Caversham ( ) is one of the
older suburbs of the South
Zealand city of Dunedin.
is sited at the western edge of the city's central plain at the
mouth of the steep Caversham Valley, which rises to the saddle
of Lookout Point. Major road and
rail routes south lie nearby; the South Island Main Trunk
through the suburb, and a bypass
skirts its main retail area, connecting Dunedin's one-way street
system with the Dunedin
. The suburb is linked by several bus routes
to its neighbouring suburbs and central Dunedin.
was founded by wealthy pioneer William Henry Valpy, and its name
reflects his family connections with Reading, England, now in Berkshire.
Caversham grew rapidly during the Central Otago Gold Rush
of the 1860s
because of its location on routes south to the Otago
hinterland. By the end of the 19th century,
Caversham was heavily industrialised, and its population included
many skilled or semi-skilled tradespeople. This, combined with the
community's strong Protestant
to the area's generally left-leaning political stance. Caversham's early
history has been the subject of the Caversham Project, a major
historical and archaeological study by the University of
Otago. Caversham was a separate borough until 1904,
when it was amalgamated with Dunedin city.
It is currently administered as part of the
city's South Dunedin ward. At a national level, it is part of the
is now predominantly residential, with some industrial premises in
the east (notably the Hillside Railway Workshops) and a retail district centred on South Road and
Residents are generally of low socio-economic
status. Caversham's notable buildings include the heritage listed
House and several prominent church buildings. Another landmark is
the suburb's war memorial, which is the main gate of Caversham
School, one of the suburb's two primary schools. Caversham also
contains a special needs school
nearest secondary schools are located in Saint
Clair, to the south.
has strong sporting connections, and is the location of Carisbrook, one of the city's main sports venues.
suburb is home to the Southern Rugby Football Club, and gives its
name to Caversham Football Club
Several notable sportspeople have associations with Caversham,
among them Test cricketer Clarrie Grimmett
and father and son
administrators "Old Vic"
and "Young Vic" Cavanagh
. Other notable
people with Caversham connections include politician Thomas Kay Sidey
, architect Edmund Anscombe
, and surveyor John Turnbull Thomson
lies at the mouth and in the lower reaches of a valley in the west
of Dunedin's main urban
area, southwest of the city centre, and north of the Pacific coast at Saint Clair.
To the south lies Calton Hill, a spur of
Forbury Hill, on which the suburbs of Calton Hill
The suburbs of Balaclava
lie to the north,
close to the western end of the ridge that runs along the northern
edge of central Dunedin. These hills were all once part of the rim of
the Dunedin volcano, the long-extinct crater of which now forms
Other suburbs nearby include Forbury
, South Dunedin
, and Lookout
Caversham Valley has long been the major route out of the central
city to the south. The suburb is located close to the start of the
Dunedin Southern Motorway
(part of State Highway
), the main road access to central Dunedin from the south, and
close to the South Island Main
railway provides the suburb's most important industry, through the
Railway Workshops, which are located in the southeast of the suburb
and in the adjoining suburb of South
Despite this, there are no longer any public
railway stations or halts
Caversham, the last station having closed in 1962.
The hill slopes to the north of Caversham are less densely
populated, and still retain some tree cover. This, along with the
steepness of the land, forms a natural barrier between Caversham
and the suburb of Maryhill. Only a few winding roads traverse this
barrier, most notably Glen Road, at the eastern end of Caversham.
At this end, the suburb draws close to the foot of the hills, and a
natural valley, known locally as "The Glen", provides easier road
access to the hill ridge.
To the northeast of the Glen, a hill spur including a cliff
separates Caversham from the central part of the city. Though the
name is rarely used, this spur is called Montecillo Ridge, named
for the mansion of early settler W.H. Reynolds. It is occasionally
referred to as "Hillside", after the house of the city's founding
father Captain William Cargill
was located here. This ridge overlooks "The Flat", as the plain
stretching across to the Pacific coast was (and is still) locally
known. South Road winds around the spur, connecting with the
southern end of Princes
. One of the city's older and more historic
cemeteries, Dunedin Southern Cemetery, lies on the inner city side of this
From Lookout Point, Caversham Valley
Road descends rapidly.
This image shows the view east across South Dunedin to Otago
Harbour, with Otago Peninsula in the background.
