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Cedar Park is a city that lies primarily in Williamson County (and, to a lesser extent, Travismarker County) in the U.S. state of Texasmarker. From a population of 5,161 in 1990, Cedar Park has grown to approximately 62,308 as of the 2009 U.S. Census Estimate. The city is a major suburb of Austinmarker, the center of which is approximately 16 miles to the southeast, although Austin directly borders Cedar Park at the latter's southern extent.

History

Before the arrival of European settlers in the 1800s, the Cedar Park area was inhabited by various Native American tribes including the Tonkawa, the Lipan Apache, and the Comanche. A paleo-American archaeological site (named the Wilson-Leonard site) was discovered in Cedar Park in 1983 that showed evidence of continual habitation of the area since circa 5000 BC.

In the mid-1800s the community was known as Running Brushy, named after a spring that formed the headwaters of a creek of the same name. In 1873 George and Harriet Cluck, after having run cattle up the Chisholm Trail for many years, bought 329 acres of land that included the Running Brushy spring. Their ranch formed the core of the community that would one day become Cedar Park.

Ten years later, the railroad came through. The Austin & Northwest Railroad, which connected the state capitol with the cities of Burnetmarker and Lampasasmarker to the north, was finished in 1882 and passed through Running Brushy and the Cluck ranch. The community was at this point renamed Bruggerhoff, after a railroad company official. However, the name was generally disliked by locals, being both hard to spell and pronounce. In 1887, Emmett Cluck (son of George and Harriet) changed the community name to Cedar Park. In 1892, a half-acre "strolling park" was built near the train depot. Austinites would ride the train to Cedar Park for day trips to the park.

Cedar Park changed little until the 1950s and 1960s when housing subdivisions began to be built, spurred by the growth of nearby Austin. On February 24, 1973, the citizens of Cedar Park voted to incorporate.

Geography

Cedar Park is located at (30.506620, -97.830317) . It lies mostly in Williamson County, although a small amount extends into Travis County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.1 square miles (44.3 km²), of which, 17.0 square miles (44.0 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (0.88%) is water.

Cedar Park is generally bisected north to south by U.S. Route 183. A bypass route, the 183A toll road, opened to traffic on March 15, 2007.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 26,049 people, 8,621 households, and 7,155 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,535.0 people per square mile (592.7/km²). There were 8,914 housing units at an average density of 525.3/sq mi (202.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.41% White, 3.32% African American, 0.34% Native American, 2.61% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 5.10% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.50% of the population.

There were 8,621 households out of which 52.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.0% were non-families. 12.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.5% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 40.3% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 4.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $67,527, and the median income for a family was $70,587. Males had a median income of $49,657 versus $32,039 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,767. About 3.0% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Government

Cedar Park was incorporated in 1973 with a council-manager system of local government. As of May 2009, Cedar Park City Council members are as follows:

  • Mayor: Robert S. Lemon
  • Place 1/Mayor Pro Tem: Matt Powell
  • Place 2: Mitch Fuller
  • Place 3: Scott Mitchell
  • Place 4: Lowell Moore
  • Place 5: Stephen Thomas
  • Place 6: Cobby Caputo


The seven members serve two year terms. The mayor and council members place two, place four and place six are elected on even years. Council members place one, place three and place five are elected on odd years.

Sports

The Texas Stars began American Hockey League play in October 2009 at the Cedar Park Center.

Institutions and schools

Cedar Park is served by the Leander Independent School District, and is home to the Cedar Park High School Timberwolves and the Vista Ridge High School Rangers.

The city is home to the Cypress Creek campus of Austin Community College, which was significantly expanded in 2008 to accommodate the area's growing population.

The Texas Psychological Association is located in the city.

References



External links




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