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Saint Catherine of Sweden, Catherine Vastanensis or Catherine of Vadstena (c. 1332 – 24 March 1381) has been called the patron saint of protection against abortion and miscarriage. Her father was Ulf Gudmarsson, Lord of Ulvåsa, and her mother was the better known Saint Birgitta (in their lifetime known as Birgitta Birgersdotter of Finsta).

At the age of about thirteen she married Lord Eggert van Kyren, a young half-Swedish, half-Westphalian nobleman, with whom she took a vow of chastity. Catherine accompanied her mother to Romemarker in 1349, and soon upon arrival heard news of her husband's death. Catherine is said to have written a devotional work entitled Consolation of the Soul (in medieval Swedish Siælinna tröst, or Själens tröst in modern Swedish), a dated copy from 1407 is still in existence.

Before her death, Catherine became head of the Brigittine convent at Vadstena Abbeymarker, which was founded by her mother. In 1484, Pope Innocent VIII gave permission for Catherine's veneration as a saint and her feast was assigned to 22 March in the Roman martyrology. St Catherine is generally represented with a hind at her side, which is said to have come to her aid when unchaste youths tried to rape her.

In 1488, Pope Innocent VIII gave permission for the translation of her relics in Vadstenamarker. The beatification and canonization process (which also documented the required miracles) was never completed because of the Protestant reformation.

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