At the top of Caversham Valley are a ridge
of Lookout Point.
Point commands views to the southwest past the outer suburbs of
Burnside and Green Island to Saddle Hill, as well as providing a view to the east across the
southern part of the central city to Otago Harbour and the Otago
name for Lookout Point
is Ko Raka-a-runga-te-raki
. It was the burial site of
chief Rangi-Ihia, a late 18th century Kati
chief who was largely responsible for joining the
and Kati Mamoe iwi
. He was buried here so that "his spirit might see
thence his old haunts to the southward."
The most prominent building in Lookout Point is the local fire
station, which also serves both Caversham and Green Island. This
1956 structure is located immediately to the north of the saddle
and is a prominent landmark upon entering or leaving Dunedin.
Dunedin Southern Motorway
officially begins at the Lookout Point saddle, between Calton Hill
and Maryhill, and sweeps down over broken hill country past Green
Island to Mosgiel and the Taieri Plains.
Lookout Point is also the home of the former Caversham Industrial
School, located to the northeast of the fire station on Mornington
Road. Established in 1869, the school was later a boys' home, and
is now an adult training centre
Lookout Point's main streets include South Road, Caversham Valley
Road, Riselaw Road, and Mornington Road.
A forest reserve is located on the upper slopes of Caversham Valley
below Lookout Point. Purchased by the Dunedin City
Council in 1994 with the assistance of the Royal Forest and Bird
Protection Society, it is home to various native bird and
invertebrate species, including one
species of Peripatus (velvet worm)
believed to be endemic to the Dunedin area.
was named for Caversham, Berkshire, a suburb of Reading, by William Henry
Valpy, a wealthy early settler who farmed the areas around the
lower slopes of Forbury Hill; his initial farm, "The Forbury", was
located in what is now Saint Clair, close to a street which now bears his name.
of Valpy's family was born in the English Caversham.
Caversham Presbyterian Church
In the early days of Dunedin, it was impossible for a dray
to reach the Caversham Valley in wet weather
unless it went by a circuitous route around the hills. Valpy solved
this problem by hiring men at his own expense to build a crude road
from the southern end of Princes
to his farm at Forbury. This formed the basis for later
roads into the suburb. The road curved around the edge of the hills
at the Glen to avoid a large swamp, the site of which is now
occupied by Carisbrook sports ground.
St. Peter's Anglican Church, Hillside
Settlement in the area was slow, though Caversham Valley was a
preferred route south out of the city. The Central Otago Gold Rush
of 1861 led
to rapid changes when thousands of people began using the road on
their way to and from the gold fields. The suburb began to expand
rapidly at about this time, and the first public house
, the Edinburgh Castle Hotel, was
erected in 1861. By the end of the decade, Caversham had its own
school, post office, drill hall
Southern District Rifles), and Anglican
churches. A third church,
for the Baptist
denomination, followed in
Several charitable organisations have had properties in Caversham,
including the Otago Benevolent Institution home for invalids, and
an IHC New Zealand
centre at Kew
Park. The Royal New Zealand
Foundation of the Blind
still has its Otago premises in
industries in the area included C & W Sheil's brickworks, which
had quarries in Forbury, Saint
Clair and Caversham, and Caversham Gasworks, which
operated from 1882 until 1909.
Caversham rail tunnel was designed for
twin tracks but is now only used by one.
The last buildings of the
gasworks were a local landmark, and were not removed until the
construction of the Caversham bypass
in the 1970s and 1980s. Other noted industries in early Caversham
included breweries, a tannery, and a match factory.
Construction of the South Island Main Trunk railway
south of Dunedin that began in 1871 led to the construction of a
tunnel beneath Lookout Point, connecting Caversham with Green
A second parallel tunnel – the first
double-track tunnel in the country – was built starting in 1907,
and all rail traffic moved to the new tunnel in 1910. Caversham was
served by its own railway station until its closure in 1962. There
has been a long-running campaign to have the older tunnel converted
into a cycleway, though this scheme has never gained wholehearted
By the 1870s the population of Caversham was growing rapidly, and
in 1877, with the population at around 4,000, it was declared a
borough. It held this status until amalgamation with Dunedin city
in 1904. The borough's area included much of modern
Forbury and Saint Clair, as well as what is usually regarded as Caversham
history of the suburb and surrounding parts of southern Dunedin has
been the subject of a major ongoing archaeological and historical
research project into early Dunedin by the University of
Otago, known simply as The Caversham Project.
the course of the last 30 years, a database has been compiled
of life in early South Dunedin, focussing on the borough of
Caversham. This database is unique in its size for a historical
study within New Zealand or Australia, containing some 9.4 gigabytes
of data, and has allowed for the
examination and publication of details relating to the
socioeconomic and demographic mix of early Dunedin.
