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Cedynia ( ) is a town in Polandmarker, in West Pomeranian Voivodeshipmarker, in Gryfino Countymarker. It lies close to the Oder River, near the border with Germanymarker, and is the westernmost town in Poland. It has 1,639 inhabitants (2006).

The town is situated directly across the Oder River from the German town of Oderbergmarker. A Communist-era monument to first historically recorded battle of Poland was erected in the town after Second World War.

Cedynia gives its name to the protected area known as Cedynia Landscape Parkmarker.

History

The first Slavic settlement came into existence in the 8th century. In 12th/13th century seat of Polish castellany.

The Polish Cedynia website (external link below) states:Najstarsza zapisana w dokumentach nazwa grodu pojawia się już pod rokiem 972 jako Cidini, w 1187 Zedin i Cedene, w 1240 Ceden.

Translation:

"Name of city appears in documents under oldest written records already in the year 972 as Cidini, in 1187 as Zedin and Cedene, in 1240 as Ceden. "

In 972, the first historically recorded battle of the first duke of the Polans took place at this location on June 24. At this battle, recorded as Schlacht bei Zehden Battle of Cedynia, duke Mieszko I of Poland and his brother Czibor, recorded in chronicles as Cidebur, defeated Hodo I, the Germanmarker margrave of the Northern March and Lusatia. Information about this battle is found in the Gall Anonim Chronicle and the Thietmar Chronicle. This was one of Mieszko's and his son Boleslaw I's numerous battles, that they took up in their conquests and conquest attempts in several neighboring countries, soon after they received positions as dukes.

Because of the victory Mieszko of the Polans gained access for the first time in 972 to the Oder River going north into the Baltic Seamarker and to some parts of the land, later called Pomerania. Under Boleslaw I the name Poland was for the first time used. Boleslaw and successors conquered Pomerania temporarily a few more times. From 1181 until 1806 Duchy of Pomerania was an integral part of the Holy Roman Empire. The dukes of Pomerania stood under the Margraves of Brandenburg.

In 1252 the town of (Cidini, Zedin, Cedene, Ceden (modern German Zehden, all pronounced about the same) became a part of the Margraviate of Brandenburg and in 1278 the Cistercians erected a cloister for females there, which was secularized after the Reformation. During wars in the 17th century the town was destroyed by Swedes. In 1701 it became a part of the Kingdom of Prussiamarker, (previously Brandenburg-Prussia), then after dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire it became part of the German Empiremarker in 1871. In 1945 after WWII Zehden along with all of eastern Germany including eastern Brandenburgmarker, was handed over to Polandmarker.

External links



See also



References

  1. Miasto i Gmina Cedynia




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