 3 days earlier, but it had been a week since his last starting assignment. Another “mistake” that Stengel made was pinch hitting for slick fielding but light hitting Clete Boyer early in game 1. This kind of move was typical Stengel and over the years marked his method of success. But the pinch hitter didn’t come through this time and Boyer could be seen slowly and disheartened retreating toward the dugout dragging his bat behind him. This rankled the Yankee brass who wanted to see players like Boyer developed. Young players like Kubek, Richardson, and Boyer made it known they didn’t feel comfortable with Stengel, and he was let go.

Casey's Amazin' Mets

Stengel was talked out of retirement after one season to manage the New York Mets, at the time an expansion team with no chance of winning many games. Mocking his well-publicized advanced age, when he was hired he said, "It's a great honor to be joining the Knickerbockers", a New York baseball team that had seen its last game around the time of the Civil War.

The Mets proved to be so incompetent that they gave Stengel plenty of fresh Stengelese material for the New York City newspaper writers. "Come see my "Amazin' Mets," Stengel said. "I've been in this game a hundred years, but I see new ways to lose I never knew existed before." On his three catchers: "I got one that can throw but can't catch, one that can catch but can't throw, and one who can hit but can't do either." Referring to the rookies Ed Kranepool and Greg Goossen in 1964, Stengel observed, "See that fellow over there? He's 20 years old. In 10 years he has a chance to be a star. Now, that fellow over there, he's 20, too. In 10 years he has a chance to be 30." Kranepool never became a star, but he did have an 18-year major league career.

However, one of his most famous comments was actually a misquote. After an exasperating loss, he complained, "Can't anybody play this here game?" This colloquial expression was altered and later became the title of Jimmy Breslin's book about the first-year Mets, Can't Anybody Here Play This Game?."

Though his "Amazin'" Mets finished last in a ten-team league all four years, Stengel was a popular figure nonetheless, not least due to his personal charisma. The Mets themselves proved to be as lovable, due in part to Stengel's charisma and the "lovable loser" charm that followed the team around in those days. Fans packed the old Polo Grounds (prior to Shea Stadium being built), many of them bringing along colorful placards and signs with all sorts of sayings on them. Warren Spahn, who had briefly played under Stengel for the 1942 Braves and for the Mets, commented: "I'm probably the only guy who worked for Stengel before and after he was a genius."

Stengel's retirement, announced on August 30, 1965, followed a fall at Shea Stadiummarker, in which he broke his hip.

Awards

His uniform number 37 has been retired by both the Yankees and the Mets. It is the only number ever to have been issued only once by the Mets. The Yankees retired the number on August 8, 1970, and dedicated a plaque in Yankee Stadium's Monument Park in his memory on July 30, 1976. The plaque reads "Brightened baseball for over 50 years; with spirit of eternal youth; Yankee manager 1949 - 1960 winning 10 pennants and 7 world championships including a record 5 consecutive, 1949 - 1953." In addition to his election to the Baseball Hall of Famemarker in 1966, he was inducted into the New York Mets Hall of Fame in 1981.

Stengel is the only person to have worn the uniform (as player or manager) of all four Major League Baseball teams in New York City in the 20th century: The New York Giants (as a player), the Brooklyn Dodgers (as both a player and a manager), the New York Yankees (as a manager), and the New York Mets (also as a manager). Of this factoid, Stengel would often say, "You can look it up."

In 2009, in an awards segment on the MLB Network titled "The Prime 9," Stengel was named "The Greatest Character of The Game." He received this award for not only his playful personality on the field, but also his off-field contributions to the community.

Monument plaque for Casey Stengel


Death

Casey was admitted to Glendale Memorial Hospital in Glendale, Californiamarker on September 14, 1975 after feeling ill. It was there that he learned he had cancer of the lymph glands. He died there of cancer 15 days later on September 29, 1975. Stengel was interred in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemeterymarker, Glendale, Californiamarker. His wife, Edna, whom he had married in 1924, died three years later and was interred adjacent to him. A plaque at the cemetery reads in part "For over sixty years one of America’s folk heroes who contributed immensely to the lore and language of our country’s national pastime, baseball".

Grave site of Casey Stengel


The Casey Stengel Plaza outside Shea Stadiummarker's Gate E was named after him, as is the New York City Transit's Casey Stengel Depot across the street from Citi Field.

Notes

Other references

  • Baseball: The Biographical Encyclopedia, by David Pietrusza, Matthew Silverman and Michael Gershman, ed. (2000). Total/Sports Illustrated.
  • Casey at the Bat: The Story of My Life in Baseball, by Casey Stengel and Harry T. Paxton, Random House, 1962.


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