The multidisciplinary nature of the study has resulted in
information being gathered on subjects ranging from urban planning
to gender studies. By using both quantitative and qualitative
analyses, and by including considerable amounts of oral history, it
has allowed for a vivid recreation of the society of early urban
New Zealand. Several books have resulted from the project, among
them Sites of Gender: Women, Men and Modernity, 1890–1939
edited by B. Brookes, A. Cooper, and R. Law (Auckland University
Press, 2003) and Class and Occupation: The New Zealand
by E. Olssen and M. Hickey (University of Otago Press,
In its formative days, the Caversham Road Board administered
Caversham. This organisation served as a council for Caversham
until May 1877, when it became a borough
borough of Caversham, which existed until November 1904, took in a
far larger area than the current suburb, including much of Saint
Clair, South Dunedin, Kew, and Kensington, and stretched to the
Pacific coast in the south and Otago Harbour in the east.
The names of several of the
borough's mayors are commemorated in streets within the former
borough, among them Robert Rutherford, William Bridgman, and
Thomas Kay Sidey
The Dunedin City Council currently administers Caversham; the
suburb is located in the city's South Dunedin ward, one of the
city's six wards. This ward covers a considerable part of
Dunedin's main urban area, as well as the entirety of the Otago
elects four councillors to Dunedin's 14-member city council.
At a national level, Caversham was a separate electorate
1866 to 1908. MPs
electorate included Thomas Kay Sidey and future Premier Robert Stout
. Since 1908 Caversham has been in
various electorates, and is currently part of the Dunedin South
electorate. , its MP
Unlike most of Dunedin, which was settled by Scots, many early
settlers in Caversham were English. This led to some degree of
antagonism by the councils of the city and Caversham borough in the
early days of settlement; Dunedin had been settled by the Presbyterian
church, whereas Caversham's
population was largely Anglican
, and Baptist
There is little evidence of this distinction in modern Caversham,
other than the origins of local street names, several of which
reflect the names of English counties and early English
Caversham began largely as a lower-middle to working-class suburb.
Many of the early residents were skilled or semi-skilled
tradespeople. In its early days, Caversham was known as "The
carpenters' borough", as a high proportion of the skilled workers
within the borough were employed in the building trade. The
socioeconomic mix of the borough, combined with the Protestant
religious make-up of Caversham, led to strong traditions of
and social humanitarian
politics in the borough.
The left-leaning politics of the area is still reflected to some
extent in local political views. The Dunedin South
electorate, of which Caversham
is a part, tends to return New
Zealand Labour Party
Members of Parliament and support this and
other left-of-centre parties. In the 2008 New Zealand general
, 54.8% of valid party votes cast in Caversham's two
polling stations were for the Labour Party and 10.4% were for the
three other main left-of-centre parties (Green
vote for these parties over the whole Dunedin South electorate was
46.7% and 9.4% respectively. The equivalent figures for New Zealand
as a whole were 34.0% and 7.7% respectively.
Many residents of Caversham are still of relatively low
socio-economic status when compared to those in surrounding hill
suburbs. A 2007 Dunedin City Council report indicated that a high proportion (39%) of
the suburb's houses were one- or two-bedroom
Caversham's 2006 population was 5,058. The suburb has a slightly
higher proportion of elderly residents than the Otago
average, with 15.8% of residents aged 65 and
over. It also has a considerably higher proportion of residents of
Māori and Pacific island descent than the Otago average (10.3% and
4.4% respectively). Caversham also has nearly twice the average
Otago proportion of one-parent families (26.5%). Ownership of and
access to home telecommunications (such as the internet) and to
private motor vehicles is considerably lower than the Otago
Caversham has no secondary schools, although it does contain two
primary schools and a special needs school. Caversham Primary
School, at the corner of South Road and Surrey Street, has been at
its present site since 1921. The school dates back to the early
1860s, and has a current enrollment of around 80 pupils. The
school's two-storey 1920s brick buildings were pulled down and
replaced in 1961, because of their structural unsoundness. The
school's main gate – the only surviving remnant of the earlier
structure – is the suburb's war memorial.
