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Cassel ( ) is a commune in the Nordmarker department in northern Francemarker. Its settlement dates from Roman times and it has been the site of several battles.

Geography

Cassel stands on Mont Cassel, a prominent hill in the Flanders plain.

History

The Mont de Cassel seems to be a Roman foundation, built to serve as the urban centre of the Menapii. Its Latin name was Castellum Menapiorum. The name, "Cassel", has developed from castellum following Germanic phonetic rules. Many Roman roads converged on Cassel and several are readily seen today from the summit.

Three major battles have been fought at Cassel: in 1328 involving the army of Philip VI of France and in 1677, that of Philippe I of Orléans.

Maréchal Foch statue
During World War I, Cassel was a headquarters of the British Army from which the northern end of the Western Front was directed. It was visited by leaders from King George V, down.

In World War 2, the 2nd Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment and the 4th Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry held Cassel for three days as part of the defensive screen around Dunkirkmarker during the evacuation (27 May 1940-30 May 1940).

See also



References




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