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A ceasefire (or truce) is a temporary stoppage of a war in which each side agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions. Ceasefires may be declared as part of a formal treaty, but they have also been called as part of an informal understanding between opposing forces.

Historical examples

World War I

On December 24, 1914, there was an unofficial ceasefire as France, the United Kingdommarker, and Germanymarker observed Christmas. No treaty was signed, and the war resumed after a few days.

Korean War

A ceasefire was reached on July 27, 1953, to halt the conflict and establish a demilitarized zone. However, no peace treaty has been signed to date, technically leaving Northmarker and South Koreamarker at war.

Kashmir conflict

Pakistanmarker's government has repeatedly claimed that Indiamarker is violating the Simla Agreement by constructing a fence along the Line of Controlmarker. However, India maintains that the fence has decreased armed infiltration into Jammu and Kashmirmarker.

Then-Pakistani President and ex-Army Chief of Staff Pervez Musharraf promised in 2002 to curb infiltration into disputed territory.

Israeli–Palestinian conflict

A more recent example of a ceasefire was announced between Israelmarker and the Palestinian National Authority on February 8, 2005. When announced, chief Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat publicly defined the ceasefire as follows: "We have agreed that today President Mahmoud Abbas will declare a full cessation of violence against Israelis anywhere and Prime Minister Ariel Sharon will declare a full cessation of violence and military activities against Palestinians anywhere."

Spanish goverment - ETA

ETA has declared several ceasfires during its long running campaign against the Spanish state. The latest ceasefire, which started in March 2006, was broken on December 30, 2006 when a car bomb exploded in Madrid killing two people.

See also



References




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