College Street School, south of South Road's retail area, was built
on an earlier site of Caversham Primary School. It was officially
part of Caversham Primary School until 1959, when it was declared a
separate institution, and now has about 250 pupils. A third school,
the Sara Cohen School
Rutherford Street, was established in 1926. This school caters for
special needs pupils
school age through adulthood. The school was named for the late
wife of Mark Cohen, city councillor, campaigner for women's rights,
and editor of the Evening
newspaper from 1893 to 1920. In 1889, Mark Cohen was
a major figure behind the founding of New Zealand's first
kindergartens and child-care centres in
both Rutherford Street (by Kew Park) and South Road (to the east of
the main retail area), and there are numerous pre-school facilities
and further primary schools in the suburbs of Forbury and Saint Clair, immediately to the south of Caversham.
nearest secondary schools are the single-sex schools of Queen's High
School and King's High School, located alongside each other close to the boundary
between Saint Clair and South Dunedin,
to the south.
Hillside Road, looking east from
In its early years, Caversham was heavily industrialised, but also
contained a large number of residential properties. The population
included a large number of skilled tradespeople and craftspeople,
and both large and small industries abounded. Local industries at
the beginning of the twentieth century included a brickworks, a
gasworks, breweries, a smithy, milliners, several bakeries, a
tannery, a bootmakers, and Rutherford's Wax Vesta match factory at
Forbury Corner. In 1900, the South Road-David Street-Forbury Corner
area was home to over 50 businesses.
Today, the suburb is mainly residential, though it has areas of
retail and light industrial businesses. The main retail area is on
South Road between the start of the rise up Caversham Valley and
David Street, extending into David Street and the western end of
Hillside Road (Forbury Corner, sometimes referred to as Kew
Corner). A few shops are also located on South Road
to the east, near Carisbrook.
Hillside Road becomes increasingly light
industrial as it approaches South Dunedin, with automotive engineers
, car sales
, a rope factory, and a
. One of Dunedin’s
largest industrial sites, the Hillside Railway Workshops, dominates the eastern end of Hillside Road, close
to which lie other, smaller, industrial sites.
is the shopping precinct of South Dunedin.
Caversham has four public houses
considerably fewer than in its formative years. These are the
Carisbrook Hotel, close to the sports ground for which it is named,
Mitchell's Tavern in the South Road retail area, the Waterloo Hotel
at Forbury Corner, and the Fitzroy Hotel on Hillside Road near
Carisbrook, the city's main rugby
union venue and a former Test
cricket ground, is at the eastern end of the suburb between The
Glen and the Hillside Railway Workshops. As of 2009, the
future of Carisbrook is in doubt, with the construction of a new
stadium in North Dunedin (the Forsyth
Barr Stadium at University Plaza).
This stadium, which is due to open in
2011, will be the new home of the Otago Rugby Union
and Highlanders Super
franchise. The new stadium, also known as the Awatea Street
Stadium, has met with some opposition within Dunedin, with
objections focusing largely on the expected cost of a stadium that
may find limited use.
Other than Carisbrook, the suburb's main sports ground is Bathgate
Park, which lies at the border of Caversham and South Dunedin in
the southeast. There are several open areas of recreation ground
and parkland, notably Kew Park at Forbury Corner and Sidey Park and
adjacent parkland along the northern flank of the by-pass, and
there are tennis courts close to Kew Park on Thorn Street, and a
croquet club between South Road and the Caversham by-pass. Kew Park
is also home to one of the area's most prominent petanque
Other sporting links with the suburb include Caversham Football Club
, one of Dunedin's
most successful soccer teams. Caversham has reached the semi-finals
of the national knockout
(the Chatham Cup
three occasions, and was a member of the former New Zealand National Soccer
for several seasons in the 1970s with a highest final
position of fourth in 1975. They also played in the competition's
final season (2003). Despite its name, Caversham play at Tonga
Park, located in the adjacent suburb of Forbury
, a ground they share with the
Carisbrook-Dunedin Cricket Club. Caversham is also home to one of
Dunedin's main athletics clubs.
The Southern Rugby Football Club, a rugby union club, is located at
Bathgate Park to the southeast of Caversham. Southern is
consistently among Dunedin's stronger club sides, and has been
club champion on
over 20 occasions. It was formed from a merger of the Caversham and
Pacific clubs in 1899. Southern's players have included over 20
, including Stephen Bachop
, Jamie Joseph
, Laurie Mains
, and Gary
Railway Workshops dominate the southeast of Caversham and the
neighbouring suburb of South Dunedin.
Established at this
site in 1875, the workshops are the main railway construction and
repair shop in the South Island. The workshops cover , of which are
covered floor space.
north of the workshops is Carisbrook, arguably Dunedin's main sports venue.
Opened in 1883, the ground has a capacity of 35,000 people, and has
been floodlit since the 1990s. Carisbrook is used primarily for
rugby union, but has also been used for other sports, notably as a
Test cricket venue. The ground is named for the former home of
early colonial settler James
Macandrew, which in turn was named for Carisbrooke
Castle on the Isle of Wight in southern England.
Lisburn House is one of the finest surviving 1860s townhouses in
New Zealand. Now run as a bed and breakfast
establishment, this house was built in 1865 for the Fulton family,
a pioneer farming family at their "Ravenscliffe" property on the
Plains. The house was named for the family's origins
in Lisburn, Northern
Ireland, and is Category I heritage listed.
the 12-room house, notable for its steeply angled slate roof and
polychromatic brickwork. Two other Category II heritage buildings
are on Fitzroy Street: Faringdon Villa, and an untitled
Other buildings of note in Caversham include the suburb's churches.
The Presbyterian church is located on Thorn Street, roughly halfway
between the South Road retail area and Forbury Corner. It was built
in 1883 following the destruction of the previous building by fire.
current building, built in Port Chalmers bluestone with Oamaru stone facings, was designed by T.
The ropewalk of Donaghy's Industries
is one of Caversham's more unusual structures – it is over 100
times as long as it is wide.
Caversham's Anglican church, St. Peter's, is located on Hillside
Road. Designed by H. F. Hardy, the foundation stone was laid in
1882. The original design called for the church to have a spire,
but because of problems with the tower's foundations (which left
the tower leaning from the perpendicular) this was never
Caversham Baptist church is located at the corner of South Road and
Surrey Street, close to Caversham School. Unusual among Dunedin
buildings, this church has a formal Classical style, with its
brickwork augmented by pediments
columns. The foundation stone for the building was laid in 1906.
The former Baptist Church, in Playfair Street, is now used as a
A further church, located in South Dunedin close to the
southeastern edge of Caversham, is the South Dunedin Wesley
Methodist Church in Hillside Road. This building, constructed in
1893, is (as of 2009) under threat of demolition.
Part of the factory of Donaghy's Industries, adjacent to the
eastern edge of Bathgate Park, is notable because of its unusual
shape. This structure, which is less than wide yet some in length,
serves as a ropewalk
for Donaghy's, who
have been manufacturing rope and twine at this site since
Test cricketer Clarrie Grimmett was
born in Caversham on Christmas Day, 1891.
Noted residents in the Caversham area have included members of the
Sidey family, several of whom were local or national politicians.
Among these was Thomas Sidey
1928–31. Sidey Park, close to the northern edge of the
Caversham bypass, and Sidey Street in Corstorphine
are both named in his
Captain William Cargill
, founder of
the Otago settlement, lived just to the northeast of Caversham
above The Glen; his house "Hillside" gave its name to Hillside
Road, which was at one time called Cargill Road. The area around
the site of Cargill's long-demolished house between The Glen and
is still referred
to as Hillside. Cargill's Corner, the major road junction at the
South Dunedin end of Hillside Road, is also named in his
Architect Edmund Anscombe
Caversham resident. Anscombe was responsible for numerous important
buildings in early 20th century New Zealand, many of which
survive to the present day. Among them are the Sarjeant Art Gallery in
Wanganui and the Former Post and Telegraph
Building in Wellington. Noted local buildings with work by Anscombe
include extensions to the University of Otago
Clocktower complex in Dunedin
North, the main building of Otago Girls' High School in central Dunedin, and the Allied Press building in Lower Stuart Street,
Another notable local resident was surveyor and architect John Turnbull Thomson
. Thomson was
Chief Surveyor of the Otago Province from 1856 to 1873, and
Surveyor-General of New Zealand from 1876 to 1879. During his time
as provincial Chief Surveyor, Thomson explored and mapped large
sections of the interior of the southern South Island. Many of the place
names in this region reflect Thomson's Northumbrian origins, with prosaic names in the form of a
Northumbrian dialectic name for an animal.
As a result, the
area is still occasionally referred to as "Thomson's Barnyard
" or "The Farmyard
Among sportspeople with Caversham connections, Australian Test
cricketer and 1931 Wisden
Cricketer of the year Clarrie
is perhaps the best known. Grimmett, the first player
to take 200 Test
wickets, was born in
the suburb on Christmas Day, 1891. Noted rugby union administrators
"Old Vic" Cavanagh
"Young Vic" Cavanagh
also born in Caversham. Between them, the father and son were
responsible for changes to the way the game of rugby union was
played through their innovative coaching methods and tactics.
The suburb's main road is South Road, which at its eastern (Glen)
end winds around the flanks of hills before joining with Princes Street
central business district
A slip road
connects South Road with
State Highway 1
foot of these hills, just above Carisbrook.
Hillside Road, which runs parallel with South Road several hundred
metres to the south, is an arterial route connecting South Dunedin
(at its eastern end) with
Dunedin's southwestern suburbs. At its western end is Forbury Corner, a road
junction linking Hillside Road with suburban arterial routes to the
suburbs of Saint Clair (Forbury Road) and Corstorphine (Easther Crescent),
as well as David Street, the major road link between Hillside Road
and South Road.
Numerous other small residential streets run
parallel with David Street between Hillside Road and South Road.
The suburb's other main roads include Caversham Valley Road,
Playfair Street, Surrey Street, and Glen Road. The latter of these
lies at the Glen at the eastern end of Caversham, providing a link
between South Road and the hill suburbs of Maryhill
, and Mornington
A Caversham bypass
was constructed in
the late 1970s and early 1980s, and was officially opened in 1987.
It now carries State Highway 1 away from the retail heart of the
suburb, connecting at its northern end with the city's one-way
street system. With the construction of the bypass, Caversham
Valley Road was truncated close to its junction with South Road,
and the upper stretch of the road continued as part of State
Highway 1, connecting the bypass with Dunedin Southern Motorway
Until the construction of the bypass, South Road and Caversham
Valley Road formed the main route out of Dunedin to the south.
State Highway 1 followed South Road through the main retail area,
then followed Caversham Valley Road to Lookout Point. Above its
retail area, South Road winds around the flank of Calton Hill;
Caversham Valley Road forms a straighter, steep route that
originally continued from the end of South Road's retail area. For
this reason, the part of South Road running through the retail area
is also sometimes referred to as part of Caversham Valley Road. The
Dunedin City Council, for many years, has planned improvements to
Caversham Valley Road to ease congestion and increase safety on
this busy stretch of road, but these plans lack the necessary
funding. A junction at the north end of Caversham's main retail
area connects South Road with the bypass.
Trams served Caversham between 1880 and 1954, operating in Hillside
Road, South Road, and David Street. Several bus routes now serve
Caversham, connecting it with the heart of the city. Citibus
and Dunedin Passenger
run routes from the city centre to Saint Clair and
Corstorphine via Hillside Road, and to Lookout Point via South
Road. Dunedin passenger transport also runs
services between The Octagon and both Mosgiel and Brighton via South Road.
Cargill's Corner, at the
end of Hillside Road, is
a major suburban bus hub.
References and notes
- " Caversham Map and Directions". Yellow Maps New
Zealand. Retrieved on 2009-04-06. Note: This map incorrectly refers
to Calton Hill as "Carlton Hill".
- Bishop, p. 13
- Rutherford, p. 6
- Rutherford, p. 37
- Olssen, p. 21
- Herd, p. 40
- Herd, pp. 112–113
- Sorrell, p. 302
- Canon J. W. Stack (1898), quoted in Goodall, p. 18
- Rutherford, p. 30
- New Zealand Automobile Association. Greater Dunedin and
Invercargill Street Directory, 1998 edition. Map 16.
- Caversham Valley Forest Reserve Consultative Committee.
(1996–07). Caversham Valley Forest Reserve Management
Plan. Dunedin City Council. Retrieved on
- Gleeeson, Diane M. (1996). " Onychophora of New Zealand; past, present
and future". New Zealand Entomologist
19: 51–55. Retrieved on 2009-05-16.
- Reed, p.72. Some sources (e.g., Erik Olssen op.cit. p.
19) say that Valpy's wife was born in Caversham, Berkshire; Reed
says that it was his mother who was born there.
- Rutherford, p. 5.
- Rutherford, pp. 11–13
- Royal New Zealand Foundation of the Blind. " How To Find Us". Retrieved on 2009-03-23.
- Sorrell, p. 284
- Olssen, p. 20
- Fox, Rebecca (2008-08-11). " Caversham Tunnel Promoted for Access".
Otago Daily Times. Retrieved on 2009-03-20.
- Hyland, Gerard, and Bruce, Jane, (2008–07). " Old
Caversham Rail Tunnel: A Brief History", Old Caversham Rail
Tunnel Preservation Group. Retrieved on 2009-03-23.
- Stevens, Sam (2008-11-21). " Push to Get Caversham Tunnel Momentum".
Otago Daily Times. Retrieved on 2009-05-01.
- Rutherford, p. 29
- The Caversham Project. (2003-07-25). " The Birth of Modern Times: 1890–1940", Retrieved on
- Hood, David (2003-07-25). " Using AppleScript for Research and Teaching".
The Caversham Project. Retrieved on 2009-04-17.
- LeDayn, D. (2005-09-12). " What's next? Project lifecycle for digital
collection." 2005 Library and Information Association of New
Zealand Aotearoa national conference. Retrieved on 2009-04-17.
- Auckland University Press. " Sites of Gender", Retrieved on 2009-04-17.
- Olssen, pp. 22–23
- Dunedin City Council. (2008-05-20). " South Dunedin Electoral Ward Information".
Retrieved on 2009-03-24.
- New Zealand Parliament. (2009-04-22). " Clare Curran". Retrieved on 2009-04-22.
- Olssen, pp. 21–23
- Brosnahan, p. 7.
- Brosnahan, p. 25
- Olssen, pp. 155–187 and passim
- In the 22 general elections between 1946 and 2008, the
electorate and its predecessor, the St. Kilda electorate, have
returned Labour candidates on all but two occasions.
- Chief Electoral Office. (2008-11-22). " Dunedin South – Party Vote Details". Retrieved
- Chief Electoral Office. (2008-11-22). " Summary of Overall Results". Retrieved on
- Christofferson, Andy (2007). " Housing Choice In Dunedin". City Planning,
District Plan Monitoring Series, Research Report 2007/1,
Dunedin City Council. Retrieved on
- Caversham Primary School. " School Information". Retrieved on 2009-03-30.
- Hayward (1998), p. 63
- College Street School. " College Street School Website". Retrieved on
- Sara Cohen School. " About Sara Cohen School". Retrieved on
- Hayward (1999), p. 68
- Forbury Road's properties include the Helen Deem Kindergarten,
which also serves as the headquarters of the Dunedin Kindergarten
Association. At least four other kindergartens are located in the
St. Clair/Forbury area, in Forbury Road, Macandrew Road, Albert
Street, and Surrey Street.
- Queen's High School. (2006). " Queen's High
School". Retrieved on 2009-04-28.
- King's High School. " A King's Welcome". Retrieved on
- Olssen, pp. 20–26
- Rutherford, pp. 6–10
- Otago Rugby Union. " Carisbrook – Club/Community". Retrieved
- Hepburn, Steve (2008-03-11). " Park Project Takes Top Honour at Ceremony".
Otago Daily Times. Retrieved on 2009-04-17.
- Petanque New Zealand (Summer 2007). " Caversham Petanque 10th Anniversary".
Petanque New Zealand Magazine, Issue 6. Retrieved on
- Zlotkowski, Andre, (2003-02-12). " New
Zealand – Final Tables National Soccer League".
Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 2009-05-04.
- Parsons, Wayne (2009-02-09). " Athletics: Middle Distance Resurgence for
Caversham". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved on
- Chester, pp. 314–315
- McMurran, Alistair (2009-03-26). " Cricket: Six clubs to mark 125th
anniversaries". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved on
- Chester, pp. 24, 68, 100–101, 127, and 164
- Herd, p. 62
(2005–05). " Carisbrook, Dunedin". Retrieved on
- Galer, pp. 84–85
- Herd, p. 72
- Hardwicke, p. 100
- Herd, p. 42
- Somerville, Mary. (2009). " Coastal Unity
Parish". Retrieved on 2009-03-27.
- Croot, pp. 178–79
- Saint Peter's Caversham. " Saint Peter's Church in Caversham". Retrieved on
- Caversham Baptist Church. " Welcome to Caversham Baptist Church's Web
Site". Retrieved on 2009-03-28.
- Croot, p. 182
- Loughrey, David (2009-03-19). " Opposition to church demolition 'sideshow'".
Otago Daily Times. Retrieved on 2009-03-24.
- Herd, p. 30
- Dann, p. 27
- Caversham Project (2003-07-25). " Thomas Sidey (1863–1933) and Helena Sidey
(c1865–1966): Caversham's Leading Citizens, the Man Responsible for
Daylight Saving". Retrieved on 2009-04-07.
- Bowron, Greg (2007-06-22). " Edmund Anscombe". Dictionary of New Zealand
Biography. Retrieved on 2009-04-07.
- Rutherford, pp. 20–21
- Reed, p. 123
- Caversham Project (2003-07-25). " 'Old Vic' Cavanagh (1874–1952) and 'Young Vic'
Cavanagh (1909–1980): Caversham's 'Professors of Rugby'".
Retrieved on 2009-04-07.
- New Zealand Automobile Association. Greater Dunedin and
Invercargill Street Directory, 1998 edition. Map 17.
- McLintock, A.H., (ed.) (1960) A Descriptive Atlas of New
Zealand. Wellington: R. E. Owen. Map 43.
- Loughrey, David (2009-03-20). " Caversham Highway Misses Funding". Otago
Daily Times. Retrieved on 2009-03-20.
- Otago Regional Council (2009-02-01). " GOBus Bus Timetable: Dunedin". Retrieved on
- Bishop, D. G., and Turnbull, I. M. (compilers) (1996).
Geology of the Dunedin Area. Lower Hutt, NZ: Institute of
Geological & Nuclear Sciences. ISBN 0-478-09521-X.
- Brosnahan, Seán G., and Read, Peter J. (2002). The Birth of
Modern Times: Dunedin's Southern Suburbs, 1890–1940. Dunedin:
Otago Settlers' Museum. ISBN 0-908910-28-2.
- Chester, Rod; Palenski, Ron; and McMillan, Neville, (1998).
The Encyclopedia of New Zealand Rugby. Auckland: Hodder
Moa Beckett. ISBN 1-86958-630-1.
- Croot, Charles (1999). Dunedin Churches Past and
Present. Dunedin: Otago Settlers Association. ISBN
- Dann, Christine, and Peat, Neville,
(1989). Dunedin, North and South Otago. Wellington: GP
Books. ISBN 0-477-01438-0.
- Galer, Lois (1981). Houses and Homes. Dunedin: Allied
- Goodall, Maarire, and Griffiths, George J., (1980). Maori
Dunedin. Dunedin: Otago Heritage Books. ISBN
- Knight, Hardwicke, and Wales,
Niel, (1988). Buildings of Dunedin. Dunedin: John McIndoe.
- Hayward, Paul (1999). Even More Intriguing Dunedin Street
Walks. Dunedin: Express Office Services.
- Hayward, Paul (1998). Intriguing Dunedin Street Walks.
Dunedin: Express Office Services.
- Herd, Joyce, and Griffiths, George J., (1980). Discovering
Dunedin. Dunedin: John McIndoe. ISBN 0-86868-030-3.
- Olssen, Erik (1995). Building the New World: Work, Politics
and Society in Caversham, 1880s-1920s. Auckland: Auckland
University Press. ISBN 1-869-40106-9.
- Reed, Alexander Wyclif (1975). Place Names of New
Zealand. Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed. ISBN
- Rutherford, Alma (1978). The Edge of the Town.
Dunedin: New Zealand Historic Places Trust (Otago Regional
Committee). ISBN 0-908-56560-7.
- Sorrell, Paul (ed.) (1999). "Caversham" and "Lookout Point" in
The Cyclopedia of Otago and Southland, volume 1. Dunedin:
Dunedin City Council. ISBN 0-9597722-9-4.